Air Tractor AT-802
|Air Tractor AT-802|
|Role||Agricultural / Fire-fighting aircraft|
|National origin||United States|
The Air Tractor AT-802 is an agricultural aircraft that may also be adapted into fire-fighting or armed versions. It first flew in the United States in October 1990 and is manufactured by Air Tractor Inc. The AT-802 carries a chemical hopper between the engine firewall and the cockpit and another one under the belly. In the U.S., it is considered a Type III SEAT, or Single Engine Air Tanker.
In its standard configuration, the aircraft utilizes conventional landing gear (two main wheels and a tail wheel). However, a number of aircraft have been converted to the Fire Boss aerial firefighting configuration, which utilizes Wipaire 10000 amphibious floats, so that it can land on a traditional runway or on water. The Fire Boss can scoop water from a lake or river for use on a fire. In addition to the 820 US gallons (3,100 L) standard fuselage-mounted retardant tank, the Fire Boss can have optional 35 US gallons (130 L) foam tanks in the floats. Operations with floats installed have been shown to produce a shorter and narrower retardant drop pattern than wheeled AT-802s.
In response to the United States Air Force's LAAR program and the growing requirement for light counter-insurgency aircraft, Air Tractor developed an armed model, the AT-802U, in 2008, with engine and cockpit armor, a bulletproof windscreen, self-sealing fuel tanks, and structural reinforcements for the carriage of 9,000 pounds (4,100 kg) of payload. A reinforced wing spar was certified for 12,000 hours of flight time, and the AT-802U was displayed in 2009 at the Paris Air Show.
The AT-802 has also been used in counter-drug operations in the USSOUTHCOM AOR by the U.S. Department of State as a delivery vehicle for herbicides and defoliants over narcotics production facilities.
Ten AT-802U were converted by Iomax into an armed configuration with Roketsan Cirit 2.75" rockets and guided bombs  for the UAE Air Force. The UAE operated them until November 2015 when they were replaced by the first three of 24 Archangels on order from Iomax. The Archangel is based on a similar cropduster airframe, that of the Thrush Model 660, however to create the Archangel the basic Model 660 undergoes a much more extensive rebuild in the course of its militarization. Six of the UAE AT-802Us were transferred to the Jordanian Air Force. with a further three being transferred to the Yemeni Government Forces where they have been used in the 2015 Yemeni Civil War. Reports place Emirati aircraft in Libya flown by contract pilots.
In January 2017, the US State Department approved a deal for twelve AT-802 aircraft for the Kenya Defence Forces, although as of June 2017 a contract for the proposed sale had not been signed.
- AT-802 - two seat (tandem) cockpit
- AT-802A - single-seat cockpit
- AT-802U - two seat (tandem) heavily armored military version, modified with sensors and reinforced for weapons carriage
- AT-802F or AT-802AF - An aerial firefighting model 802 equipped with the Air Tractor Computerized Firegate designed/developed/serviced by Trotter Controls Inc.
- Fire Boss - AT-802F equipped with Wipaire amphibious floats for operations from land or water
- AT-802L Longsword - An ISR and light-attack aircraft based on AT-802U, which developed by L3 Platform Integration collaboration with Air Tractor. L3 rebranded it as OA-8 Longsword for Asia-Pacific region.
The aircraft is popular with aerial application operators.
Military and government
- Córdoba Province - Fire-fighting
- Protezione Civile - 10 AT-802A Fire Boss
- Protection and Rescue Directorate of the Republic of Macedonia - 3 AT-802A Fire Boss
Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 2003–2004
- Crew: Two
- Capacity: 820 US Gal (3,104 L) of chemicals
- Length: 35 ft 11 in (10.95 m)
- Wingspan: 59 ft 3 in (18.06 m)
- Height: 12 ft 9 in (3.89 m)
- Wing area: 401.0 ft2 (37.25 m2)
- Aspect ratio: 8.8:1
- Empty weight: 6,505 lb (2,951 kg)
- Gross weight: 16,000 lb (7,257 kg)
- Powerplant: 1 × Pratt & Whitney PT6A-67AG turboprop, 1,350 hp (1,007 kW) each
- Cruise speed: 221 mph (356 km/h)
- Range: 800 miles (1,289 km)
- Service ceiling: 25,000 ft (7,620 m)
- Rate of climb: 850 ft/min (4.3 m/s)
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Related lists
- "Interagency Standards for Fire and Aviation Operations 2007, Chapter 17" (PDF). National Interagency Fire Center. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-08-31.
