Israel Railways

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רכבת ישראל בע"מ
Israel Railways Ltd.
TypeState owned
TASERAIL.B2
IndustryRailways
HeadquartersLod railway station, ,
Area served
Israel
Key people
Michael Maixner (CEO)
ServicesRail transport, Cargo transport
RevenueIncrease 940+ million[1] (2015)
Increase 1 billion[2] (2016)
Increase1.5 billion[3] (2014)
OwnerGovernment of Israel
Emblem of Israel dark blue full.svg
Number of employees
1,900 (2015)
Websitewww.rail.co.il
רכבת ישראל
Israel Railways
Flag of Israel Railways.svg
Israel Railways train 277 Benyamina-Ashqelon14-05-12.jpg
Overview
Stations called at66
Locale Israel
Dates of operation1948–present
Technical
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in)
ElectrificationIn the process of conversion to electric; 25 kV, 50 Hz overhead wire
Length1,138 km
Other
Websitewww.rail.co.il

Israel Railways Ltd. , dba Israel Railways (Hebrew: רַכֶּבֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל, Rakevet Yisra'el), is the state-owned principal railway company responsible for all inter-city, commuter, and freight rail transport in Israel. Israel Railways network consists of 1,138 kilometers (707 mi) of track. All its lines are standard gauge. The network is centered in Israel's densely populated coastal plain, from which lines radiate out in many directions. In 2018, Israel Railways carried 68 million passengers.

Unlike road vehicles and city trams, Israeli heavy rail trains run on the left hand tracks, matching neighboring Egypt and other Middle Eastern countries, whose formerly connected rail networks were constructed by British engineers.

Until 1980, the company's head office was located at Haifa Center HaShmona railway station. Tzvi Tzafriri, the general manager of Israel Railways, decided to move the head office to Tel Aviv Savidor Central Railway Station. In 2017, the company's head office was moved to a new campus built on the grounds of the Lod railway station.

Stations[edit]

There are 66 stations on the Israel Railways network, with almost all of the stations being accessible to disabled persons, with public announcement and passenger information systems, vending machines and parking.

Bicycle policy[edit]

Bicycles are permitted on the train in designated coaches.

Israel Railways encourage people to use bicycles by building a double-deck parking for bicycles in every train station and by allowing people to take the bike with them on the train to minimize the need for private cars.

Smoking[edit]

In Israel, smoking is prohibited in public enclosed places or commercial areas. Although smoking in railway stations is allowed at designated zones of the station, the sale of tobacco from automated vending machines is prohibited.

List of stations[edit]

