2012 Hathazari violence
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|Persecution of Bengali Hindus|
Part of Bengali Hindu history
2012 Hathazari Violence denotes a series of attacks against the minority Hindu community by the majority Muslim in Hathazari Upazila of Chittagong District in the Division of Chittagong, Bangladesh on the 9 and 10 February 2012.
On 9 February the Hindus in the area took out a procession to celebrate the anniversary of the foundation of the Lokenath Sebasram. When the procession was passing a mosque, Muslims in the mosque forbade them to drums. At one stage, someone hurled a brick bat on the procession. An altercation took place at once which turned into chase and counter-chase when someone from the procession responded by throwing a brick bat.
Police organised a meeting between the two parties which was allegedly delayed with ill-intention. A group of Muslims said that the meeting will be held in the mosque and the Hindus agreed.
The meeting started in the evening. Requesting anonymity, several of those who attended the meeting told that a handful of miscreants vandalised a temple on the Loknath Sebasram premises when the meeting was underway.
They also vandalised seven to eight cars of the temple's visitors.
Muslims first vandalised a temple on the Loknath Sebasram premises when the meeting was underway. The idols and the temple premises were vandalised. At that night local Islamists named Emdad Ullah and Lokhman hired a construction worker named Mohammad Jasim to break down the wall of the local Mosque to divert away vandalisation of Lokhnath Temple.
Next day they spread the rumour that Hindus have destroyed the mosque.
Thousands of students of Darul Ulum Muinul Islam madrassah attacked the Raksha Kali Mandir at Hathazari and torching the temple after the madrassah students had said their juma prayers on the road.
The miscreants also vandalised seven temples out of eight at Nandirhat, including the Jalakumari Bari Mandir and Jagannath Bigraha Mandir, and Sita Kalibari temple at Hathazari.
The Muslims also vandalised about 50 houses of Hindu people, including Satya Saha, Sudarshan Chowdhury and Bishwanath Chowdhury, in the locality, said Loknath Sebashram secretary Ashesh Purahit and Satya Saha's nephew Rana Saha.
500-strong Police contingent and four platoons of Border Guards Bangladesh personnel were deployed in the Upazila to control the condition. Section 144 was clamped on Hathazari on Friday, 10 February 2012.
The violence against Hindu community was condemned by a great number of people. Initially Bangladeshi mainstream media kept a media blackout on this topic. But due to Facebook and Blog the news was spread across the world. A great number of Muslims also protested against this crime.
Advocate Rana Dasgupta, the general secretary of the central committee of Bangladesh Hindu Buddhist Christian Oikya Parishad visited the affected areas of Hathazari. On 19 February, the BHBCOP, held a press conference at the Chittagong Press Club and demanded immediate arrest and punishment of the guilty. According to Dasgupta, 14 temples were affected and shops and houses belonging to the Hindus were looted.
After the incident Two cases were filed against more than 800 unnamed people for an arson attack.
On 16 February 2012 Police arrested 10 people on charges of vandalising Hindu temples and attacking and injuring the law enforcers. One of the detainees, construction worker Mohammad Jashim, 30, gave a confessional statement at Chittagong's Judicial Magistrates' Court. Apart from Jashim, the detainees are Emdad Ullah, 32, Mohammad Lokman, 46, Mohammad Frid, 35, Mohammad Osman, 35, Mohammad Abu Taher, 40, Manzur Alam, 38, Mohammad Shafi, 38, Abdul Karim, 70, and Hajji Mohammad Badsha, 65.
High Court order
On 1 March 2012 The High Court ordered the government to restore the damaged temples, houses and shops in Hathazari to their previous state. The bench of justices A H M Shamsuddin Chowdhury and Sheikh Md Jahangir Hossain issued the orders and also summoned Hathazari Police Station officer-in-charge Samiul Islam and district superintendent ZA Morshed.
The duo appeared before the judges at the hearing. The court directed inspector general of police to supervise the case filed over the incidents.
The court directed the police chief to provide security within three days of restoring the damaged structures. He has been also ordered to investigate whether the Chittagong range deputy inspector general and assistant SP neglected their duty during the incident.
Advocate Abdul Matin Khosru argued for the ASP and OC while deputy attorney general A B M Altaf Hossain defended the government.
- 1962 Rajshahi massacres
- 1964 East-Pakistan riots
- 1971 Bangladesh genocide
- 1989 Bangladesh pogroms
- 1990 Bangladesh anti-Hindu violence
- 1992 Bangladesh violence
- 2012 Chirirbandar violence
- 2012 Fatehpur violence
- 2012 Ramu violence
- 2013 Bangladesh Anti-Hindu violence
- 2014 Bangladesh anti-Hindu violence
- Noakhali riots
- Persecution of indigenous peoples in Bangladesh
- Persecution of Hindus in Bangladesh
- Persecution of Buddhists in Bangladesh
- Persecution of Chakma buddhists
- Persecution of Ahmadis in Bangladesh
- Persecution of Christians in Bangladesh
- Persecution of atheists and secularists in Bangladesh
- Freedom of religion in Bangladesh
- Human rights in Bangladesh
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- Firoz, Shibly (17 February 2012). "মসজিদের দেয়াল ভাঙতে ৫০ টাকা দেওয়া হয় মিস্ত্রি জসিমকে". Samakal. Archived from the original on 9 September 2012. Retrieved 4 April 2012.
- "Temple set on fire, 3 others vandalised". New Age. 11 February 2012. Archived from the original on 11 March 2012. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
- "Punish those guilty in Hathazari violence". The Daily Star. 20 February 2012. Retrieved 4 April 2012.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 April 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "10 Muslim Goons arrested for vandalizing Hindu temples in Bangladesh HRDI : Human Rights Defense (International) : Defending Human Rights of Indian Diaspora". Retrieved 10 April 2016.
- "HC askes (sic) govt to restore Hathazari temples". The Daily Star. 2 March 2012. Retrieved 4 April 2012.
- "bdnews24.com". Archived from the original on 2 March 2012. Retrieved 10 April 2016.