22d Attack Squadron

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22d Attack Squadron
Air Combat Command.png
Active1941–1943; 1965–1988; 1988–1991; 2012–present
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
RoleUnmanned aerial vehicle operation
EngagementsEuropean Theater of Operations
Vietnam War[1]
DecorationsPresidential Unit Citation
Air Force Meritorious Unit Award
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award with Combat "V" Device
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
Republic of Vietnam Gallantry Cross with Palm
Vietnam First Class Civil Actions Medal With Palm[1]
Insignia
22d Reconnaissance Sq emblem (approved 8 March 1989, modified 6 January 2014)[1]22 Reconnaissance Sq emblem.png
22d Tactical Air Support Training Squadron emblem22 Tactical Air Support Training Sq emblem.png
22d Tactical Air Support Squadron emblem (1987)[2]22 Tactical Air Support Sq emblem.png
Patch with 22d Tactical Air Support Squadron emblem (Early)22d Tactical Air Support Squadron - Emblem.png
Patch with 46th Bombardment Squadron emblem (approved 8 January 1943)[3]46th Bombardment Squadron - 22d Antisubmarine Squadron emblem.png
Right front view of two OV-10 Bronco aircraft from the 22nd Tactical Air Support Squadron, Wheeler Field, Hawaii, as pre-flight operations take place during Exercise Opportune Journey 84.
See 46th Bomb Squadron for the Strategic Air Command squadron

The 22d Attack Squadron is an active United States Air Force unit.

It has been in active service on five different occasions, and saw combat service in the early years of World War II and in the Vietnam War. [4]

History[edit]

World War II[edit]

The squadron was first activated at March Field, California in January 1941 as the 46th Bombardment Squadron, one of the three original squadrons of the 41st Bombardment Group. The squadron moved to Davis-Monthan Field, Arizona and trained there with Douglas B-18 Bolos. Following the attack on Pearl Harbor, the squadron moved to Muroc Bombing Range and conducted antisubmarine patrols off the Pacific Coast from bases in California until the summer of 1942.[3][5]

The squadron moved to the Atlantic Coast in July 1942 and its air echelon was attached to Army Air Forces Antisubmarine Command in October and continued its patrols in this area. The squadron formally joined Antisubmarine Command in March 1943, when it became the 22d Antisubmarine Squadron (Heavy) equipped with B-24. In June, 1943 the air echelon moved to England, conducting operations over the Bay of Biscay. The ground echelon remained in the United States and was inactivated in October 1943 as US Navy assumed the antisubmarine mission. The squadron assisted in the transition until the air echelon was disbanded in November.[3]

Antisubmarine patrol flights were conducted in the squadron's assigned areas, producing a situation map that was continuously updated with enemy and friendly forces, convoys, and other pertinent information. The antisubmarine patrols also produced an enemy dispersion chart showing the disposition of all known enemy submarines in the entire Atlantic area.[citation needed]

Vietnam War[edit]

The 22d Tactical Air Support Squadron (Light) organized at Binh Thuy Air Base, South Vietnam, on 8 May 1965. It provided aircrews in Vietnam to direct air strikes for tactical aircraft operating within the Tactical Air Control System. Visual reconnaissance, convoy escort, and other missions were conducted as directed by the Tactical Air Commander, and aircraft and maintenance were provided in support of these operations within IV Corps, Republic of Vietnam, as directed by Seventh Air Force. The squadron provided aircraft and personnel in support of the Theater Indoctrination School, and field and transient maintenance support of USAF aircraft at Binh Thuy Air Base. The 22nd operated the Cessna 0–1 aircraft, 1965–1971; and the Cessna 0–2 aircraft, 1967–1971. In January 1970, 22nd TASS completed the turn over of all its forward operating locations in IV Corps and handed its mission of supporting the Vietnamese Army in IV Corps to the Vietnamese Air Force. It relocated its headquarters to Bien Hoa Air Base in III Corps. 19th Tactical Air Support Squadron, also based at Bien Hoa, transferred to 22nd TASS all the personnel, aircraft and other equipment supporting the Vietnamese ground forces in III Corps. 19th TASS retained for itself the assets supporting the American ground forces in the region. Within a year, 22nd TASS completed in III Corps the task it had accomplished in IV Corps. It turned over control of all the forward operating locations and the mission of supporting the Vietnamese ground forces based in III Corp to the Vietnamese Air Force. On 15 January 1971, the remaining personnel and other resources of the 22d were absorbed by the 19th TASS, and the 22d was unmanned and non-operational until it transferred W/O/P/E to Wheeler Air Force Base, Hawaii, on 15 May 1971.[citation needed]

Over the course of the war, the 22d suffered four killed in action.[6] Aircraft losses were 13 O-1 Bird Dogs and three Cessna O-2 Skymasters.[7]

Hawaii service[edit]

At Wheeler the 22d, using the Cessna 0–2, organized, trained, and equipped assigned personnel to provide the Air Force Component Commander with a joint force, capable of operating and maintaining a tactical air support subsystem for ground forces requiring close air support, tactical air reconnaissance, and tactical airlift.

The squadron also provided Direct Air Support Center and Tactical Air Control Party personnel and equipment to support US Army units in Hawaii. During 1982, the 22d participated in a number of exercises and prepared plans for conversion to the OV-10. Converted to the OV-10 aircraft, August–October 1983. Supported U.S. Army on the ground with TACPs creating a network which provided the Army with immediate air support and, in the air, with OV-10 forward air control support. Participated in numerous exercises with US and allied army ground units throughout the Far East.

It was inactivated on 22 September 1988. It was then redesignated 22d Tactical Air Support Training Squadron on 1 October 1988 and reactivated on 14 October 1988. Its inactivation was on 30 September 1991.[4]

Lineage[edit]

22d Antisubmarine Squadron
  • Constituted as the 46th Bombardment Squadron (Medium) on 20 November 1940
Activated on 15 January 1941
Redesignated: 22d Antisubmarine Squadron (Heavy) on 3 March 1943
Disbanded on 11 November 1943
  • Reconstituted and consolidated with the 22d Tactical Air Support Squadron as the 22d Tactical Air Support Squadron on 19 September 1985[1]


22d Attack Squadron
  • Constituted as the 22d Tactical Air Support Squadron, Light and activated on 26 April 1965 (not organized)
Organized on 8 May 1965
  • Consolidated with the 22d Antisubmarine Squadron on 19 September 1985[1]
Inactivated on 22 September 1988
  • Redesignated 22d Tactical Air Support Training Squadron on 1 October 1988
Activated on 14 October 1988
Inactivated on 30 September 1991
  • Redesignated 22d Reconnaissance Squadron
Activated on 10 September 2012
Redesignated 22d Attack Squadron on 15 May 2016[1]

Assignments[edit]

Stations[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Bailey, Carl E. (June 24, 2016). "Factsheet 22 Attack Squadron (ACC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved January 25, 2018.
  2. ^ "Approved insignia for: 33nd [sic] Tactical Air Support Squadron". National Archives Catalog. November 30, 1987. Retrieved January 25, 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d e Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 114-115
  4. ^ a b Kimbrough, Kenneth L. "22nd TASS". squawk-flash.org. Archived from the original on 14 July 2015. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
  5. ^ Maurer, Combat Units, pp. 97-98
  6. ^ Hobson, pp. 53, 152, 171, 187.
  7. ^ Hobson, p. 253.
  8. ^ a b Station number in Anderson.
  9. ^ "22nd Reconnaissance Squadron". Flightline Insignia. 2017. Retrieved March 13, 2017.

Bibliography[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

External links[edit]