Israel Railways Route Map
Bus interchange Nahariya
Karmiel
Bus interchange Acre
Ahihud
Kiryat Motzkin
Kiryat Haim
Hutzot HaMifratz
Yokneam/Kfar Yehoshua
Bus interchange HaMifratz Central
Migdal HaEmek–
Kfar Baruch
Haifa Center HaShmona
Afula
Haifa Bat Galim
Beit She'an
Bus interchange Haifa Hof HaCarmel
Atlit
Binyamina
Caesarea-Pardes Hanna
Hadera West
Netanya
Netanya Sapir
Beit Yehoshua
Hod Hasharon Sokolov
Ra'anana South
Kfar Saba – Nordau
Ra'anana West
Rosh HaAyin Tzafon
Herzliya
Petah Tikva Segula
Bnei Brak
Petah Tikva Kiryat Arye
Tel Aviv University
Bus interchange Tel Aviv Savidor Central
Tel Aviv HaShalom
Bus interchange Tel Aviv HaHagana
Holon Junction
Ben Gurion Airport Ben Gurion Airport
Holon-Wolfson
Paatei Modi'in
Kfar Chabad
Lod Ganei Aviv
Modi'in Central Bus interchange
Lod
Jerusalem–Yitzhak Navon Jerusalem Light RailBus interchange
Bat Yam-Yoseftal
Bat Yam-Komemiyut
Be'er Ya'akov
Rishon LeZion HaRishonim
Ramla
Rishon LeZion Moshe Dayan
Rehovot
Yavne West
Beit Shemesh
Yavne East
Jerusalem Biblical Zoo
Ashdod Ad Halom
Jerusalem Malha
Ashkelon
Mazkeret Batya
Sderot
Kiryat Mal'akhi – Yoav
Netivot
Kiryat Gat
Ofakim
Lehavim-Rahat
Goral Junction
Be'er Sheva North/University
Dimona
Bus interchange Be'er Sheva Center
Station Passengers City District
2019[4] 2020[5] 2021[6]
Nahariya 3,076,039 1,241,173 1,915,761 Nahariya Northern District
Akko (Acre) 2,043,343 732,180 1,067,444 Acre
Afula (R. Eitan) 776,477 268,214 495,069 Afula
Beit She'an 442,417 162,902 295,790 Beit She'an
Migdal HaEmek–Kfar Baruch 259,977 85,531 138,467 Kfar Baruch
Yokneam–Kfar Yehoshua 339,789 122,210 224,054 Kfar Yehoshua
Ahihud 276,018 102,243 148,278 Ahihud
Karmiel 1,923,674 675,621 1,119,308 Karmiel
Kiryat Motzkin 2,376,278 844,709 1,317,716 Kiryat Motzkin + Haifa Haifa District
Kiryat Haim 480,814 171,289 257,428 Haifa
Hutzot HaMifratz 626,017 245,094 419,471
HaMifratz Central 2,984,821 1,113,062 1,642,487
Haifa Center HaShmona 2,242,279 773,862 1,066,835
Haifa Bat Galim 2,282,213 874,919 1,480,565
Haifa Hof HaCarmel (S. Raziel) 4,648,766 1,630,110 2,425,278
Atlit 363,614 143,931 254,038 Atlit
Binyamina 3,336,093 1,206,294 1,954,827 Binyamina-Giv'at Ada
Caesarea–Pardes Hanna 1,339,506 477,264 749,923 Pardes Hanna-Karkur + Caesarea
Hadera West 2,430,825 879,112 1,424,860 Hadera
Netanya 3,563,026 1,212,729 1,596,659 Netanya Central District
Netanya Sapir 1,155,205 407,584 630,966
Beit Yehoshua 2,056,937 675,390 1,052,922 Beit Yehoshua
Herzliya 3,004,648 1,008,077 1,795,033 Herzliya Tel Aviv District
Ra'anana West 265,006 58,882 120,302 Ra'anana + Herzliya Central District
Ra'anana South 233,114 50,494 68,938 Ra'anana + Kfar Saba
Hod HaSharon Sokolov 926,654 185,951 247,703 Hod HaSharon + Kfar Saba
Kfar Saba Nordau (A. Kostyuk) 1,373,963 286,105 398,644
Rosh HaAyin North 1,573,945 475,460 519,834 Rosh HaAyin
Petah Tikva Segula 905,440 237,701 221,772 Petah Tikva
Petah Tikva Kiryat Aryeh 1,943,818 528,942 559,290
Bnei Brak 1,271,141 320,820 282,841 Bnei Brak Tel Aviv District
Tel Aviv University 6,499,857 1,883,810 3,132,561 Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv Savidor Central 13,426,398 4,980,537 6,476,362 Tel Aviv + Ramat Gan
Tel Aviv HaShalom 15,352,944 5,635,092 8,425,111 Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv HaHagana 6,596,080 2,516,573 3,659,147
Holon Junction 629,715 182,892 162,413 Holon + Tel Aviv
Holon Wolfson 823,403 281,062 256,297
Bat Yam Yoseftal 1,810,003 584,714 685,830 Holon + Bat Yam
Bat Yam Komemiyut 934,648 288,396 274,700
Ben Gurion Airport
(closed March 2020–April 2021; alighting only November 2021–January 2022)
4,383,073 788,867 881,276 Ben Gurion Airport Central District
Kfar Habad 416,411 163,848 267,515 Kfar Chabad
Lod Ganei Aviv 525,198 215,892 305,990 Lod
Lod 2,489,889 965,369 1,283,229
Ramla 861,166 336,700 452,460 Ramla
Paatei Modi'in 391,832 120,963 225,461 Modi'in-Maccabim-Re'ut
Modi'in Central 1,711,198 594,652 957,050
Beit Shemesh 930,014 316,171 482,584 Beit Shemesh Jerusalem District
Jerusalem Yitzhak Navon 2,674,840 1,651,659 3,598,443 Jerusalem
Biblical Zoo
(closed from March 2020)
26,445 1,403
Jerusalem Malha
(closed from March 2020)
115,118 17,744
Rishon LeZion Moshe Dayan 2,217,849 596,198 670,612 Rishon LeZion Central District
Rishon LeZion HaRishonim
(closed from December 2021)
360,136 111,024 137,386
Be'er Ya'akov 777,819 294,761 444,211 Be'er Ya'akov
Rehovot 3,855,766 1,395,040 1,654,749 Rehovot
Yavne West 1,465,638 483,214 647,974 Yavne
Yavne East 470,468 154,927 169,294
Mazkeret Batya 243,989 177,890 315,499 Mazkeret Batya
Ashdod Ad Halom 3,765,864 1,273,176 1,590,702 Ashdod Southern District
Ashkelon 3,005,131 1,026,198 1,220,611 Ashkelon
Sderot 1,025,670 359,793 398,278 Sderot
Netivot 970,450 382,667 480,892 Netivot
Ofakim 864,528 331,842 415,333 Ofakim
Kiryat Mal'akhi–Yoav 360,569 135,497 233,242 Kfar Menahem
Kiryat Gat 1,175,058 479,342 714,533 Kiryat Gat
Lehavim–Rahat 438,867 158,862 246,747 Lehavim+Rahat
Be'er Sheva North 2,308,782 890,926 1,244,946 Beersheba
Be'er Sheva Center 3,562,792 1,331,920 2,030,811
Dimona 14,745 5,278 7,969 Dimona

