Tel Aviv Savidor Central railway station

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Tel Aviv Savidor Central
תחנת תל אביב סבידור מרכז
تل أبيب مركز سافيدور
Israel Railways
Tlvgenel002.jpg
Location10 Al Parashat Drakhim St., Tel Aviv
Coordinates32°05′02″N 34°47′54″E / 32.08389°N 34.79833°E / 32.08389; 34.79833Coordinates: 32°05′02″N 34°47′54″E / 32.08389°N 34.79833°E / 32.08389; 34.79833
Platforms3
Tracks6
Construction
Parking3000 payable spaces
Bicycle facilities50 spaces
Disabled accessYes
History
OpenedNovember 3, 1954
Rebuilt1988
Traffic
Passengers (2010)9,722,274

Tel Aviv Savidor Central railway station (Hebrew: תֵּל אָבִיב סָבִידוֹר מֶרְכָּז, Tel Aviv Savidor Merkaz, Arabic: تل أبيب مركز سافيدور‎) is the main central train station of Tel Aviv. It is one of the main railway hubs of Israel, located on the eastern side of Tel Aviv, at the border between Tel Aviv and Ramat Gan. The station was opened to the public in November 1954 under the name Tel Aviv Central, and throughout its history was widely known as Arlozorov station due to its location in the eastern end of Arlozorov street, Tel Aviv, and next to the Arlozorov Interchange of Ayalon Highway.

The station serves most rail lines in Israel and has 6 passenger platforms—more than any other station in Israel—and is also the busiest in terms of passenger movements, serving a daily average of 70,073 passengers in December 2014. Despite not being a terminus for most lines, it serves as a terminal for travel to all parts of Israel. The station is located next to the 2000 Terminal in the west and the Diamond Exchange District (of Ramat Gan) in the east. Like all railway stations in Tel Aviv, the tracks lie between the southbound and northbound lanes of the Ayalon Highway. The tracks are connected by escalators, stairways and elevators for disabled persons to a bridge which connects them with the terminal building (on the Tel Aviv side) and the Diamond Exchange District (on the Ramat Gan side). In 2018 a northern access pavilion fronting Modaii bridge opened, adding a third passenger entry and exit point out of the station facilitating additional access to the Diamond Exchange District. An underground station of the future Red Line light rail is being built at the site to be opened by October 2021. An option exists of adding a fourth island platform at the station as part of the four-tracking project of the Ayalon Railway which would serve future tracks 7 and 8 starting in the late 2020s.

The station is named after Menachem Savidor, Israel Railways' chairman between 1954–1964 and later the speaker of the Knesset.

History[edit]

The original terminus before the relocation, on a map from 1958
Entrance

The railway station was originally the southern terminus of the Coastal railway line, which opened on November 3, 1954 and reached what was then the northern fringe of Tel Aviv. For the next four decades, it handled only trains to the north, and was colloquially known as the Tel Aviv North station. This colloquial name could be ambiguous because until 1954, "Tel Aviv North" was the name of the Bnei Brak railway station. Railway traffic to the south of Tel Aviv was provided through Tel Aviv South railway station, which was not connected with Tel Aviv Central.

Until 1980 the head office of Israel Railways was located at the Haifa Central Station when Tzvi Tzafriry, the general manager of Israel Railways decided to move the head office to Tel Aviv Central.[1] In 2017 Israel Railways' head office was relocated from Tel Aviv Central to a new office complex situated on the grounds of the Lod railway station.

In its initial configuration as a terminal station, the passenger platforms were located directly north of the terminal building, to the west of their present location. In 1988, the tracks leading to the station (along the present Pinchas Sapir Street) were shifted eastwards as works on the Ayalon Highway and railway progressed southwards. The station's platforms were then moved to their current location and a pedestrian bridge over the Ayalon Highway was built to connect them to the terminal building to the west. The station with its relocated tracks was opened to the public on January 10, 1988, and the official opening took place on May 3 of the same year.[2] In 1993 the station ceased being a terminal station when the Ayalon section of the coastal railway was extended to link with the Jaffa–Jerusalem railway in southern Tel Aviv. At that point, the little-used Tel Aviv South station (which unlike Tel Aviv Central was not located on the Ayalon railway) was closed for passengers and services operating to it were routed to the more conveniently-located Tel Aviv Central station instead. Between the closing of the Tel Aviv South railway station and the opening of Tel Aviv HaShalom railway station in 1996, Tel Aviv Central was the only active passenger railway station in Tel Aviv. Nowadays, Tel Aviv Central is one of four active passenger railway stations located within Tel Aviv's municipal borders.[3]

Central bus terminal[edit]

The 2000 Terminal

The central bus terminal (מסוף רכבת מרכז), Arlozorov Terminal or Tel Aviv 2000 Terminal (מסוף 2000) is a major bus station located next to the Tel Aviv Central railway station, near the border of Tel Aviv and Ramat Gan, next to the Ayalon Highway and the junction of several traffic arteries: Jabotinsky Road that leads to Ramat Gan, Bnei Brak and Petah Tikva, Begin Road that goes to south Tel Aviv, Namir Road to north Tel Aviv and further to Highway 2 and Arlozorov street westward to the sea. Arlozorov/2000 Terminal should not be confused however with the Tel Aviv Central Bus Station, located in southern Tel Aviv – nearby the HaHagana railway station.

Together, the bus and train terminals at the site constitute a major transportation hub that plays a significant role in both short- and long-distance public transportation in Israel. The Tel Aviv Light Rail will also have a station in the same area.

Buses of Egged, Dan, Kavim, Metropoline, Afikim, Superbus and Nateev Express bus companies stop at the terminal and surrounding streets.

The terminal lies in the open air, unlike the central bus stations in Tel Aviv, Jerusalem and some other cities, which are inside large buildings that also double as shopping malls.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "From press release of May." (Press Release May 2009) (Archive) Israel Railways. Retrieved on 9 April 2013.
  2. ^ Cotterell, Paul (December 1989). Rothschild, Walter (ed.). "All Change at Tel Aviv". HaRakevet (6).
  3. ^ Israel Railways Lines and Stations

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Israel Railways   Following station
Towards: Nahariya
Tel Aviv University
  NahariyaHaifaTel AvivBen-Gurion AirportModi'in
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