38M Toldi

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38M Toldi
Insignia, number plate, tank, General Military Vehicle Emblem, track, aerial, automobile, Hungarian brand, military Fortepan 72478 crop.jpg
Command 38M Toldi I or II with antenna
TypeLight tank
Place of originKingdom of Hungary
Service history
Used byKingdom of Hungary
WarsWorld War II
Production history
Produced1939–1942
No. built202
VariantsToldi I, Toldi II, Toldi IIa, Toldi III
Specifications
WeightToldi I: 8.5 t
Toldi IIa: 9.3 t
Length4.75 m (15 ft 7 in)
Width2.14 m (7 ft 0 in)
Height1.87 m (6 ft 2 in)
Crew3

ArmourToldi I: 20 mm maximum
Toldi II: 35 mm
Main
armament
20 mm gun (Toldi I and Toldi II)
40 mm gun (Toldi IIa and Toldi III)
Secondary
armament
1x 8 mm machine gun
EngineBüssing-NAG V8 7.9 litres
155 bhp
Operational
range
200 km (120 mi)
Speed47 km/h (29 mph) on road
Steering
system
clutch braking (all variants)

The 38M Toldi was a Hungarian light tank, based on the Swedish Landsverk L-60 tank. It was named after the 14th century Hungarian knight Miklós Toldi.

Production history[edit]

The 38M Toldi was produced and developed under license from Swedish company AB Landsverk between 1939 and 1942. Only 202 were produced.

Variants[edit]

  • Toldi I (k.hk. A20) - first variant armed with a 20 mm Solothurn anti-tank rifle[1], 80 made.
  • Toldi II (k.hk. B20) - variant with thicker front armour, 110 made.
  • Toldi IIa (k.hk. B40) - modification developed in 1942, armed with 40 mm gun - 80 tanks of earlier variant were rearmed this way.
  • Toldi III (k.hk. C40) - improved variant, only 12 made.

Combat history[edit]

Toldi tanks entered Hungarian service in 1940. They first saw action with the Hungarian Army against Yugoslavia in 1941.

These tanks were mostly used against the USSR between 1941 and 1944. Because of their light armour, armament and good communications equipment, they were mostly used for reconnaissance. The design was not effective in head-on engagements with Soviet T-34 medium tanks encountered during the early stages of Operation Barbarossa.

Survivors[edit]

Two known surviving 38M Toldi tanks (one Toldi I and one Toldi IIa) are preserved on display at the Kubinka Tank Museum.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zaloga, Steven J. (2018). The Anti-Tank Rifle. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing. p. 22. ISBN 978-1-4728-1722-8.

External links[edit]