847 Naval Air Squadron
|847 Naval Air Squadron|
|Type||Land based and amphibious squadron|
|Part of||Fleet Air Arm|
|Motto||Ex Alto Concutimus
(Latin: "We Strike From On High")
|Equipment||AgustaWestland Wildcat AH.1|
|Battle honours||East Indies 1944
847 Naval Air Squadron is a squadron of the Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm. It operates AgustaWestland Wildcat AH.1 helicopters and provides armed reconnaissance and light transport support to 3 Commando Brigade Royal Marines. Along with 845, 846 and 848 naval air squadrons, it forms part of the Commando Helicopter Force. The squadron was re-formed from 3 Commando Brigade Air Squadron on 1 September 1995.  
Operations in the Far East in the 1960s
The squadron served in support of the Royal Marines during the 1960s in the Far East initially (1963) with the Westland Whirlwind HAS.7 and later with the Westland Wessex HU.5. For some time the squadron was based ashore at HMS Simbang, at Sembawang in Singapore. The squadron stood down in 1971.
847 Naval Air Squadron was reformed to take part in the Falklands campaign on 4 May 1982, operating 24 Westland Wessex HU.5 helicopters :279 with Royal Naval personnel recruited mainly from RNAS Yeovilton. The aircraft were transported from the United Kingdom to the South Atlantic aboard RFA Engadine and the container vessel Atlantic Causeway.[Note 1]
Atlantic Causeway disembarked 12 Wessexes of 847 NAS on 1 June 1982, with the detachment from Engadine arriving on 9 June. The squadron's Wessexes, together with those of 845 NAS initially operated from San Carlos and provided much needed transport support to the advance of British forces on Port Stanley, with forward operating bases being set up at Teal Inlet and Fitzroy.:280,2 After the surrender of Argentine forces on the Falklands on 14 June, 847 NAS relocated to Navy Point, a headland directly north of Port Stanley. 847 NAS remained in the Falklands until September 1982, providing air support to UK Forces.:282
847 NAS was one of the longest serving units to see action in the Falklands war, spending some 4 months on the islands in total, and leading some members of the squadron to refer to the unit as "84-who?" The squadron was disbanded on 24 September 1982.:283
1995 to the present
847 NAS reformed at RNAS Yeovilton with Royal Marines aircrews and REME engineers on 1 September 1995, from 3 Commando Brigade Air Squadron, as a tactical support unit for the Royal Marines Commandos with Westland Lynx AH.7 and Westland Gazelle AH.1 helicopters. The squadron has been active in Sierra Leone and in Kosovo.
The most significant deployment of recent years was to Operation Telic in Iraq in which it participated in the Battle of Basra. On 6 May 2006, one of the squadron's Lynxes, XZ6140, was shot down over Basra in Iraq, by a surface-to-air missile (a Man Portable Air Defence System), killing 5 service personnel on board. Among the 5 killed were 847's commanding officer, Lieutenant Commander Darren Chapman; Wing Commander Coxen, who had been due to take command of the region's British helicopter forces, and Flight Lieutenant Sarah-Jayne Mulvihill; Coxen was the most senior British officer to die in the conflict and Mulvihill was the first British servicewoman to die in action in 22 years. This was the first British helicopter and only the second British aircraft downed (the first was an RAF Hercules) due to enemy fire, in the war. At the crash scene, British troops reportedly encountered rioting Iraqi civilians and were fired on by militia, while civilians were killed in the ensuing clashes. The crash led to a review of the vulnerability of helicopter transports in southern Iraq.
In 2005, the Gazelle reconnaissance helicopter was retired from service with the squadron.
Later, the Lynx AH.7s were replaced with the Lynx AH.9A variant, by the unit between May 2011 and Summer 2012.
From September 2008 the unit was deployed to Camp Bastion as part of Operation Herrick for a 7-month deployment supporting troops on the ground and aerial movements. The unit returned in January 2011 for 5 months and again during January 2013 for 5 months.
- 847 NAS Affiliations, UK MoD, 2014, retrieved 3 Oct 2014
- Defence Council Instructions, Royal Navy (PDF) (Report). Royal Navy. 12 May 1995. Retrieved 3 Oct 2014.
- Lt Gen Sir Robert Ross KCB OBE (28 Jul 1995). Royal Marines Routine Orders (PDF) (Report). Royal Marines. Retrieved 3 Oct 2014.
- 847 squadron, Helicopter History Site, 2014, retrieved 4 Oct 2014
- Burden, Rodney A.; Draper, Michael I.; Rough, Douglas A.; Smith, Colin R.; Wilton, David (1986). Falklands: The Air War. British Aviation Research Group. ISBN 0-906339-05-7.
- Burden et al. 1986, p. 280.
- "847 NAS - Facts". Royal Navy. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
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