2018 Ouagadougou attacks

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2018 Ouagadougou attack
Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso by Planet Labs.jpg
The city of Ouagadougou
LocationOuagadougou, Burkina Faso
Date2 March 2018 (2018-03-02)
Target
  • French embassy
  • National army headquarters
  • French Institute
Attack type
Shooting, suicide car bombing
Deaths30
Non-fatal injuries
85
Perpetrators al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb

On 2 March 2018, at least eight heavily armed militants launched an assault on key locations throughout Ouagadougou, the capital city of Burkina Faso. Targets included the French embassy and the headquarters of Burkina Faso's military.[1]

Background[edit]

In the aftermath of the 2011 Libyan Civil War, militant attacks have increased due to a large influx of weapons and fighters into the region.[2][3] Neighbouring Mali faced conflict in Azawad that threatened to split the country. Since 2015, Burkina Faso has faced cross-border attacks and sporadic raids in its territory, the result of instability and unrest in neighboring countries.[4] Two major attacks have occurred in the capital Ouagadougou in recent years: In 2016, attacks on a hotel and restaurant killed 30 people, including foreigners; and in 2017, similar attacks killed 19 people, including foreigners. Both of these attacks were carried out by Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb.[5]

Burkina Faso also faced an uprising in 2014 leading to the downfall of President Blaise Compaoré later that year. Burkina Faso is a member of the Trans-Saharan Counterterrorism Partnership and its commitment of peacekeeping troops in Mali and Sudan has made it a target for extremists in the region.[6]

Attacks[edit]

At around 10:00 a.m., the attackers began their assault on the military headquarters, detonating a car bomb in an apparent attempt at targeting a meeting of senior officers. The blast destroyed one room in the building. Shortly after the assault on the army headquarters, gunmen converged on the French embassy, exchanging fire with local security forces and French special forces soldiers. The French Institute, a cultural organisation located in the city, was targeted as well according to an embassy statement.[7][8] Local police believes that "Islamic extremists" were behind the attack, which involved the use of gunfire and at least one car bomb.[9][10] Many of the gunmen were also reportedly wearing army uniforms.[11] Five of the militants were killed at the embassy, and at least three others were killed near the army headquarters, according to Communications Minister Remy Danjuinou.[12] Thirty people have been killed, and 85 others wounded.[13]

To the west of the capital, heavy smoke rose from the army joint chief of staff’s office, where unnamed witnesses reported loud explosions. Windows were broken there and in the surrounding buildings.[14]

Perpetrators[edit]

The day after the attack, the group Jama'at Nasr al-Islam wal Muslimin (JNIM), an affiliate group of Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb led by Iyad Ag Ghaly, claimed responsibility for the attack, calling it retaliation for a previous raid during Operation Barkhane by the French army in northern Mali.[15]

On 5 March, the group released a picture of the suicide bomber who detonated the explosives at the army headquarters, identifying him as Yunus al-Fulani.[16]

On 7 March, eight people were arrested in connection to the attack including two military officers.[17]

Reactions[edit]

 Burkina Faso: Prime Minister Paul Kaba Thieba condemned the attacks, labeling them "revolting."[18] In a statement, President Christian Kaboré said the country had again become the "target of dark forces.”[19] During a subsequent meeting with the presidents of Niger and Togo, Kaboré vowed to "end terrorism no matter what" and claimed "no sacrifice will be too high in the defense of our fatherland.”[20]

 Egypt: Egypt's Ministry of Foreign Affairs denounced the attacks in the "strongest terms." The Ministry released a statement expressing support for "the efforts of France and Sahel states in facing this phenomena that attacks security and stability worldwide."[21]

 France: French President Emmanuel Macron spoke by telephone with Burkinabe president Christian Kaboré to issue condolences and pledge his continuing support to the country.[22] French foreign minister Jean-Yves Le Drian announced that a "crisis unit" had been established and said that the security of French nationals in the region was "his priority."[23]

 Japan: Japan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a statement strongly condemning the attacks and expressing condolences to those affected. The statement went on to express the commitment of the Japanese government "to continue to support the efforts of the Government of Burkina Faso to improve the security situation in Burkina Faso, in cooperation with the international community."[24]

 Saudi Arabia: The Saudi foreign ministry condemned the attack, issued condolences to the victims, and reiterated the Kingdom's rejection of terrorism.[25]

 Turkey: Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said in a press conference while visiting neighboring Mali, "We strongly condemn the terrorist attacks that took place in Ouagadougou".[26]

 United Nations: United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres spoke over the phone with President Kaboré, and expressed his solidarity with Burkina Faso as well as his "profound sympathy." The UN Security Council called the attacks "barbaric and cowardly".[27]

