237 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
237 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 237 BC
Ab urbe condita 517
Ancient Egypt era XXXIII dynasty, 87
- Pharaoh Ptolemy III Euergetes, 10
Ancient Greek era 135th Olympiad, year 4
Assyrian calendar 4514
Balinese saka calendar N/A
Bengali calendar −829
Berber calendar 714
Buddhist calendar 308
Burmese calendar −874
Byzantine calendar 5272–5273
Chinese calendar 癸亥(Water Pig)
2460 or 2400
    — to —
甲子年 (Wood Rat)
2461 or 2401
Coptic calendar −520 – −519
Discordian calendar 930
Ethiopian calendar −244 – −243
Hebrew calendar 3524–3525
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −180 – −179
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2864–2865
Holocene calendar 9764
Iranian calendar 858 BP – 857 BP
Islamic calendar 884 BH – 883 BH
Javanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 2097
Minguo calendar 2148 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −1704
Seleucid era 75/76 AG
Thai solar calendar 306–307
Tibetan calendar 阴水猪年
(female Water-Pig)
−110 or −491 or −1263
    — to —
(male Wood-Rat)
−109 or −490 or −1262

Year 237 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Caudinus and Flaccus (or, less frequently, year 517 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 237 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • Hamilcar Barca's success in defeating the mercenaries results in a growth in his strength as leader of Carthage's popular party and support for his proposed invasion of the Iberian Peninsula. However, as spokesman for the landed nobility, Hanno opposes the policy of foreign conquest pursued by Hamilcar Barca.
  • Nevertheless, Hamilcar Barca leads a Carthaginian army in an invasion of the Iberian Peninsula with the aim of building a base from which war with Rome can be renewed. By skilful generalship and able diplomacy, Hamilcar extends Carthaginian dominion over many Spanish tribes.