1st Alberta Legislature
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1st Legislative Assembly of Alberta lasted from November 9, 1905, to Monday, March 22, 1909. The government was led by Alexander Rutherford of the Alberta Liberal Party, they held an overwhelming majority of seats during the first legislature.
|Affiliation||Elected in 1905||Standings at dissolution|
Members of the Legislative Assembly elected
For complete electoral history, see individual districts
Member changes after the election
|District||Member||Party||Reason for By-Election|
|Lethbridge||William Simmons||Liberal||April 12, 1906 —Appointment of Mr. Leverett DeVeber to Canadian Senate|
|Vermilion||James Bismark Holden||Liberal||July 16, 1906 —Appointment of Mr. Matthew McCauley as warden of Edmonton Penitentiary|
|Gleichen||Ezra Riley||Liberal||December 7, 1906 —Appointment of Mr. Charles Stuart to Judicial Bench|
|Lethbridge||Donald McNabb||Labour||January 8, 1909 —Resignation of Mr. William Simmons to run for House of Commons|
History of the First Legislature
|Bills Report 1st Legislative Assembly|
|Party||No. of Bills||Royal Assent||Withdrawn||Killed|
The 1st Alberta Legislative Assembly came about after the creation of Alberta. The assembly met for the first time in 1906 under a strong Alberta Liberal Party majority. The Alberta Legislature Building was not built yet, and the assembly met in a school gymnasium in Edmonton.
Edmonton was designated as the temporary capital city for Alberta during its creation. One of the major debates that occurred in this assembly was the capital city debate. A number of alternative capital cities were chosen and voted on. In the end partly due to the strong representation around Edmonton and strong Liberal majority, Edmonton was chosen as the permanent capital city in Alberta.
Labor MLA Donald McNabb's by-election victory made him the first third party candidate elected to the legislature and helped raise the strength of the labour movement in the Lethbridge area that would have an effect in Alberta politics for quite some time to come.