Jean-Yves Le Drian

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Jean-Yves Le Drian
Conférence-débat de Jean-Yves Le Drian, ministre de la Défense, et John Chambers président du Conseil d’administration de Cisco Systems le Mardi 18 octobre 2016 à L'Ecole polytechnique (29792458914).jpg
Minister of Europe and Foreign Affairs
Assumed office
17 May 2017
Prime MinisterÉdouard Philippe
Preceded byJean-Marc Ayrault
President of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe
Assumed office
17 May 2019
Preceded byTimo Soini
President of the
Regional Council of Brittany
In office
18 December 2015 – 2 June 2017
Preceded byPierrick Massiot
Succeeded byLoïg Chesnais-Girard
In office
2 April 2004 – 29 June 2012
Preceded byJosselin de Rohan
Succeeded byPierrick Massiot
Minister of Defence
In office
16 May 2012 – 10 May 2017
Prime MinisterJean-Marc Ayrault
Manuel Valls
Bernard Cazeneuve
Preceded byGérard Longuet
Succeeded bySylvie Goulard
Secretary of State for the Sea
In office
16 May 1991 – 2 April 1992
PresidentFrançois Mitterrand
Prime MinisterÉdith Cresson
Preceded byJacques Mellick
Succeeded byCharles Josselin
Mayor of Lorient
In office
4 July 1981 – 2 April 1998
Preceded byJean Lagarde
Succeeded byNorbert Métairie
Member of the National Assembly
for Morbihan
In office
12 June 1997 – 19 June 2007
Preceded byMichel Godard
Succeeded byFrançoise Olivier-Coupeau
Constituency5th
In office
3 April 1978 – 1 April 1991
Preceded byYves Allainmat
Succeeded byPierre Victoria
Constituency5th (1978–1986)
At-large (1986–1988)
5th (1988–1991)
Personal details
Born (1947-06-30) 30 June 1947 (age 72)
Lorient, France
NationalityFrench
Political partySocialist Party (1974–2018)
Independent (2018–present)
Alma materUniversity of Rennes 2

Jean-Yves Le Drian (French pronunciation: ​[ʒã.iv lə.dʁi.jã]; born 30 June 1947) is a French politician serving as Minister of Europe and Foreign Affairs since 2017. He previously was Minister of Defence from 2012 to 2017 under President François Hollande.[1][2] He was nominated by Emmanuel Macron to serve as Foreign Minister in the First Philippe government on 17 May 2017. A former member of the Socialist Party, he has been an Independent since 2018.

Family and education[edit]

Jean-Yves Le Drian was born in Lorient to working-class parents, Jean and Louisette, who were active members of the Young Christian Workers (Jeunesse ouvrière chrétienne, JOC). He completed his studies at the University of Rennes 2, where he was an activist for the Union Nationale des Étudiants de France (UNEF).[1] First of all interested by Breton Democratic Union (UDB) in the 1970s, he joined the Socialist Party (PS) in May 1974.[3]

Political career[edit]

Early functions[edit]

In 1977, he assumed the position of Deputy Mayor of Lorient; one year later, at the age of 30, he became a member of the National Assembly for Morbihan. He served until 1993 and then again from 1997 until 2007.[4] He became Mayor of Lorient in 1981 and retained the office until 1988; he also served as Secretary of State for the Sea under President François Mitterrand from 1991 to 1992.

In the 2004 regional elections, leading the Bretagne à gauche, Bretagne pour tous (PS-PCF-PRG-Les Verts-UDB) list, he won 58.66% of the vote in the runoff and a total of 58 seats in the Regional Council of Brittany. He thus became President of the Regional Council of Brittany. In October 2010 he became President of the Conference of Peripheral Maritime Regions of Europe (CPMR).[5]

Minister of Defence[edit]

Jean-Yves Le Drian at École Polytechnique in 2015, with Emmanuel Macron, then Minister of the Economy, Industry and Digital Affairs
Le Drian with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, 2016

He was nominated to serve as Minister of Defence under President François Hollande on 16 May 2012.[5] He managed the withdrawal of French troops from Afghanistan and the deployment of French troops in the Northern Mali conflict and Operation Barkhane. He is also credited with leading a resurgence in French weapons' exports that have resulted in billions of euros in deals, including the first exports of the Dassault Rafale fighter jet.[6]

On 23 March 2017, Le Drian endorsed Emmanuel Macron's candidacy for President of the Republic.[7] After Macron won the presidential election, he appointed Le Drian as Foreign Minister in the First Philippe government.

Minister of Europe and Foreign Affairs[edit]

Le Drian remained in office when the Second Philippe government was inaugurated; on 8 March 2018, he officially resigned from the Socialist Party.

In August 2019, Le Drian called on Hong Kong authorities to renew talks with Hong Kong protesters to find a peaceful solution to the current crisis.[8] On 9 October 2019, Le Drian condemned the unilateral Turkish operation in Northeastern Syria and declared that Turkey's military incursion "is jeopardising the anti-Islamic State coalition’s security and humanitarian efforts and is a risk for the security of Europeans".[9]

Awards and honours[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Actualité – Personnalité – Jean-Yves Le Drian". Le Point. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
  2. ^ "CV: Jean-Yves LE DRIAN" (PDF). European Commission. 25 January 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 February 2014.
  3. ^ Raynaudon-Kerzerho, Maiwenn (1 March 2014). "L'Union démocratique bretonne : un demi-siècle de lutte pour l'autonomie" [The Breton Democratic Union: half a century of fight for the autonomy]. Bretons (in French) (96). Vannes/Gwened, Brittany: Les Éditions Blanc et Noir. p. 38. ISSN 0245-9507.
  4. ^ "Monsieur Jean-Yves LE DRIAN" Le Trombinoscope 29 May 2008, a commercial biographical database in French.
  5. ^ a b "Jean-Yves Le Drian is the new French Minister for Defence". Conference of Peripheral Maritime Regions of Europe. 18 May 2012. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 20 January 2013.
  6. ^ Factbox: Ministers in new French government Reuters, May 17, 2017.
  7. ^ "French election: Defence Minister Le Drian defects to Macron". BBC. 23 March 2017. Retrieved 23 March 2017.
  8. ^ Jones, Gareth (15 August 2019). "France urges Hong Kong authorities to renew dialogue with protesters". Yahoo news.
  9. ^ "France says Turkey operation jeopardises security and humanitarian efforts". 9 October 2019.
  10. ^ "Real Decreto 1093/2015, de 4 de diciembre por el que se concede la Gran Cruz de la Orden de Isabel la Católica Jean-Yves Le Drian, Ministro de Defensa de la República Francesa". BOE (Spanish Official Journal). 5 December 2015. Retrieved 18 February 2016.
  11. ^ "RDes C130J franco-allemands bientôt à Evreux". defense.gouv.f. 14 April 2017. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
  12. ^ "Le Drian décoré par le président égyptien" [Le Drian decorated by the Egyptian President] (in French). Le Figaro. 28 February 2017.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Gérard Longuet
Minister of Defence
2012–2017
Succeeded by
Sylvie Goulard
Preceded by
Jean-Marc Ayrault
Minister of Europe and Foreign Affairs
2017–present
Incumbent