V Bomber Command
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|V Bomber Command|
|Active||14 November 1941 – 8 October 1948|
|Branch||United States Army Air Forces|
|Type||Command and Control|
|Brig. Gen. Kenneth Walker (KIA)
Brig. Gen. Howard K. Ramey (MIA)
During World War II the unit initially controlled Fifth Air Force bomber units in the Philippines. It was largely destroyed in the Battle of the Philippines (1941–42), and withdrew to Australia at the end of December 1941, although elements of some units remained in the Philippines until April 1942. Re-equipped, the command provided command and control authority of Army Air Force bombardment organizations within the Fifth Air Force Area of Responsibility (AOR).
Afterward, served with the occupation force in Japan before being inactivated in 1946.
- Constituted as V Bomber Command on 28 October 1941
- Activated on 14 November 1941
- Inactivated on 31 May 1946
- Disbanded on 8 October 1948
- Fifth Air Force, 14 November 1941 – 8 October 1948
*Note; Does not include periods detached to combat wings
Participated in the defense of the Philippines in December 1941. Late in December the remaining bombers and some men were evacuated to Australia, and in January 1942 they were moved to Java to help delay the Japanese advance in the Netherlands Indies.
The command ceased to function in March 1942 (the AAF bombardment organizations in the Southwest Pacific being under the control of American-British-Dutch-Australian Command (ABDA) and later Allied Air Forces). Headquarters was remanned in September 1942 and shortly afterward it assumed control of AAF bombardment groups in Australia and New Guinea.
The command served in combat with Fifth Air Force until the end of the war. Brigadier General Kenneth N. Walker, who was killed during a mission over Rabaul on 5 January 1943, was awarded the Medal of Honor; he had repeatedly taken part in combat missions and had developed an effective technique for bombing when opposed by enemy interceptors and antiaircraft fire. After the war the command became part of the occupation force for Japan. Inactivated on 31 May 1946. Disbanded on 8 October 1948.
- Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.