Chittagong Division

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Chittagong Division
চট্টগ্রাম বিভাগ
Chattogram Division
Location of Chittagong in Bangladesh
Location of Chittagong in Bangladesh
Districts of Chittagong Division
Districts of Chittagong Division
Coordinates: 22°55′N 91°30′E / 22.917°N 91.500°E / 22.917; 91.500Coordinates: 22°55′N 91°30′E / 22.917°N 91.500°E / 22.917; 91.500
Country Bangladesh
Established1829
CapitalChittagong
Government
 • Divisional CommissionerMd. Kamrul hasan
Area
 • Total34,529.97 km2 (13,332.10 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 census)
 • Total28,423,019
 • Density820/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+6 (BST)
ISO 3166 codeBD-B
HDI (2018)0.611[1]
medium
Notable sport teamsChattogram Challengers, Chittagong Division, Chittagong Abahani
Websitewww.chittagongdiv.gov.bd

Chittagong Division, officially known as Chattogram Division, is geographically the largest of the eight administrative divisions of Bangladesh. It covers the south-easternmost areas of the country, with a total area of 33,909.00 km2 (13,092.34 sq mi)[2] and a population at the 2011 census of 28,423,019.^[6] The administrative division includes mainland Chittagong District, neighbouring districts and the Chittagong Hill Tracts.

Chittagong Division is home to Cox's Bazar, the longest natural sea beach in the world;[3][4] as well as St. Martin's Island, Bangladesh's sole coral reef.

History[edit]

The Chittagong Division was established in 1829 to serve as an administrative headquarters for five of Bengal's easternmost districts, with the Chittagong District serving as its headquarters.[5] During the East Pakistan period, the division's Tippera district was renamed to Comilla District in 1960.

In 1984, fifteen districts were created by separating and reducing the original five districts of Chittagong, Comilla, Hill Tracts, Noakhali and Sylhet:

Sylhet, Habiganj, Moulvibazar and Sunamganj district ceded from the Chittagong Division to join a newly-established Sylhet Division in 1995.

Administration[edit]

Chittagong Division is presently subdivided into eleven districts (zilas) and thence into 99 sub-districts (upazilas). The first six districts listed below comprise the north-western portion (37.6%) of the division, while the remaining five comprise the south-eastern portion (62.4%), the two portions being separated by the lower (or Bangladeshi) stretch of the Feni River; the upland districts of Khagrachhari, Rangamati and Bandarban together comprise that area previously known as the Chittagong Hill Tracts.

Name Capital Area (km2) Population
1991 Census
Population
2001 Census
Population
2011 Census
Brahmanbaria District Brahmanbaria 1,881.20 2,141,745 2,398,254 2,840,498
Comilla District Comilla 3,146.30 4,032,666 4,595,539 5,387,288
Chandpur District Chandpur 1,645.32 2,032,449 2,271,229 2,416,018
Lakshmipur District Lakshmipur 1,440.39 1,312,337 1,489,901 1,729,188
Noakhali District Maijdee 3,685.87 2,217,134 2,577,244 3,108,083
Feni District Feni 990.36 1,096,745 1,240,384 1,437,371
North of the Feni River
(proposed new Meghna Division)
Comilla 12,789.50 12,863,076 14,572,569 16,918,446
Khagrachhari District Khagrachhari 2,749.16 342,488 525,664 613,917
Rangamati District Rangamati 6,116.11 401,388 508,182 595,979
Bandarban District Bandarban 4,479.01 230,569 298,120 388,335
Chittagong District Chittagong 5,282.92 5,296,127 6,612,140 7,616,352
Cox's Bazar District Cox's Bazar 2,491.85 1,419,260 1,773,709 2,289,990
South of the Feni River
(proposed reduced Chittagong Division)
Chittagong 21,119.05 7,689,832 9,717,815 11,504,546
Total Districts 11 34,529.97 20,552,908 24,290,384 28,423,019

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Chittagong Division[6]
Religion Percent
Muslims
89.58%
Hindus
7.05%
Buddhists
3.05%
Others
0.32%

At the time of the 2011 census, the division had a population of 28,423,019. 89.58% were Muslims, 7.05% Hindus and 3.05% Buddhists.

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

Census figures for 1991, 2001 and 2011 are from Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Population Census Wing. The 2011 Census figures are based on preliminary results.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2021-07-08.
  2. ^ Ahmed Anam (2012). "Chittagong Division". In Islam, Sirajul; Miah, Sajahan; Khanam, Mahfuza; Ahmed, Sabbir (eds.). Banglapedia: the National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Online ed.). Dhaka, Bangladesh: Banglapedia Trust, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. ISBN 984-32-0576-6. OCLC 52727562. Retrieved 29 November 2021.
  3. ^ Ethirajan, Anbarasan (26 December 2012). "Bangladesh's Cox's Bazar: A paradise being lost?". BBC World. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
  4. ^ The Europa World Year Book 2003. Taylor & Francis. 2003. p. 679. ISBN 978-1-85743-227-5.
  5. ^ Webster, John Edward (1911). "History: Divisional Commissioners". Eastern Bengal and Assam District Gazetteers. 4. Noakhali. Allahabad: The Pioneer Press. p. 26.
  6. ^ "বাংলাদেশ পরিসংখ্যান ব্যুরো". http. Retrieved 2021-07-05.
 6. Bangladesh from wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bangladesh

External links[edit]