Akbar Allahabadi

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Akbar Allahabadi
Born Akbar Hussain[1]
(1846-11-16)16 November 1846[1]
Died 15 February 1921(1921-02-15) (aged 74)[1]
Occupation Judge
Nationality British Indian
Genre Ghazal, Masnavi, Qita, Rubai
Subject Love, philosophy, religion, social reform, satire, British rule

Akbar Hussain Rizvi, popularly known as Akbar Allahabadi (Urdu: اكبر الہ آبادی ) ( 16 November 1846 ; 15 February 1921), was an Indian Urdu poet mainly known for satire in his poetry.[1]

Early life and career[edit]

Akbar Allahabadi was born at Allahbad, India. He first finished his basic education at 'madrasas' (religious elementary schools) which was the tradition for most Muslim children at that time. He later went on to college to study law and ended up retiring as a sessions judge from Allahabad High Court.[2] It was 'India under the British rule' all around him. A lot of changes were taking place in the Indian society. As we all know, all writers and poets worldwide always get a chance to give their views on what's going on around them. So did Akbar Allahabadi through his poetry. He used humor as an instrument to clearly understand the social change. He was able to covey his intended message through satire and sarcasm in his poems without losing the humorous touch. He had an original style and was a trendsetter in humorous poetry for his times. It's a fact that he ended up becoming a popular poet of his time.[2]


  • He published three 'kulliyats' ( collection of his poems), the fourth volume was published in 1948.[3]
  • "Hangaama Hai KyuuN Barpa, Thodi Sii Jo Pii Lii Hai" His super-hit poem sung by the renowned ghazal singer Ghulam Ali in the early 1980s[4]
  • "Bas Jaan Gaya Mein Teri Pehchaan Yehi Hai, Tuu Dil Mein Tau Aata Hai, Samajh Mein Nahin Aata", A Hamd song ( in praise of God) by Mehdi Hassan, a Radio Pakistan production from the early 1970s


  1. ^ a b c d http://www.urdupoetry.com/akbar.html, Profile of poet Akbar Allahabadi on urdupoetry.com website, Retrieved 18 October 2016
  2. ^ a b http://www.poemhunter.com/akbar-allahabadi/biography/, Profile of poet Akbar Allahabadi on poemhunter.com website, Retrieved 18 October 2016
  3. ^ A History of Urdu literature by T. Grahame Bailey; Introduction
  4. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j3_CkTWf5HE, Poem of Akbar Allahabadi sung by Ghulam Ali on YouTube, Retrieved 18 October 2016

External links[edit]