Lines[edit]

Schematic diagram of Israel Railways passenger services
Regional map of past and present railway lines

Israel Railways currently operates 15 passenger service lines.[7] These can be broadly subdivided into inter-city lines, which connect two or more of Israel's major metropolitan centres (Tel Aviv, Jerusalem, Haifa, and Beersheba), usually skipping some of the intermediate stations, and commuter lines, centered on one metropolitan area and serving all stations on the line. However, Israel Railways no longer officially uses this classification.

Some services were partially or fully suspended as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic and electrification works.

Inter-city lines[edit]

Corridor Service Terminus (start) Intermediate stops Terminus (end) Infrastucture
Haifa–
Tel Aviv–
Beersheba
Nahariya–Beersheba ‡
(partially commuter)
Nahariya Be'er Sheva Center Coastal railway
Ayalon railway
Old Tel Aviv–Jerusalem railway
South railway
Karmiel–Beersheba ‡ Karmiel Karmiel–Acre railway
Coastal railway
Ayalon railway
Old Tel Aviv–Jerusalem railway
South railway
Haifa–
Tel Aviv
Nahariya–Modi'in ‡
(partially commuter)
Nahariya Modi'in Center Coastal railway
Ayalon railway
New Tel Aviv–Jerusalem railway
Anava–Modi'in railway
Nahariya–Ben Gurion Airport
(night train, suspended)
Nahariya Ben Gurion Airport Coastal railway
Ayalon railway
New Tel Aviv–Jerusalem railway
Tel Aviv–
Jerusalem
Herzliya–Jerusalem † Herzliya Jerusalem Yitzhak Navon Coastal railway
Ayalon railway
New Tel Aviv–Jerusalem railway
Tel Aviv–
Beersheba
Tel Aviv–Beersheba
(night train, suspended)
Tel Aviv Center Be'er Sheva Center Ayalon railway
New Tel Aviv–Jerusalem railway
Old Tel Aviv–Jerusalem railway
South railway

Commuter lines[edit]

