Akbar Allahabadi

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Akbar Allahabadi اکبر الہ آبادی
Born Akbar Hussain[1]
(1846-11-16)16 November 1846[1]
Allahabad, United Provinces, British India
Died 15 February 1921(1921-02-15) (aged 74)[1]
Allahabad, United Provinces, British India
Occupation Judge
Nationality British Indian
Genre Ghazal, Masnavi, Qita, Rubaʿi
Subject Love, philosophy, religion, social reform, satire, British rule

Akbar Hussain Rizvi, popularly known as Akbar Allahabadi (Urdu: اكبر الہ آبادی ) (16 November 1846 – 15 February 1921), was an Indian Urdu poet mainly known for satire in his poetry.[1]

Early life and career[edit]

Akbar Allahabadi was born in Allahabad, India.[citation needed] He first finished his basic education at 'madrasas' (religious elementary schools) which was the tradition for most Muslim children at that time.[citation needed] He later went on to college to study law and ended up retiring as a sessions judge from Allahabad High Court.[2]

Political beliefs[edit]

Allahabadi saw India not in the light of a Hindu / Muslim nation, but as a pliant and subservient vassal of the British Raj and as a "warehouse of Europe". He was critical of the pro-Western beliefs about Muslim society and religion expressed by Syed Ahmed Khan.[3]


  • He published three collection of poems in his lifetime, with a fourth appearing in 1948.[4]


  1. ^ a b c d "Akbar Allahabadi". urdupoetry.com. 22 November 2001. Retrieved 15 April 2018. 
  2. ^ "Biography of Akbar Allahabadi". poemhunter.com. Retrieved 15 April 2018. 
  3. ^ Jalal, Ayesha (1997), "Exploding Communalism: The Politics of Muslim Identity in South Asia" (PDF), in Bose, Sugata; Jalal, Ayesha, Nationalism, Democracy and Development: State and Politics in India, Delhi: Oxford University Press, ISBN 9780195644425, retrieved 15 April 2018. 
  4. ^ A History of Urdu literature by T. Grahame Bailey; Introduction

External links[edit]