272 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
272 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 272 BC
Ab urbe condita 482
Ancient Egypt era XXXIII dynasty, 52
- Pharaoh Ptolemy II Philadelphus, 12
Ancient Greek era 127th Olympiad (victor
Assyrian calendar 4479
Balinese saka calendar N/A
Bengali calendar −864
Berber calendar 679
Buddhist calendar 273
Burmese calendar −909
Byzantine calendar 5237–5238
Chinese calendar 戊子(Earth Rat)
2425 or 2365
    — to —
己丑年 (Earth Ox)
2426 or 2366
Coptic calendar −555 – −554
Discordian calendar 895
Ethiopian calendar −279 – −278
Hebrew calendar 3489–3490
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −215 – −214
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2829–2830
Holocene calendar 9729
Iranian calendar 893 BP – 892 BP
Islamic calendar 920 BH – 919 BH
Javanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 2062
Minguo calendar 2183 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −1739
Seleucid era 40/41 AG
Thai solar calendar 271–272
Tibetan calendar 阳土鼠年
(male Earth-Rat)
−145 or −526 or −1298
    — to —
(female Earth-Ox)
−144 or −525 or −1297
The Roman republic in 272 BC (dark and light red, pink, orange and beige).

Year 272 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Cursor and Maximus (or, less frequently, year 482 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 272 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Seleucid Empire[edit]


Roman Republic[edit]

  • Pyrrhus' departure from southern Italy three years earlier leads to the Samnites finally being conquered by the Romans. With the surrender of Tarentum, the cities of Magna Graecia in southern Italy come under Roman influence and become Roman allies. Rome now effectively dominates all of the Italian peninsula.


  • Cleonymus, a Spartan of royal blood who has been outcast by his fellow Spartans, asks the King of Macedonia and Epirus, Pyrrhus, to attack Sparta and place him in power. Pyrrhus agrees to the plan, but intends to win control of the Peloponnese for himself. As a large part of the Spartan army led by king Areus I is in Crete at the time, Pyrrhus has great hopes of taking the city easily, but the citizens organise stout resistance, allowing one of Antigonus II's commanders, Aminias the Phocian, to reach the city with a force of mercenaries from Corinth. Soon after this, the Spartan king, Areus, returns from Crete with 2,000 men. These reinforcements stiffen Spartan resistance and Pyrrhus, finding that he is losing men to desertion every day, breaks off the attack and starts to plunder the country.
  • As they plunder the countryside, Pyrrhus and his troops move onto Argos. Entering the city with his army by stealth, Pyrrhus finds himself caught in a confused battle with the Argives (who are supported by Antigonus' forces) in the narrow city streets. During the confusion an old woman watching from a rooftop throws a roof tile at Pyrrhus which stuns him, allowing an Argive soldier to kill him.
  • Following his death in Argos, Pyrrhus is succeeded as king of Epirus by his son Alexander II while Antigonus II Gonatas regains his Macedonian throne which he has lost to Pyrrhus two years earlier.


  • The Mauryan emperor, Bindusara, sends the Mauryan army to conquer the southern kingdoms. Kadamba is conquered


  • First emperor defeats Lo Pan.