Adrian Jorisszen Tienpoint
Adriaen Jorissen Thienpoint or Tienpoint (born in Saardam, North Holland) was a Dutch sea captain-explorer who commanded several ships to the newly developing colonies of New Netherland and New Sweden as well as other holdings of the Dutch Empire in North America in the early 17th century.
In 1624, Tienpoint sailed the Eendracht to New Netherland on behalf of the Dutch West India Company. Soon thereafter Cornelius Jacobsen May arrived with the ship Nieu Netherlandt. at Nut Island in the Upper New York Bay. Passengers were dispersed to settlements at Kievet's Hook on the Connecticut River, Fort Wilhelmus on the Delaware River, and the first permanent Dutch settlement in North America, Fort Orange at present day Albany, New York.
According to John Romeyn Brodhead, Cornelius Jacobsen May was appointed as the first Director of the colony, with Adrian Joris as second in command. May hastened south to oversee construction of Fort Nassau on the South River to forestall French incursions. Tienpont was left in command of Fort Orange and was called its 'governor' in dispositions of an early settler taken in 1685 and 1688.
He acted as deputy for Director of New Netherland Willem Verhulst. Tienpoint negotiated covenants with Native American (Seneca, Cayugas, Iroquois, Oneidas, Onondagas, and Mohawks) in the Hudson Valley that were instrumental in establishing the Dutch fur trade, mostly in beaver pelts, in North America.
Tienpont skippered the Meeuwken which arrived in port in May 1626. Aboard was Peter Minuit, the new director of the nascent colony. In 1637, Tienpont captained the ship Fågel Grip as part of the first expedition from Sweden to the Delaware Valley led by Minuit.
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- Jacobs, Jaap (April 11, 1989). "De Scheepvaart en handel van de Nederlandse Republiek op Nieuw- Nederland 1609-1675 (Shipping and trade of the Dutch Republic in New Netherland 1609-1675)" (in Dutch). Leiden: Rijksuniversiteit Leiden (master's thesis).
- "Ships Known to have left the Netherlands for the New World". Olive Tree Genealogy. Retrieved 2013-06-05.
- Tully, William B. (1884), "Town of Old Saybrook", The History of Middlesex County 1635-1885, J. H. Beers & Co., p. 282
- Jacobs, Jaap (2005), New Netherland: A Dutch Colony In Seventeenth-Century America, Leiden: Brill, p. 30, ISBN 978-90-04-12906-1
- This account, in which Tienpoint is referred to as the "governor" of the colony and commanding the settlement expedition, is derived from the Depositions of Catelina Trico (14 February 1685 and 17 October 1688) in O'Callaghan, E. B. Documentary History of the State of New York Arranged Under Direction of the Hon. Christopher Morgan, Secretary of State. 4 volumes (Albany, New York: Weed, Parsons & Co., 1849-1851) III:49-51.
- Brodhead, John Romeyn. History of the State of New York, Harper & Brothers, New York, 1853
- Trelease, Allen W. (1960), Indian Affairs in Colonial New York: The Seventeenth Century by Allen W. Trelease, University of Nebreska Press, ISBN 978-0-8032-9431-8,
The original command at Fort Orange had been given to one Adriaen Jorrissen Thienpont, but by 1626 the commissary there was Daniel van Kreickenbeeck.
- Veersteeg, Dingman; Michaëlius, Jonas (1904), Manhattan in 1628 as Described in the Recently Discovered Autograph Letter of Jonas Michaëlius, Written from the Settlement on the 8th of August of that Year and Now First Published: With a Review of the Letter and an Historical Sketch of New Netherland to 1628, Dodd Mead, p. 174
- Andrews, Elisha Brown (1894), History of the United States (Complete),
By this company were sent out Mey, as Director, to the Delaware or South River, and Teinpont, to the Hudson or North River. Four miles below Philadelphia Fort Nassau was erected and where Albany now stands was begun the trading-post called Fort Orange.
- Winsor, Justin. Narrative and Critical History of America. (Boston: Houghton, Mifflin & Company, 1884), 398; describes Tienpoint as the colony's Director of the Hudson River valley settlements while Mey was director to the South River, or Delaware River valley settlements.
- Barreveld, Dirk (2001), From New Amsterdam to New York: The Founding of New York by the Dutch in July 1625, iUnverse, p. 93, ISBN 978-0-595-19890-0,
Adriean Jorriszen Teinpont acted as deputy director in case he, Verhlst, was not around.
- The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, 95, The New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, 1964, p. 56, retrieved 2013-05-28
- Moeller, Roger W. (1985), Journal of Middle Atlantic Archaeology, 1–18, Bethlehem: Archaeolgy Services, p. 101
- Dolin, Eric Jay. Fur, Fortune, and Empire: The Epic History of the Fur Trade in America. (New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2011), passim.
- "Ships". rabbel.nl. Retrieved 2013-06-05.
- Goodwin, Maude Wilder (1921), Dutch and English on the Hudson, New Haven: Yale University Press
- "1637 The Bird Griffin". Rootsweb.Ancestry.com. Retrieved 2013-06-03.
- "Expeditionerna till Nya Sverige". Nya Sverige i Nordamerika (in Swedish). Retrieved 2013-06-03.