272 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
272 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar272 BC
Ab urbe condita482
Ancient Egypt eraXXXIII dynasty, 52
- PharaohPtolemy II Philadelphus, 12
Ancient Greek era127th Olympiad (victor
Assyrian calendar4479
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−864
Berber calendar679
Buddhist calendar273
Burmese calendar−909
Byzantine calendar5237–5238
Chinese calendar戊子年 (Earth Rat)
2425 or 2365
    — to —
己丑年 (Earth Ox)
2426 or 2366
Coptic calendar−555 – −554
Discordian calendar895
Ethiopian calendar−279 – −278
Hebrew calendar3489–3490
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−215 – −214
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2829–2830
Holocene calendar9729
Iranian calendar893 BP – 892 BP
Islamic calendar920 BH – 919 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar2062
Minguo calendar2183 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1739
Seleucid era40/41 AG
Thai solar calendar271–272
Tibetan calendar阳土鼠年
(male Earth-Rat)
−145 or −526 or −1298
    — to —
(female Earth-Ox)
−144 or −525 or −1297
Roman expansion in Italy from 500 BC to 218 BC through the Latin War (light red), Samnite Wars (pink/orange), Pyrrhic War (beige), and First and Second Punic War (yellow and green). The Roman Republic in 272 BC is marked with dark and light red, pink, orange and beige.

Year 272 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Cursor and Maximus (or, less frequently, year 482 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 272 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Seleucid Empire[edit]


Roman Republic[edit]

  • Pyrrhus' departure from southern Italy three years earlier leads to the Samnites finally being conquered by the Romans. With the surrender of Tarentum, the cities of Magna Graecia in southern Italy come under Roman influence and become Roman allies. Rome now effectively dominates all of the Italian peninsula.


  • Cleonymus, a Spartan of royal blood who has been outcast by his fellow Spartans, asks the King of Macedonia and Epirus, Pyrrhus, to attack Sparta and place him in power. Pyrrhus agrees to the plan, but intends to win control of the Peloponnese for himself. As a large part of the Spartan army led by king Areus I is in Crete at the time, Pyrrhus has great hopes of taking the city easily, but the citizens organise stout resistance, allowing one of Antigonus II's commanders, Aminias the Phocian, to reach the city with a force of mercenaries from Corinth. Soon after this, the Spartan king, Areus, returns from Crete with 2,000 men. These reinforcements stiffen Spartan resistance and Pyrrhus, finding that he is losing men to desertion every day, breaks off the attack and starts to plunder the country.
  • As they plunder the countryside, Pyrrhus and his troops move onto Argos. Entering the city with his army by stealth, Pyrrhus finds himself caught in a confused battle with the Argives (who are supported by Antigonus' forces) in the narrow city streets. During the confusion an old woman watching from a rooftop throws a roof tile at Pyrrhus which stuns him, allowing an Argive soldier to kill him.
  • Following his death in Argos, Pyrrhus is succeeded as king of Epirus by his son Alexander II while Antigonus II Gonatas regains his Macedonian throne which he has lost to Pyrrhus two years earlier.


  • The Mauryan emperor, Bindusara, sends the Mauryan army to conquer the southern kingdoms. Kadamba is conquered.