Metropolitan core Service Terminus (start) Intermediate stops Terminus (end) Infrastructure
Haifa Nahariya–Binyamina
(inter-city connection)
Nahariya Binyamina
inter-city to Modi'in
Coastal railway
Karmiel–Haifa Karmiel Haifa Hof HaCarmel Karmiel–Acre railway
Coastal railway
Beit She'an–Atlit Beit She'an Atlit Jezreel Valley railway
Coastal railway
Tel Aviv Binyamina–Ashkelon
(commuter connection)
Binyamina Ashkelon
commuter to Beersheba
Coastal railway
Ayalon railway
Old Tel Aviv–Jerusalem railway
Lod–Ashkelon railway
Herzliya–Ashkelon † Herzliya Ashkelon Sharon railway
Eastern railway
Yarkon railway
Ayalon railway
Tel Aviv–Bnei Darom railway
Lod–Ashkelon railway
Netanya–Beit Shemesh Netanya Beit Shemesh Coastal railway
Ayalon railway
Old Tel Aviv–Jerusalem railway
Tel Aviv–Modi'in
(inter-city connection)
Tel Aviv University
← inter-city to Nahariya
Modi'in Center Ayalon railway
New Tel Aviv–Jerusalem railway
Anava–Modi'in railway
Lod–Rishon LeZion (suspended) Lod Rishon LeZion HaRishonim Lod–Ashkelon railway
Jerusalem Beit Shemesh–Jerusalem (suspended) Beit Shemesh Biblical Zoo Jerusalem Malha Old Tel Aviv–Jerusalem railway
Modi'in–Jerusalem ‡ (future) Modi'in Center Pa'atei Modi'in Jerusalem Yitzhak Navon New Tel Aviv–Jerusalem railway
Anava–Modi'in railway
Beersheba Lod–Beersheba
(inter-city connection)
Lod
← inter-city to Nahariya
Be'er Sheva Center Old Tel Aviv–Jerusalem railway
South railway
Ashkelon–Beersheba
(commuter connection)
Ashkelon
← commuter to Binyamina
Ashkelon–Beersheba railway
Ashkelon–Beersheba Ashkelon Ashkelon–Beersheba railway
Beersheba–Dimona Be'er Sheva North Dimona Beersheba–Dimona railway

† Fully electrified line
‡ Line electrification in progress

Future[edit]

The flagship project of Israel Railways is the construction of an improved rail line from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. The line began as an extension of the current railway to Ben Gurion Airport and Modi'in, and terminates in a new underground station beside the Jerusalem Central Bus Station. An additional proposal will connect Modi'in to Jerusalem if built by connecting to the aforementioned line.[8] The project of electrification, starting with the new Jerusalem-Tel Aviv line is ongoing with plans to eventually electrify all or most of the network.

A 23.5 kilometres (14.6 mi) line from the city of Acre, on the Mediterranean coast, to Karmiel was completed in March 2017. However, this tract bypasses Acre and does not make a stop there ; it is planned to be extended north to the north-eastern town of Qiryat Shemona, with future stations also planned for Jadeidi-Makr and Majd al-Krum, though there is no timetable for construction. This line will be fully electrified.[9][10]

There were plans to build a high-speed railway to Eilat. In 2019 the project has been indefinitely frozen.[11]

In 2011 the reconstruction and expansion of the 60 kilometres (37 mi) long, formerly abandoned Jezreel Valley railway line connecting Haifa and Beit Shean (near the Jordanian border) started. This was completed in 2016. There has been talk of further extending the line to Irbid, in Jordan (to allow a direct freight connection from Jordan to the Mediterranean Sea); however, no decision has yet been made on this matter. Another proposed extension under discussion would connect the reconstructed Jezreel Valley railway at Afula to Tiberias.[12]

In May 2017, an extension of the railway from Arad via Kuseife was approved. The line would connect to the existing BeershebaDimona rail line at the proposed new station at Nevatim.[13]

Rolling stock[edit]

Current[edit]

Locomotives[edit]