- AT-802 Fire Boss Factsheet at http://www.airtractoreurope.com
- Wipaire Fire Boss Service Manual
- "Evaluation of Long Term Retardant Drop Patterns from Air Tractor 802 Amphibious Float and Wheel Equipped Aircraft", Forest Engineering Research Institute of Canada, February 2006
- Trimble, Stephen. "PARIS AIR SHOW: Cropduster-turned-gunship makes Le Bourget debut". flightglobal.com. 15 June 2009. retrieved 7 November 2010.
- Exciting Product Developments In 2009. airtractor (2010-02-10). Retrieved on 2010-11-04.
- PHOTOS: New gunship flies to Paris Air Show debut - The DEW Line. Flightglobal.com. Retrieved on 2010-11-04.
- "Yemen Air Force Flying ex-UAE AT 802 U BPAs". AirForces Monthly. Key Publishing. December 2015.
- "Third UAE Archangel delivered". AirForces Monthly. Key Publishing. December 2015.
- "Iomax Archangel". Iomax.
- Archangel makes show debut - Flightglobal.com, 7 November 2015
- Delalande, Arnaud (14 January 2017). "Erik Prince’s Mercenaries Are Bombing Libya". War Is Boring. Retrieved 14 March 2017.
- US State Department approves $1.8 billion in arms deals. Flightglobal.com. Retrieved on 2017-01-17.
- Stevenson, Beth (20 June 2017). "Paris: Longsword light attack and surveilance aircraft makes its debut". Flightglobal. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- Photos: Air Tractor AT-802U Air Truck Aircraft Pictures. Airliners.net (2009-06-18). Retrieved on 2010-11-04.
- Air Tractor. "AT802A".
- Trotter Controls Inc
- L3 Platform Integration. "AT-802L Longsword™".
- Gareth, Jennings (2017-03-01). "Avalon 2017: L3 and Air Tractor marketing AT-802L armed turboprop as OA-8 Longsword". Melbourne: IHS Jane's. Retrieved 2017-05-02.
- Hoyle Flight International 13–19 December 2011, p. 35.
- "N.W.T. gov't spends $26M on 8 new Fireboss water bombers". www.cbc.ca. Retrieved 2016-03-16.
- "Chilean Government acquires modern planes to fight forest fires".
- "3 million euro worth Air Tractor arrived at Zemunik". www.zadarskilist.hr. 18 November 2014. Retrieved 2016-11-24.
- "AT 802 Fire Boss training commences in Zemunik". Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Croatia. 11 December 2014. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
- "Abu Dhabi IDEX Show Highlights Key UAE Developments". ainonline.com. Retrieved 23 February 2017.
- "The AT-802U has been acquired by the UAE, Jordan, Egypt and Kenya". shephardmedia.com. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
- Hoyle Flight International 13–19 December 2011, p. 39.
- Egozi, Arie (2011-08-06). "Israel's new firefighting squadron". Flightglobal. Retrieved 2011-09-07.
- "Israel Firefighting Squadron Acquires More Air Tractor AT-802F Firebombers". Air Tractor News. 2015-08-06. Retrieved 2016-12-01.
- Ayton Air International February 2017, p. 33.
- Keijsper 2008, pp. 43.
- "Flota de Aviones". Avialsa. Retrieved 2011-09-07.
- Tomkins, Richard (24 January 2017). "State Dept. approves $418 million aircraft sale to Kenya". United Press International. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
- Giangreco, Leigh (24 January 2017). "US State Departmen approves $1.8 billion in arms deals". FlightGlobal. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
- Jennings, Gareth (24 January 2017). "Kenya to field Air Tractor light attack turboprops". IHS Jane's 360. London. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
- "US approves sale of Air Tractors to Kenya". AirHeadsFly. 24 January 2017. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
- Forrester, Anna (24 January 2017). "L3 Division Named Prime in Proposed $418M Foreign Military Sale of Air Tractors to Kenya". GovConWire. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
- "UAE AT-802 light strike turboprops flying out of Saudi airbase".
- Jackson 2003, pp. 509–510.
- Ayton, Mark. "Archangel: Crop Duster to Tank Buster". Air International, Vol. 92, No. 2, February 2017. pp. 24–33. ISSN 0306-5634.
- Hoyle, Craig. "World Air Forces Directory". Flight International, 13–19 December 2011. pp. 26–52.
- Jackson, Paul. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 2003–2004. Coulsdon, UK: Jane's Information Group, 2003. ISBN 0-7106-2537-5.
- Keijsper, Gerard. "Water-Bombers Required!" Air Forces Monthly, London: Key Publishing, July 2008 Issue.
- Simpson, R. W. (1995). Airlife's General Aviation. Shrewsbury: Airlife Publishing. pp. 31–32.
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