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Regular octaexon
7-simplex t0.svg
Orthogonal projection
inside Petrie polygon
Type Regular 7-polytope
Family simplex
Schläfli symbol {3,3,3,3,3,3}
Coxeter-Dynkin diagram CDel node 1.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.pngCDel 3.pngCDel node.png
6-faces 8 6-simplex6-simplex t0.svg
5-faces 28 5-simplex5-simplex t0.svg
4-faces 56 5-cell4-simplex t0.svg
Cells 70 tetrahedron3-simplex t0.svg
Faces 56 triangle2-simplex t0.svg
Edges 28
Vertices 8
Vertex figure 6-simplex
Petrie polygon octagon
Coxeter group A7 [3,3,3,3,3,3]
Dual Self-dual
Properties convex

In 7-dimensional geometry, a 7-simplex is a self-dual regular 7-polytope. It has 8 vertices, 28 edges, 56 triangle faces, 70 tetrahedral cells, 56 5-cell 5-faces, 28 5-simplex 6-faces, and 8 6-simplex 7-faces. Its dihedral angle is cos−1(1/7), or approximately 81.79°.

Alternate names[edit]

It can also be called an octaexon, or octa-7-tope, as an 8-facetted polytope in 7-dimensions. The name octaexon is derived from octa for eight facets in Greek and -ex for having six-dimensional facets, and -on. Jonathan Bowers gives an octaexon the acronym oca.[1]


The Cartesian coordinates of the vertices of an origin-centered regular octaexon having edge length 2 are:

\left(\sqrt{1/28},\ \sqrt{1/21},\ \sqrt{1/15},\ \sqrt{1/10},\ \sqrt{1/6},\ \sqrt{1/3},\ \pm1\right)
\left(\sqrt{1/28},\ \sqrt{1/21},\ \sqrt{1/15},\ \sqrt{1/10},\ \sqrt{1/6},\ -2\sqrt{1/3},\ 0\right)
\left(\sqrt{1/28},\ \sqrt{1/21},\ \sqrt{1/15},\ \sqrt{1/10},\ -\sqrt{3/2},\ 0,\ 0\right)
\left(\sqrt{1/28},\ \sqrt{1/21},\ \sqrt{1/15},\ -2\sqrt{2/5},\ 0,\ 0,\ 0\right)
\left(\sqrt{1/28},\ \sqrt{1/21},\ -\sqrt{5/3},\ 0,\ 0,\ 0,\ 0\right)
\left(\sqrt{1/28},\ -\sqrt{12/7},\ 0,\ 0,\ 0,\ 0,\ 0\right)
\left(-\sqrt{7/4},\ 0,\ 0,\ 0,\ 0,\ 0,\ 0\right)

More simply, the vertices of the 7-simplex can be positioned in 8-space as permutations of (0,0,0,0,0,0,0,1). This construction is based on facets of the 8-orthoplex.


7-Simplex in 3D
Uniform polytope 3,3,3,3,3,3 t0.jpg
Model created using straws (edges) and plasticine balls (vertices) in triakis tetrahedral envelope
7-Simplex as an Amplituhedron Surface
7-simplex to 3D with camera perspective showing hints of its 2D Petrie projection
orthographic projections
Ak Coxeter plane A7 A6 A5
Graph 7-simplex t0.svg 7-simplex t0 A6.svg 7-simplex t0 A5.svg
Dihedral symmetry [8] [7] [6]
Ak Coxeter plane A4 A3 A2
Graph 7-simplex t0 A4.svg 7-simplex t0 A3.svg 7-simplex t0 A2.svg
Dihedral symmetry [5] [4] [3]

Related polytopes[edit]

This polytope is a facet in the uniform tessellation 331 with Coxeter-Dynkin diagram:

CDel nodea 1.pngCDel 3a.pngCDel nodea.pngCDel 3a.pngCDel nodea.pngCDel 3a.pngCDel branch.pngCDel 3a.pngCDel nodea.pngCDel 3a.pngCDel nodea.pngCDel 3a.pngCDel nodea.png

This polytope is one of 71 uniform 7-polytopes with A7 symmetry.


  1. ^ Richard Klitzing, 7D uniform polytopes (polyexa), x3o3o3o3o3o - oca

External links[edit]