65th Street Yard
The 65th Street Yard, also Bay Ridge Rail Yard, is a rail yard on the Upper New York Bay in Sunset Park, Brooklyn. Equipped with two transfer bridges which allow rail cars to be loaded and unloaded onto carfloats, the last of once extensive car float operations in the Port of New York and New Jersey. Located adjacent to the Brooklyn Army Terminal, it provided a major link in the city's rail freight network in the first half of the twentieth century. It was later used as a conventional railroad yard at the end of the LIRR/NY&A Bay Ridge Branch. The new transfer bridges were constructed in 1999, but remained unused until the transfer bridges were activated in July 2012.
The yard was originally operated by the New Haven. It originally had four electrically operated car float bridges of the Overhead Suspension Contained Apron type (French Patent) and were named in alphabetical order from south to north: "Abie", "Benny", "Charlie" and "Davy". These four transfer bridges handled more than 1000 cars per day from the 1920s to the 1950s. Traffic subsequently declined and the yard was abandoned in 1968, after the New Haven was absorbed in the creation of Penn Central and float operations were ended by PC. The four transfer bridges bridges were removed in the 1970.
Around circa 1978, the New York Dock Railway installed a pontoon supported pony plate girder float bridge, moved from Erie Railroad's West 28th Street Yard in Manhattan. The bridge referred as Brooklyn Army Terminal float bridge, abbreviated BAT, was used until about 1990. Its main purpose was to keep the 65th Street Yard accessible while the First Avenue was reconstructed and the yard could therefore not be reached from the Bush Terminal. The wreck of the bridge is still in the water just off the northwest corner of the yard.
In 1981 the 65th Street Yard was purchased by the City and State of New York, which paid $2.5 million for the 24-acre site, and the transfer bridges were rebuilt in 1999 at a cost of $20 million.
The new transfer bridges appear to be a simplified design: single two track span with no apron, overhead gantry, counterbalanced with electrically operated span hoist. The design appears to be a variant of the type seen on the West Coast and possibly an improvement on the design of the transfer bridge located at the Independent Subway "IND" 207th Street Yard in Manhattan.
However these two new transfer bridges had remained unused for car float operations since the New York Cross Harbor Railroad, the successor of New York Dock Railway, abandoned plans to move its operation from Bush Terminal at 50th Street to the 65th Street Yard due to financial disputes between the city and the Railroad.
The New York Cross Harbor Railroad moved rail cars by carfloat to and from Greenville Yard in Jersey City. It was purchased in 2006 by Mid Atlantic New England Rail, LLC, which renamed the railroad to New York New Jersey Rail, LLC (NYNJ). In 2008 the railroad was bought by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey The Port Authority also started the restoration of the 65th Street Yard for use by NYNJ in 2011 as part of a $118.1 million investment for the restoration of the existing rail car float system operating between Greenville and sites at 51st and 65th Streets in Brooklyn, N.Y., including the purchase of Greenville Yard.
In July 2012 the 65th Street Yard was reopened, with one transfer bridge in use with the other kept in a stand by mode. Carfloat operation moved from Bush Terminal to the 65th Street Yard. The goal of NYNJ is to increase the traffic from the actual 1,600 cars to 23,000 cars by 2017. In the future commodities shall include fruit, home heating oil and new cars.
- Rail freight transportation in New York City and Long Island
- South Brooklyn Railway
- Cross-Harbor Rail Tunnel
- Bay Ridge Branch
- South Brooklyn Marine Terminal
- Development of the Carfloat Transfer Bridge in New York Harbor
- Industrial, Offline Terminal and Rail-Marine Operations of Brooklyn, Queens, Staten Island, Bronx & Manhattan
- Benjamin Miller (November 2005). "An Evaluation of New York’s Full Freight Access Program and Harlem River Intermodal Rail Yard Project" (PDF). CUNY Institute for Urban Systems. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
- "Bay Ridge LIRR". trainsarefun.com.
- Steve Lynch. "Bay Ridge Branch". Long Island Rail Road History Archive. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
- Hu, Winnie (July 19, 2012). "Rail Yard Reopens as City’s Freight Trains Rumble Into Wider Use". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-08-18.
- Fried, Joseph P. (August 31, 2000). "Operator Sought for Rebuilt Brooklyn Rail Yard". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-12-27.
- "Bay Ridge Brooklyn - Resurrected Former LIRR Freight Terminal / Failed(?) "Stimulus"". flickr. 2011-10-22. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
- "Top Officials and Stakeholders Meet to Launch Project That Will Study Regional Freight Movement Issues" (Press release). Port Authority of New York and New Jersey. November 13, 2008. Retrieved October 29, 2011.
- "South Brooklyn Railway". trainweb.com.
- "Port Authority Board Approves Purchase and Redevelopment of Greenville Yards, Including a Barge-to-Rail Facility to Take Trucks Off the Road" (Press release). Port Authority of New York & New Jersey. May 18, 2010. Retrieved 2011-12-27.