Class Image Type Top speed Number Remarks Built
mph km/h
EMD G12 Haifa, Israel Railway Museum IMG 6204.JPG DE locomotive 10 Bo-Bo.[14] Israel imported 23 from EMD 1954–62 and captured four more from Egyptian National Railways in the 1967 Six-Day War. Some have been withdrawn and one (No. 107) is now in the Israel Railway Museum in Haifa.[15] No. 106 was withdrawn after sabotage. Nos. 119 & 123 withdrawn after incidents. No. 130 never in service due to Six-Day War. 1954–62
EMD G26 G26-Lod-11-08-06.jpg 14 [16] 1971–82
EMD GT26CW-2 GT26CW2-IR701.jpg 13 Number 701 is an original EMD unit delivered in 1989. In the mid-2010s Israel Railways purchased thirteen units from NRE which were completely rebuilt by TŽV Gredelj from 11 Croatian Railways HŽ series 2062 GT26 units plus 2 new frames and designated as NGT26CW-3 variants. They were delivered to Israel Railways between August 2015 and December 2017 and numbered 710–722. 1989, 2015–17
Alstom Prima JT 42CW 708-709-115.jpg 68 110 7 Series 702–709. EMD prime mover. 1996
Alstom Prima JT 42BW Diesel Locomotive Alstom Heifa.jpg 87 140 48 Series 731–778. EMD prime mover. 1996–2006
Vossloh Euro 3200 קטר של רכבת ישראל המצוייד במערכת האינדונזי 2014-05-11 18-57.jpeg 100 160 24 Series 1301–1324. With modifications capable of 200 km/h. EMD prime mover. 2011–13
Vossloh Euro 4000 Euro 4000 Israel Railways.JPG 80 130 14 Series 1401–1414. EMD prime mover. 2011
Bombardier TRAXX P160 AC3 TRAXX P160 AC3 Jerusalem.jpg Electric locomotive 100 160 63 (32 options)[9] Ordered in 2015.[9] 25 kV 50 Hz AC operation. 6 MW electric output. Initial delivery began in 2017. 2017

Multiple Units[edit]

Class Image Top speed Number Remarks Built
mph km/h
ABB Scandia IC3 DMU IC3 -7044 Herzelia 27-4-2012.jpg 112[17] 180[17] 9 sets (42-50) The introduction of IC3-trains in the early 1990s marked the beginning of a political recommitment to major improvements in the services of Israel Railways.

Each IC3 set is composed of 3 cars and multiple sets may be joined together. Sets 42-50 purchased from SJ in 2005. 31 was scrapped after an incident near Revadim on 10 August 2006.[18] 19, 21, 25 possibly out of service. 01 is now in the Israel Railway Museum.

1990
IC3 7039 ISRAEL RAIL EFI ELIAN.jpg 100[17] 160[17] 10 sets (01-10) 1992
31 sets (11-41) 1994–96
Siemens Desiro HC EMU Siemens Desiro HC Israel Jerusalem 3.jpg 100 160 ~60 sets (330 cars) Siemens won tender in September 2017.[19][20] Tender called for two basic double-deck sets: 15 short (composed of 4 cars) and 45 long (6 cars). First delivery, consisting of three sets, took place in November 2020. 2019

Carriages[edit]

Class Image Type Top speed Number Remarks Built
mph km/h
Alstom Modo GEC ALSTHOM DMU at Haifa.jpg single deck push-pull 100 160 35[4] Assembled in Israel by Haargaz. Had 5 generator/driving coaches, 32 carriages.[21] 1996
Bombardier Double-deck Coach Lod-Station26-08-07.jpg double deck push-pull (DDPP)[22] 24 Driving- and generator trailer (PC-103) series 401–424. Two trailers out of operation[23] 2001–04
68 Coaches (TC-101) series 425–490. Four trailers out of operation[23] 2001–04
7 Driving- and generator trailer (PC-103) series 501–507.[23] 2005–06
18 Coaches (TC-101) series 521–538.[23] 2005–06
82 Coaches (TC-101) series 2201–2394.[23] 2005–06
Siemens Viaggio Light Siemens Viaggio Light train to Nahariya at Tel Aviv University train station (1).jpg single deck push-pull[24][25] 87 Three types: standard coach (901-953[26]), standard coach with wheelchair accessible toilets (825-849[26]) and DVT with diesel generator (801-814[26]).[27] First stock in service on 8 March 2009[28] 2008
single deck push-pull[29] 31 2011
Bombardier Double-deck Coach DD entering Haifa Bat-Galim.jpg double deck push-pull[30] 78 Further coaches were ordered from Bombardier in 2010. 2011
72 Ordered in 2012 and delivered from the end of March 2014. Similar in overall appearance to previous DDPP sets but capable of higher speeds and advanced safety measures (although previous Bombardier DDPP sets were later upgraded to these standards). First rolling stock capable of operating on Israel Railways' 25 kV 50 Hz electrified lines. 2014
93 Twindexx. Similar in overall appearance to previous DDPP sets. Sixty Ordered in 2016 and a further 33 in mid-2017. 2018
48 Twindexx. Similar in overall appearance to previous DDPP sets. Electric operation only (no diesel generator installed in control car). Ordered in late 2017. 2019
74 Twindexx. Similar in overall appearance to previous DDPP sets. Ordered in May 2019. 2020

