|Millennium:||1st millennium BC|
|64 BC by topic|
|Gregorian calendar||64 BC|
|Ab urbe condita||690|
|Ancient Egypt era||XXXIII dynasty, 260|
|- Pharaoh||Ptolemy XII Auletes, 17|
|Ancient Greek era||179th Olympiad (victor)¹|
|Balinese saka calendar||N/A|
|Chinese calendar||丙辰年 (Fire Dragon)|
2633 or 2573
— to —
丁巳年 (Fire Snake)
2634 or 2574
|Coptic calendar||−347 – −346|
|Ethiopian calendar||−71 – −70|
|- Vikram Samvat||−7 – −6|
|- Shaka Samvat||N/A|
|- Kali Yuga||3037–3038|
|Iranian calendar||685 BP – 684 BP|
|Islamic calendar||706 BH – 705 BH|
|Minguo calendar||1975 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||248/249 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||479–480|
63 or −318 or −1090
— to —
64 or −317 or −1089
Year 64 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Caesar and Figulus (or, less frequently, year 690 Ab urbe condita). The denomination 64 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
- Pompey destroys the kingdom of Pontus; king Mithridates VI commits suicide after escaping to the Crimea.
- Pompey annexes Syria and captures Jerusalem, annexing Judea.
- King Antiochus XIII Asiaticus is deposed and killed by the Syrian chieftain Sampsiceramus I – this is considered by some the end of the Seleucid Dynasty.
- 64 BC Syria earthquake, mentioned in catalogues of historical earthquakes. It affected the region of Syria and may have caused structural damage in the city of Jerusalem.
- Marcus Valerius Messalla Corvinus, Roman general and consul (d. AD 8)
- Nicolaus of Damascus, Jewish historian and philosopher (approximate date)
- Implications of some early Jewish sources for estimates of earthquake hazard in the Holy Land. Annals of Geophysics 47. 759–792. Accessed 2020-04-02. . 2004.