396th Bombardment Group

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

396th Bombardment Group
Color Photographed B-17E in Flight.jpg
B-17 as used by the 396th Group for training
Active1943–1944
CountryUnited States
BranchUnited States Army Air Forces
Roleheavy bomber training

The 396th Bombardment Group is a former United States Army Air Forces unit. It was active during World War II as a Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress operational training unit, training newly organized units, then as a replacement training unit for aircrews. It was inactivated in 1944 in a general reorganization of Army Air Forces training units..

History[edit]

The 396th Bombardment Group was activated at Mountain Home Army Air Field, Idaho on 16 February 1943 with the 592d, 593d, 594th and 595th Bombardment Squadrons assigned.[1][2][3][4] After initial organization and equipping with Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress heavy bombers, the group moved to Moses Lake Army Air Base, Washington. There the 396th acted as an Operational Training Unit (OTU) for B-17 units. The OTU program involved the use of an oversized parent unit to provide cadres to "satellite groups"[5] In August 1943, the unit's mission changed to being a Replacement Training Unit (RTU).[1] Like OTUs, RTUs were oversized units. Their mission, however was to train individual pilots or aircrews.[5]

In November 1943, the 396th moved to Drew Field, Florida, where it would remain for the duration of its active service.[1] However, the Army Air Forces was finding that standard military units, based on relatively inflexible tables of organization were not well adapted to the training mission. Accordingly it adopted a more functional system in which each base was organized into a separate numbered unit.[6] The 592d was inactivated on 1 May 1944 at Drew Field, Florida.[1] Its personnel and equipment became part of the 326th AAF Base Unit.[7]

Lineage[edit]

  • Constituted as the 396th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 29 January 1943
Activated on 16 February 1943.
Inactivated on 1 May 1944[1]

Assignments[edit]

Components[edit]

  • 592d Bombardment Squadron: 19 January 1943 – 1 May 1944[2]
  • 593d Bombardment Squadron: 19 January 1943 – 1 May 1944[3]
  • 594th Bombardment Squadron: 19 January 1943 – 1 May 1944[4]
  • 595th Bombardment Squadron: 19 January 1943 – 1 May 1944[4]

Stations[edit]

  • Mountain Home Army Air Field, Idaho, 16 February 1943
  • Moses Lake Army Air Base, Washington, 10 April 1943
  • Drew Field, Florida, 5 November 1943 – 1 May 1944[1]

Aircraft[edit]

  • Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress, 1943-1944[1]

Campaign[edit]

Campaign Streamer Campaign Dates Notes
World War II - American Campaign Streamer (Plain).png American Theater without inscription 19 January 1943 – 1 May 1944 [1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Maurer, Combat Units, p. 283
  2. ^ a b Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 676
  3. ^ a b Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 676-677
  4. ^ a b c Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 677
  5. ^ a b Craven & Cate, Introduction, p. xxxvi
  6. ^ Goss, p. 75
  7. ^ See Mueller, p. 351 (simultaneous inactivation of 396th Bombardment Group units and organization of 326th Base Unit).

Bibliography[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  • Craven, Wesley F; Cate, James L, eds. (1955). The Army Air Forces in World War II (PDF). Vol. VI, Men & Planes. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. LCCN 48003657. OCLC 704158. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
    Goss, William A. (1955). "The Organization and its Responsibilities, Chapter 2 The AAF". In Craven, Wesley F; Cate, James L. (eds.). The Army Air Forces in World War II (PDF). Vol. VI, Men & Planes. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. LCCN 48003657. OCLC 704158. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  • Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) [1961]. Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  • Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) [1969]. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  • Mueller, Robert (1989). Air Force Bases, Vol. I, Active Air Force Bases Within the United States of America on 17 September 1982 (PDF). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-53-6. Retrieved 17 December 2016.

External links[edit]