77th Brigade (United Kingdom)
Brigade emblem, the Chinthe
|Active||1 September 2014|
|Part of||Force Troops Command|
|Brigadier Daniel Reeve|
The 77th Brigade is a British Army formation, created in January 2015 by renaming the Security Assistance Group which was created under the Army 2020 concept. It is based at Denison Barracks in Hermitage, Berkshire and became operational in April 2015.
The brigade was named the 77th in tribute to the 77th Indian Infantry Brigade, which was part of the Chindits, an Indian Army guerilla warfare force led by Orde Wingate who used unorthodox tactics against the Japanese in Burma in World War II. The formation badge of the revived 77th show a mythical Burmese creature in reference to the Chindits.
The first 77th Brigade was raised as part of the new army also known as Kitchener's Army and assigned to the 26th Division and served on the Western Front and the Macedonian Front during the First World War. Some of the past units include:
- 8th Battalion, Royal Scots Fusiliers
- 11th Battalion, Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)
- 10th Battalion, Black Watch
- 12th Battalion, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
- 77th Machine Gun Company
- 77th SAA Section Ammunition Column
- 77th Trench Mortar Battery
Role and composition
The Security Assistance Group (SAG)'s mission was to work with cross-Whitehall agencies to achieve the goals of Defence Engagement and Building Stability Overseas Strategies. 77th Brigade was created to draw together a host of existing and developing capabilities essential to meet the challenges of modern conflict and warfare, the unit's objectives will be similar to that of the SAG. Specifically, it is to:
Provide support to other government departments in the aim to achieve stability overseas; lead on special influence methods; build military capacity in all stages of conflict.
The SAG aimed to have a full strength of 453 military and civilian personnel and occasionally, personnel from the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Department for International Development and the Stabilisation Unit may be attached to the Brigade or work with it, of this total there will be 440 military posts in the brigade with up to 42% of these being reservists. A recent freedom of information answer in December 2016 stated that the liability of the brigade was 182 regular and 266 reserve but current strength is only 153 regular and 123 reserve.
The current structure is as follows:
On 11 October 2018, it was announced that a 'Cultural Property Protection Unit' would also be set up as part of the 77th Brigade.
One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text published under the British Open Government Licence:
Initially under the Security Assistance Group, the formation included the following units:
- Headquarters Element
- Media Operations Group (MOG) - Media Operations
- Security Capacity Building Team (SCBT) - Military Capacity Building
- 15 Psychological Operations Group (15 POG) - Psychological Warfare
- Military Stabilisation Support Group (MSSG) - Stabilisation and Conflict Prevention
In July 2015 and October 2015, these units were reshaped into six 'Columns'.
- No.1 Column - Planning support focusing on the behavioural analysis of actors, audiences and adversaries
- No.2 Column - Provided reachback support to deployed operations
- No.3 Column - Provided deployable specialists to other parts of the Armed Forces and other Government organisations
- No.4 Column - Provided professional specialists in Security Capacity Building
- No.5 Column - Media operations and Civil Affairs
- No.7 Column - The Engineer and Logistic Staff Corps (Structure formed in October 2015)
The Brigade participated in a two-week disaster relief exercise in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It deployed to the Philippines in April 2015 to assist the Philippines Government in developing their contingency plans for natural disasters. 77th Brigade has formed a formal partnership with the 361st Civil Affairs Brigade, US Army Europe.
- "Newsletter" (PDF). The Military Survey (Geographic) Association. Summer 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- "Generals December 2018" (PDF). Retrieved 2 December 2018.
- "Army revives Chindits as 'Facebook warriors' for smart battle". Financial Times. Retrieved 11 February 2015.
- "Information Warfare:Written question - 225283". UK Parliament. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
- "Transforming the British Army" (PDF). Ministry of Defence. p. 13. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- MacAskill, Ewan (31 January 2015). "British army creates team of Facebook warriors". The Guardian. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- "BBC News - Army sets up new brigade 'for information age'". BBC News. 31 January 2015. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- "26th Division". The Long Long Trail. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
- "Headquarters Force Troops Command". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- "The British Army Journal 2014" (PDF). British Army. pp. 121–122. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 August 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- "Land Power in future conflict". British Army. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- "The British Army 2014" (PDF). pp. 120–122, 135–137. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 August 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
- "Freedom of Information Request" (PDF). Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
- "FOIA 2016/0962/77961" (PDF). Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
- "77th Brigade". mod.uk. Retrieved 30 November 2017.
- Squires, Nick (11 October 2018). "British Army starts recruiting for revived Monuments Men unit to protect art and archaeology in war". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
- "Military Stabilisation Support Group". gov.uk. Archived from the original on 27 December 2014. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
- "77th Brigade". mod.uk (via archive.org). Retrieved 4 December 2018.
- Fogden, Steve. "Rfm. Ramkrishna Limbu IDSM, including the story of Vivian Weatherall". Chindit Chasing, Operation Longcloth 1943. Retrieved 6 September 2016.
- Young, Frank. "Chindits 1st Expedition 1943 Operation Longcloth". Chindits Special Force Burma. Retrieved 6 September 2016.
- "77th Brigade: Natural Disasters Response Training". Forces TV. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- Jones, Greg (12 November 2015). "21st Theater Sustainment Command forges UK partnership". United States Army. Retrieved 6 September 2016.