 United States: In a statement condemning recent violence in West Africa, the White House expressed its "deepest sympathies" to the families of those killed and claimed that the attacks only served to "strengthen the resolve of the United States."[28] The State Department also issued a travel advisory, urging Americans to avoid Burkina Faso due to "terrorism."[29]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Burkina Faso attack: Gunmen strike in Ouagadougou". BBC News. 2 March 2018. Archived from the original on 3 March 2018. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  2. ^ "Collateral Damage: How Libyan Weapons Fueled Mali's Violence". Council on Foreign Relations. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  3. ^ Charbonneau, Louis (16 January 2012). "Arms from Libya could reach Boko Haram, al Qaeda: U.N." Reuters. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  4. ^ Editorial, Reuters (2015-10-09). "Gunmen kill three Burkina Faso gendarmes near Mali border". U.S. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  5. ^ "New security measures in Burkina capital after attacks". News24. 5 September 2017. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  6. ^ -, Press Release; -, Press Release; -, Press Release (2016-12-19). "Burkina Faso: Extremism & Counter-Extremism". Counter Extremism Project. Retrieved 2018-03-05.
  7. ^ Coulibaly, Nadoun (2 March 2018). "Attack on French embassy, army in Burkina Faso kills eight". U.S. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  8. ^ Smith-Spark, Laura; Vandoorne, Saskya (2 March 2018). "French Embassy attacked in Burkina Faso's capital". CNN. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  9. ^ Beaumont, Peter (2 March 2018). "Burkina Faso: series of attacks launched in Ouagadougou". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  10. ^ Pérez-Peña, Richard; Barry, Jaime Yaya (16 January 2016). "Militants Carry Out Deadly Attacks in Burkina Faso". The New York Times. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  11. ^ "Ex-Burkina Faso Soldier May Have Been in Extremist Attacks". US News & World Report (in Aragonese). 2018-03-04. Retrieved 2018-03-04.
  12. ^ "Army HQ, French embassy attacked in Burkina Faso capital of Ouagadougou". France 24. 2 March 2018. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  13. ^ Chazan, David (2018-03-02). "At least 30 dead as French embassy comes under attack in Burkina Faso". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 2018-03-03.
  14. ^ Ouadraogo, Brahima (2 March 2018). "Extremists stage deadly attacks in Burkina Faso capital". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2 March 2018.
  15. ^ "Jihadist group JSIM claims Burkina Faso attacks". France 24. 2018-03-03. Retrieved 2018-03-03.
  16. ^ "Al-Qaida-linked group releases photo of Burkina Faso bomber". Washington Post. 2018-03-05. Retrieved 2018-03-06.
  17. ^ AfricaNews (2018-03-07). "Eight arrested after Burkina Faso double attack". Africanews. Retrieved 2018-03-07.
  18. ^ "Burkina Faso PM condemns twin attack". euronews. 2018-03-03. Retrieved 2018-03-04.
  19. ^ "Dozens dead in attacks on Burkina military HQ, French Embassy". The Japan Times. 2018-03-03. Retrieved 2018-03-04.
  20. ^ "Burkina Faso leader pledges to fight jihadists after attacks". Vanguard News. 2018-03-06. Retrieved 2018-03-06.
  21. ^ "Egypt condemns 'in strongest terms' twin attacks against French embassy, army HQ in Burkina Faso - Politics - Egypt - Ahram Online". english.ahram.org.eg. March 3, 2018. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  22. ^ "The Latest: UN Chief Condemns Terror Attacks in Burkina Faso". US News & World Report. 2 March 2018. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  23. ^ "Minister". France in the United Kingdom – La France au Royaume-Uni. 2018-03-02. Retrieved 2018-03-04.
  24. ^ Maruyama, Norio (March 3, 2018). "[Press Releases] The Terrorist Attacks in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso" (in Japanese). Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. Retrieved 5 March 2018.
  25. ^ "Saudi Arabia Condemns French Embassy Attack In Burkina Faso". Independent Newspapers Nigeria. 2018-03-04. Retrieved 2018-03-04.
  26. ^ AfricaNews (2018-03-03). "Turkish President Erdogan condemns attack on Burkina Faso". Africanews. Retrieved 2018-03-04.
  27. ^ "UN chief, Security Council, strongly condemn Burkina Faso terrorist attacks". UN News. 2018-03-03. Retrieved 2018-03-04.
  28. ^ Bowden, John (2018-03-02). "US condemns 'brutal' attacks in West Africa". TheHill. Retrieved 2018-03-04.
  29. ^ Editorial, Reuters (2018-03-03). "U.S. urges citizens to reconsider Burkina Faso travel". AF. Retrieved 2018-03-04.