Retired[edit]

Locomotives[edit]

Steam Locomotives[edit]
Class Image Top speed Number Remarks Built
mph km/h
Baldwin H class Haifa1931.jpg 6 Series 7-12 (H2), 13-17 (H3), 33 of series 871–920. Taken over from Palestine Railways. Last went out of service in 1959 and scrapped in '60. 1918
NBL/Borsig Egyptian 545 class 4 5 captured during 1956 Israeli invasion of Sinai on the former Palestine Railways main line between El Kantara East and Gaza: numbers 546, 550 and 557 (NBL) and numbers 607 and 613 (Borsig). 4 taken into stock and used them around Lod in central Israel for 1–2 years. Withdrawn and scrapped in 1959. 1928, 1931
NBL P class 4-6-0 Israel Railways P-Class loco.jpg 6 Series 60–65. Taken over from Palestine Railways. Last went out of service in 1959 and scrapped in '60. Tender of 62 preserved at Israel Railway Museum. 1935
LMS Stanier Class 8F IL steam engine.jpg 23 Series around 70513. Taken over from Palestine Railways. Last went out of service in 1958. One (the 24th) stranded 8F, 70372 (NBL works no. 24680), on a small section of the main line near Tulkarm on the West Bank side of the 1949 Armistice line.It remained there, increasingly derelict, until after the 1967 Israeli 6 day war. The Israelis finally removed and scrapped it in about 1973. A similar 8F (a Turkish TCDD 45151 Class locomotive) preserved at Be'er Sheva Turkish railway station and numbered 70414. 1935–46
USATC S100 Class S100Design.png 2 Number 21 &22 (class 957?). Transported from Europe to Suez in September 1942. To Palestine Railways, later Army. Later to Israel Railways.[31] 1 1942
Diesel Locomotives[edit]
Class Image Top speed Number Remarks Built
mph km/h
SAFB (GM-EMD) Haifa-Railway-Museum-1016b-Societe-Anglo-Franco-Belge-diesel-1951.jpg 68 110 3 BoBo locomotives series 101-103, fitted with EMD 3RSW engines. In service until 1998.[21] First diesel locomotive in IR's service. 102 locomotive is preserved. 1952
Esslingen Israel Railways Esslingen locomotive 228-1959.jpg 18 Series 211–228. Similar to DB Class V 60. In the mid-1960s, the Esslingen factory was closed. As a result, some almost-new locomotives were cannibalised for parts.[32] One example preserved at the Railway Museum and another at the Jezreel Valley railway heritage site in Elro'i. 1955–56
Deutz Deutz 0-4-0DM No. 201.jpg 3 Series 201-203 shunting locomotives. 203 is preserved under the 201 number 1958
EMD G16 IsraelRailwaysLoco163.jpg 3 Co-Co. During the Six-Day War Israel captured Egyptian Railways 3304, 3329 and 3361 which were appropriated into Israel Railways stock as numbers 301–303, later 161–163.[33] All have now been withdrawn from service but 163 (formerly ER 3361) is preserved at the Israel Railway Museum. 1960–61

