7 July 2005 London bombings memorials and services

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2005 London bombings

Main articles
Timeline of the 2005 London bombings
7 July 2005 London bombings
21 July 2005 London bombings
Jean Charles de Menezes
Reactions to the 2005 London bombings
21 July 2005 London bombings trial

7 July bombers
Mohammad Sidique Khan · Shehzad Tanweer
Germaine Lindsay · Hasib Hussain

21 July bombers
Yasin Hassan Omar · Osman Hussain
Muktar Said Ibrahim · Ramzi Mohammed

Locations
London Underground
Aldgate · Tavistock Square
King's Cross · Liverpool Street · Oval
Russell Square · Shepherd's Bush
Warren Street

Similar events
List of Islamist terrorist attacks
List of attacks on the London Underground


Londoners in Trafalgar Square on the evening of 14 July 2005
The London Memorial Garden set up by the City of Westminster in the Victoria Embankment Park, in remembrance of the victims of the terrorist attacks of 7 July 2005.[1]
The Palazzo Valentini (the provincial seat of government in Rome) mourning the London Bombings. The posters read: "The Province of Rome. Close to the suffering of London".

Following the events of the 7 July 2005 London bombings, the United Kingdom and other nations have devised many ways to honour the dead and missing. Most of these memorials included moments of silence, candle-lit vigils, and laying of flowers at the bombing sites. Foreign leaders have also honoured the dead by ordering their flags to be half-staffed, signed books of condolences at embassies of the United Kingdom, and issued messages of support and condolences to the British people.

United Kingdom[edit]

  • The government ordered the Union Flag to be flown at half-mast on 8 July.[2]
  • On 9 July, the Bishop of London led prayers for the victims during a service paying tribute to the role of women during World War II.
  • A Vigil for the Victims of the London Bombings was held from 5pm on Saturday 9 July, at Friends Meeting House garden, Euston Road, opposite Euston station, London, UK. The vigil was called by Stop the War Coalition, Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament and Muslim Association of Britain.
  • A two-minute silence for the victims of the bombings was held on 14 July 2005 throughout Europe.[3]
  • On 14 July, thousands attended a vigil at 18:00 on Trafalgar Square. After an initial silence there was a series of speakers for the next two hours. Chief Rabbi Sir Jonathan Sacks speaking of London said: "It has the courage not to give terror the victory of making us angry and in our anger lose the values that make us what we are. Let that courage unite us now." His words were echoed by many of the other speakers.
  • A memorial service was held at St Paul's Cathedral, on 1 November 2005.[4]
  • A two-minute silence was held at 12:00 BST on 7 July 2006 across the country to commemorate those who died, or who were affected by the events.[5]
  • A permanent memorial was opened by Charles, Prince of Wales on 7 July 2009, four years after the bombings, in Hyde Park, London.[6]
A plaque commemorating the victims of the Route 30 bus during the 2005 London bombings

International[edit]

Condolence Books[edit]

Flag Half-staffing[edit]

  •  Canada - All federal government buildings and establishments across Canada, including the Peace Tower, and in the United Kingdom.[9]
  •  New Zealand - Prime Minister Helen Clark requested that flags in New Zealand fly at half mast the day following the bombings.[10]
  •  France - President Jacques Chirac requested that flags in France fly at half mast for 3 days.

Moments of Silence[edit]

Services[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (20 August 2005). "Bombings Memorial Garden Closes". BBC.co.uk. Retrieved 4 September 2007.
  2. ^ (7 July 2005). "Union Flag to Fly at Half-Mast". UTV. Retrieved 4 September 2007.
  3. ^ (10 July 2005). "Europe to Mark Tragedy With Two Minutes of Silence". The Guardian. Retrieved 4 September 2007.
  4. ^ (1 November 2005). "Tributes Paid to Bombing Victims". BBC.co.uk. Retrieved 4 September 2007.
  5. ^ (7 July 2006). "Nation Remembers 7 July Victims". BBC.co.uk. Retrieved 4 September 2007.
  6. ^ Tributes paid at 7 July memorial
  7. ^ (7 July 2005). "U.S. raises terror alert for transit systems - 7 July 2005". CNN.com. Retrieved 16 April 2008.
  8. ^ (8 July 2005). "President Signs Book of Condolence at British Embassy". whitehouse.gov. Retrieved 16 April 2008.
  9. ^ (1 September 2005). "Half Masting of the Flag". Canadian Heritage. Retrieved 4 September 2007.
  10. ^ (8 July 2005). "No Known New Zealand Casualties in London". tvnz.co.nz. Retrieved 4 September 2007.
  11. ^ (12 July 2005). "Government Calls for Two Minutes Silence". Department of the Taoiseach. Retrieved 4 September 2007.
  12. ^ (13 July 2005). "Spain Royal Guard Honours London". BBC.co.uk. Retrieved 4 September 2007.