Abdominal migraine is a disorder primarily of children which presents with episodes of abdominal pain without an accompanying headache. It is difficult to confirm the diagnosis as there are not a set of features that is specific and thus it can take time before the diagnosis is made. The condition is rare in adults.
The diagnosis of abdominal migraines is controversial. Diagnostic criteria from the ICHD2 are:
- A. At least 5 attacks fulfilling criteria B-D.
- B. Attacks of abdominal pain lasting 1–72 hours (untreated or unsuccessfully treated)
- C. Abdominal pain has all of the following characteristics:
- 1. midline location, periumbilical or poorly localized
- 2. dull or "just sore" quality
- 3. moderate or severe intensity
- D. During abdominal pain at least 2 of the following:
- 1. anorexia
- 2. nausea
- 3. vomiting
- 4. pallor
- E. Not attributed to another disorder— International Classification of Headache Disorders
This condition was first described in 1921 by Buchanan.
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