Multiple Units[edit]

Class Image Type Top speed Number Remarks Built
mph km/h
Esslingen Israel Railways Esslingen LHB 1956.jpg DMU 12 Similar to German VT08. 3-car sets (powered coaches 1-12, intermediate coaches 1-12, driving coaches 1-12), some later extended to 4-unit sets (with intermediate coaches 13-22).[34] In the early sixties converted to non-powered coaches in push-pull service because of high maintenance costs. Withdrawn in 1979. Some carriages continued in regular services from 1992 until nineties as 111–117.[21] One trailer should be preserved by the Country Museum in Tel Aviv 1956
FIAT 7225 Railcar 80 128 0 10 ordered. After 8 were finished, the order was cancelled for unclear reasons. Italian literature wrote because of the Yom Kippur War. All ten units were sold to Ferrocarril del Pacifico and Ferrocarril Chihuahua al Pacífico in Mexico,[35][36] where they entered service in 1975.[37] 1970/1973[37]

Carriages[edit]

Class Image Number Remarks Built
O&K 8 3rd class coaches similar to German Eilzugwagen series 51-58. Seating however different with 2+3 seat arrangement and 96 seats.[38] 1955
Carel et Fouché [fr] CarF JT42BW1.jpg 14 Picture: first carriage. Series 71-84 1961
Boris Kidrič/Metalka "Yugo" Haifa-Railway-Museum-1125c.jpg 43 Series 601–643, delivered in several batches between 1964 and 1972. 601-615 in 1964, series 616-625 in 1965, 626-633 in 1966, 634-637 in 1971 and 638-643 in 1972. Coaches 631, 632 and 633 were fitted with buffets. 610 converted to half passenger carriage, half generator car. Some other were converted to full generator carriages.[39][40] 621 in 2009 used as office in red colors in Bnei Brak.[41] 1964–72
DEV-Inox Carel et Fouché Haifa-Railway-Museum-1082b-Boris-Kidric-coach-1964.jpg

Haifa-Railway-Museum-1082d-Boris-Kidric-coach-1964.jpg

8 Bought from SNCF in 1994 (Series 91-98) to create superfuous coaches for refurbishment by HaArgaz.[42] Original 1st class A9TJ-mainline carriage U64. Declassified to B10 1/2TJ in eighties. Scrapped in 2006.[43] 1 preserved in Railway Museum. 1965
British Railways Mark 2c TSO Mk. 2C coach No. 688 Israel Railways Museum.jpg
Haifa-Railway-Museum-1274e.jpg
8 (13) Bought from British Rail in 1977 (Series 681-688 (ex BR 5567, 5570, 5575, 5580, 5588, 5593, 5606, 5612) and retro-fitted with air conditioning equipment at Wolverton Works.[44] 1 preserved at Railway Museum.[21][45] In 1989, restaurant chain Apropo bought 5 Mk1 (BR 3947, 7675, 18768, 84338) and 1 Mk2 (5250) and shipped these to Israel, never to be used. 1970

Organizational structure[edit]

In 2017, Israel Railways founded a Tunnels Unit that is responsible for the daily operation of railway tunnels, including lighting, air circulation, etc. and managing emergencies.[46]

Performance[edit]

The passenger number history is as follows:

1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 1991[47] 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004[48] 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021
1.6[49] 4.4 4.1 3.3 2.5 2.9 4.8 5.1 5.6 6.4 8.8 12.7 15.1 17.5 19.8 22.9 26.8 28.4 31.8 35.1 35.9 35.9 35.9 40.4 45[50] 48.5[51] 53[52] 59.5[53] 64.6[54] 67.7[55] 69[56] 24.2[57] 35.0[58]
Additional statistics[59][60][61]
1990 1995 2000 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Total Revenue (million NIS)a 102 200 402 776 840 842 902 997 1,095 1,158 1,102 1,159 1,155 1,146 518
Passenger-kilometers (million) 170 267 781 2,011 1,986 1,927 2,133 2,376 2,485 2,608 2,645 2,765 3,032 3,580 1,253
Train-kilometers (passenger, million) 3.812 9.375 8.905 8.767 8.348 10.035 11.17 12.101 12.92 13.767 14.137 14.796 10.158
Train-kilometers (cargo, thousand) 1,498 1,571 1,609 1,508 1,556 1,584 1,782 1,817 2,063 2,141 1,934 1,934 1,791
Ton-kilometers (cargo, million) 1,048 1,176 1,173 799 1,062 1,099 1,011 1,058 1,165 1,155 1,404 1,381 1,235 1,241 1,250
Network length (km) 940 858 926 1,001 1,035 1,079 1,138 1,153 1,194 1,277 1,337 1,384 1,462 1,462 1,486

