368 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
368 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 368 BC
Ab urbe condita 386
Ancient Egypt era XXX dynasty, 13
- Pharaoh Nectanebo I, 13
Ancient Greek era 103rd Olympiad (victor
Assyrian calendar 4383
Balinese saka calendar N/A
Bengali calendar −960
Berber calendar 583
Buddhist calendar 177
Burmese calendar −1005
Byzantine calendar 5141–5142
Chinese calendar 壬子(Water Rat)
2329 or 2269
    — to —
癸丑年 (Water Ox)
2330 or 2270
Coptic calendar −651 – −650
Discordian calendar 799
Ethiopian calendar −375 – −374
Hebrew calendar 3393–3394
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat −311 – −310
 - Shaka Samvat N/A
 - Kali Yuga 2733–2734
Holocene calendar 9633
Iranian calendar 989 BP – 988 BP
Islamic calendar 1019 BH – 1018 BH
Javanese calendar N/A
Julian calendar N/A
Korean calendar 1966
Minguo calendar 2279 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −1835
Thai solar calendar 175–176
Tibetan calendar 阳水鼠年
(male Water-Rat)
−241 or −622 or −1394
    — to —
(female Water-Ox)
−240 or −621 or −1393

Year 368 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Tribunate of Cornelius, Praetextatus, Structus, Capitolinus, Crassus and Cicurinus (or, less frequently, year 386 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 368 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • While the previous year's intervention by the Macedonians in Thessaly is successful, after the Macedonian troops withdraw, Alexander of Pherae treats his subjects as cruelly as before. So the Thessalians seek Thebes' support. Pelopidas is sent to their assistance, but is treacherously seized and imprisoned.
  • In response, Epaminondas is reinstated in command of Theban troops and leads the Theban army into Thessaly, where he outmanoeuvres the Thessalians and secures the release of Pelopidas without a fight.
  • At the instigation of Alexander's brother-in-law, Ptolemy of Aloros, Alexander II of Macedon is assassinated during a festival. Although Alexander's brother, Perdiccas III becomes the next king, he is under age, and Ptolemy is appointed regent.


By topic[edit]


  • Plato's Republic is completed. It lays down the rules for an ideal, righteous society and suggests that kings ought to be philosophers (or at least taught by philosophers).