Aeon

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The word aeon /ˈɒn/, also spelled eon (in American and Australian English[1][2]), originally meant "life", "vital force" or "being", "generation" or "a period of time", though it tended to be translated as "age" in the sense of "ages", "forever", "timeless" or "for eternity". It is a Latin transliteration from the ancient Greek word wikt:αἰών (ho aion), from the archaic αἰϝών (aiwon) meaning "century". In Greek, it literally refers to the timespan of one hundred years. Its latest meaning is more or less similar to the Sanskrit word kalpa and Hebrew word olam. A cognate Latin word aevum or aeuum (cf. αἰϝών) for "age" is present in words such as longevity and mediaeval.[3]

Although the term aeon may be used in reference to a period of a thousand million years (especially in geology, cosmology and astronomy), its more common usage is for any long, indefinite period. Aeon can also refer to the four aeons on the geologic time scale that make up the Earth's history, the Hadean, Archean, Proterozoic, and the current aeon, Phanerozoic.

Astronomy and cosmology[edit]

In astronomy an aeon is defined as a billion years (109 years, abbreviated AE).[4]

Roger Penrose uses the word aeon to describe the period between successive and cyclic Big Bangs within the context of conformal cyclic cosmology.[5]

Philosophy and mysticism[edit]

In Buddhism, an "aeon" or mahakalpa (Sanskrit: महाकल्प) is often said to be 1,334,240,000 years, the life cycle of the world.[6]

Plato used the word aeon to denote the eternal world of ideas, which he conceived was "behind" the perceived world, as demonstrated in his famous allegory of the cave.

Christianity's idea of "eternal life" comes from the word for life, zōḗ (ζωή), and a form of aión (αἰών)[citation needed], which could mean life in the next aeon, the Kingdom of God, or Heaven, just as much as immortality, as in John 3:16.[unbalanced opinion?]

According to Christian universalism, the Greek New Testament scriptures use the word aión (αἰών) to mean a long period and the word aiṓnion (αἰώνιον) to mean "during a long period";[7] Thus there was a time before the aeons, and the aeonian period is finite. After each person's mortal life ends, they are judged worthy of aeonian life or aeonian punishment. That is, after the period of the aeons, all punishment will cease and death is overcome and then God becomes the all in each one (1Cor 15:28). This contrasts with the conventional Christian belief in eternal life and eternal punishment.

Occultists of the Thelema and O.T.O. (English: "Order of the Temple of the East") traditions sometimes speak of a "magical Aeon" that may last for perhaps as little as 2,000 years.[8]

Aeon may also be an archaic name for omnipotent beings, such as gods.

Gnosticism[edit]

In many Gnostic systems, the various emanations of God, who is also known by such names as the One, the Monad, Aion teleos ("The Broadest Aeon", Greek αἰών τέλεος ), Bythos ("depth or profundity", Greek βυθός), Proarkhe ("before the beginning", Greek προαρχή), Arkhe ("the beginning", Greek ἀρχή), Sophia ("wisdom"), and Christos ("the Anointed One"), are called Aeons. In the different systems these emanations are differently named, classified, and described, but the emanation theory itself is common to all forms of Gnosticism.

In the Basilidian Gnosis they are called sonships (υἱότητες huiotetes; singular: υἱότης huiotes); according to Marcus, they are numbers and sounds; in Valentinianism they form male/female pairs called "syzygies" (Greek συζυγίαι, from σύζυγοι syzygoi).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Macquarie Dictionary". www.macquariedictionary.com.au. Retrieved 2022-01-28.
  2. ^ "Macquarie Dictionary". www.macquariedictionary.com.au. Retrieved 2022-01-28.
  3. ^ "Math words page 16". Archived from the original on 2010-06-18. Retrieved 2006-09-15.
  4. ^ Martin Harweit (1991). Astrophysical Concepts (2nd ed.). Springer-Verlag. ISBN 3-540-96683-8. p. 4.
  5. ^ Gurzadyan VG; Penrose R (2010-11-16). "Concentric circles in WMAP data may provide evidence of violent pre-Big-Bang activity". arXiv:1011.3706 [astro-ph.CO].
  6. ^ "Mahakalpa". Glorian. Retrieved 2022-06-17.
  7. ^ 1stCor15 (2021-07-22). "The Constructions of Aión: Koine Greek and Christian Universalism". Christian Universalism. Retrieved 2022-06-17.
  8. ^ DuQuette, Lon Milo (2003). The magick of Aleister Crowley : a handbook of the rituals of Thelema. Boston, MA: Weiser Books. p. 15. ISBN 1-57863-299-4. OCLC 52621460.