Agattiyam

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Topics in Sangam literature
Sangam literature
Akattiyam Tolkāppiyam
Patiṉeṇmēlkaṇakku
Eṭṭuthokai
Aiṅkurunūṟu Akanaṉūṟu
Puṟanāṉūṟu Kalittokai
Kuṟuntokai Natṟiṇai
Paripāṭal Patiṟṟuppattu
Pattuppattu
Tirumurukāṟṟuppaṭai Kuṟiñcippāṭṭu
Malaipaṭukaṭām Maturaikkāñci
Mullaippāṭṭu Neṭunalvāṭai
Paṭṭiṉappālai Perumpāṇāṟṟuppaṭai
Poruṇarāṟṟuppaṭai Ciṟupāṇāṟṟuppaṭai
Patiṉeṇkīḻkaṇakku
Nālaṭiyār Nāṉmaṇikkaṭikai
Iṉṉā Nāṟpatu Iṉiyavai Nāṟpatu
Kār Nāṟpatu Kaḷavaḻi Nāṟpatu
Aintiṇai Aimpatu Tiṉaimoḻi Aimpatu
Aintinai Eḻupatu Tiṉaimalai Nūṟṟu Aimpatu
Tirukkuṛaḷ Tirikaṭukam
Ācārakkōvai Paḻamoḻi Nāṉūṟu
Ciṟupañcamūlam Mutumoḻikkānci
Elāti Kainnilai
Neo-Sangam Tamil Works
Potruhil-Perumkaappiyam
Puram Nooru Agam Nooru
Tamil Makal
Sangam Sangam landscape
Tamil history from Sangam literature Tamil literature
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Agattiyam (Tamil: அகத்தியம்), according to Sangam literature, was one of the earliest book on Tamil grammar, which was lost, and is believed to be complied in the First Sangam, written by Agathiyar, who is considered to be "father of the Tamil language".[1][2]

The sage Agathiyar, according to Hindu legends, brought the Tamil language and its syntax to the Tamil people from the god Siva.[3]

Tolkappiyar (epithet), the author of Tolkappiyam, which is believed to be the oldest extant Tamil grammar, is held to be one of the twelve disciples of Agathiyar, who lived during the Second Sangam.[4]

Mentions in Sangam Legends[edit]

According to the Sangam Legends, Agastya was a participant in the First Sangam and the Second Sangam. The First Sangam was held at Then Madurai (South Madurai), which was submerged under the sea, under the patronage of a Pandya king called Ma Kirti.[5] Agathiyar convened this session and wrote Agattiyam.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Weiss, Richard S. (2009-02-19). Recipes for Immortality: Healing, Religion, and Community in South India. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199715008. 
  2. ^ Indica. Heras Institute of Indian History and Culture, St. Xavier's College. 1998-01-01. 
  3. ^ Spuler, Bertold (1970-01-01). Handbook of Oriental Studies. BRILL. ISBN 9004041907. 
  4. ^ Garg, Gaṅgā Rām (1992-01-01). Encyclopaedia of the Hindu World. Concept Publishing Company. ISBN 9788170223740. 
  5. ^ Weiss, Richard S. (2009-02-19). Recipes for Immortality: Healing, Religion, and Community in South India. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199715008. 
  • Mudaliyar, Singaravelu A., Apithana Cintamani, An encyclopaedia of Tamil Literature, (1931) - Reprinted by Asian Educational Services, New Delhi (1983)
  • http://www.tamilnation.org/literature/