368 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
368 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar368 BC
Ab urbe condita386
Ancient Egypt eraXXX dynasty, 13
- PharaohNectanebo I, 13
Ancient Greek era103rd Olympiad (victor
Assyrian calendar4383
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−960
Berber calendar583
Buddhist calendar177
Burmese calendar−1005
Byzantine calendar5141–5142
Chinese calendar壬子年 (Water Rat)
2330 or 2123
    — to —
癸丑年 (Water Ox)
2331 or 2124
Coptic calendar−651 – −650
Discordian calendar799
Ethiopian calendar−375 – −374
Hebrew calendar3393–3394
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−311 – −310
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga2733–2734
Holocene calendar9633
Iranian calendar989 BP – 988 BP
Islamic calendar1019 BH – 1018 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar1966
Minguo calendar2279 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1835
Thai solar calendar175–176
Tibetan calendar阳水鼠年
(male Water-Rat)
−241 or −622 or −1394
    — to —
(female Water-Ox)
−240 or −621 or −1393

Year 368 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time, it was known as the Year of the Tribunate of Cornelius, Praetextatus, Structus, Capitolinus, Crassus and Cicurinus (or, less frequently, year 386 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 368 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]


  • While the previous year's intervention by the Macedonians in Thessaly is successful, after the Macedonian troops withdraw, Alexander of Pherae treats his subjects as cruelly as before. So the Thessalians seek Thebes' support. Pelopidas is sent to their assistance, but is treacherously seized and imprisoned.
  • In response, Epaminondas is reinstated in command of Theban troops and leads the Theban army into Thessaly, where he outmanoeuvres the Thessalians and secures the release of Pelopidas without a fight.
  • At the instigation of Alexander's brother-in-law, Ptolemy of Aloros, Alexander II of Macedon is assassinated during a festival. Although Alexander's brother, Perdiccas III becomes the next king, he is under age, and Ptolemy is appointed regent.


By topic[edit]


  • Plato's Republic is completed. It lays down the rules for an ideal, righteous society and suggests that kings ought to be philosophers (or at least taught by philosophers).