2-alkenal reductase

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2-alkenal reductase
1zsv.jpg
Leukotriene B4 12-hydroxydehydrogenase (NADP-dependent) dimer, Human
Identifiers
EC number1.3.1.74
CAS number9032-20-6
Databases
IntEnzIntEnz view
BRENDABRENDA entry
ExPASyNiceZyme view
KEGGKEGG entry
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PRIAMprofile
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene OntologyAmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, a 2-alkenal reductase (EC 1.3.1.74) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

n-alkanal + NAD(P)+ alk-2-enal + NAD(P)H + H+

The 3 substrates of this enzyme are n-alkanal, NAD+, and NADP+, whereas its 4 products are alk-2-enal, NADH, NADPH, and H+.

This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on the CH-CH group of donor with NAD+ or NADP+ as acceptor. The systematic name of this enzyme class is n-alkanal:NAD(P)+ 2-oxidoreductase. Other names in common use include NAD(P)H-dependent alkenal/one oxidoreductase, and NADPH:2-alkenal alpha,beta-hydrogenase.

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, 3 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 2DM6, 2J3J, and 2J3K.

References[edit]

  • Mano J, Torii Y, Hayashi S-I, et al. (2002). "The NADPH:quinone oxidoreductase P1-zeta-crystallin in Arabidopsis catalyzes the alpha,beta-hydrogenation of 2-alkenals: detoxication of the lipid peroxide-derived reactive aldehydes". Plant Cell Physiol. 43 (12): 1445&ndash, 55. doi:10.1093/pcp/pcf187. PMID 12514241.
  • Dick RA, Kwak MK, Sutter TR, Kensler TW (2001). "Antioxidative function and substrate specificity of NAD(P)H-dependent alkenal/one oxidoreductase. A new role for leukotriene B4 12-hydroxydehydrogenase/15-oxoprostaglandin 13-reductase". J. Biol. Chem. 276 (44): 40803&ndash, 10. doi:10.1074/jbc.M105487200. PMID 11524419.