^a In contemporary shekels – not adjusted for inflation

Notable accidents[edit]

  • On 26 December 1963 two passenger trains on the then single-track main line linking Tel Aviv and Haifa collided head-on at Bet Yehoshua just south of Netanya.[62] The northbound train had passed a red signal and its locomotive rode over and crushed the locomotive of the southbound train.[63] None of the coaches was derailed but a coupler broke in the northbound train detaching the rear three coaches.[64] The continuous train brake should have then automatically stopped the detached coaches but it had not been connected properly so they started to roll back southwards.[64] 55 people were injured but only three seriously enough to be detained in hospital.[64] The two head-end crews survived but their locomotives, EMD G12s 105 and 118, were destroyed.[64]
  • HaBonim disaster: On 11 June 1985 a train collided with a bus carrying school children, killing 19 children and 3 adults, near moshav HaBonim.[65]
  • On 21 June 2005 an IC3 train crashed into a freight truck near kibbutz Revadim, killing 8 and injuring 198.[66]
  • 8 July 2005, a train collided with a truck between Kiryat Gat and Ahuzam, resulting in the death of the train driver and 38 injuries.[67][68] In February 2012 a plea bargain had been set[69] for the Revadim crash.
  • On 12 June 2006 a train crashed into a truck near Beit Yehoshua, killing 5 and injuring from 77 to over 80.[70][71]
  • On 27 December 2009 a train crashed into a car near Kiryat Gat. The driver proceeded without regard to the train checkpoint on the road. The train struck his car and he was killed.[72]
  • On 5 August 2010 a train crashed into a minibus near Kiryat Gat, killing 7 and injuring 6. The minibus was hit at 19:05 GMT+3 on Route 353, apparently as it tried to pass over a level crossing.[73][74]
  • On 28 December 2010 a fire started in a train near kibbutz Yakum, probably because of a short circuit, injuring 116.[75]
  • On 7 April 2011 two trains collided frontally near Netanya, injuring 59.[76]
  • On 4 October 2013, two men walking along railroad tracks in the Emek Hefer valley industrial zone were killed by a train.[77]
  • On 18 December 2013, a Beersheba-bound train collided with a group of camels walking along railroad tracks at the Segev Shalom Junction in the Negev, killing 14 camels. The incident caused massive delays in train traffic.[78]
  • On 29 December 2013, an Israel Railways worker was run down and killed by a train near Lod.[79]
  • On 15 March 2016, an Israel Railways locomotive crashed into freight wagons, injuring 6.[80]

See also[edit]

Ottoman Palestine railways
  • Eastern Railway, Ottoman WWI line, Tulkarm to Hadera and Tulkarm to Lydda; connected to Jezreel Valley, Jaffa–Jerusalem, and Beersheba lines
  • Jaffa–Jerusalem railway (inaugurated 1892)
  • Jezreel Valley railway (1905-1948), segment of the Haifa–Dera'a Line which connected the Hejaz Railway to the port of Haifa
  • Railway to Beersheba or the 'Egyptian Branch', Ottoman WWI line headed towards the Suez Canal; two lines: (Lidda–) Wadi Surar (Nahal Soreq)–Beit Hanoun, and Wadi Surar–Beersheba
Mandate Palestine & Israel railways

Bibliography[edit]

  • Cotterell, Paul (1986). The Railways of Palestine and Israel. Tourret Publishing. ISBN 0-905878-04-3.

References[edit]

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External links[edit]