Akbar Allahabadi

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Akbar Allahabadi اکبر الہ آبادی
BornAkbar Hussain[1]
(1846-11-16)16 November 1846[1]
Allahabad, North-Western Provinces, British India
Died15 February 1921(1921-02-15) (aged 74)[1]
Allahabad, United Provinces, British India
NationalityBritish Indian
GenreGhazal, Masnavi, Qita, Rubaʿi
SubjectLove, philosophy, religion, social reform, satire, British rule

Akbar Hussain Rizvi, popularly known as Akbar Allahabadi (Urdu: اكبر الہ آبادی ) (16 November 1846 – 15 February 1921), was an Indian Urdu poet mainly known for satire in his poetry.[1]

Early life and career[edit]

Akbar Allahabadi was born in Allahabad, India.[citation needed] He first finished his basic education at 'madrasas' (religious elementary schools) which was the tradition for most Muslim children at that time.[citation needed] He later went on to college to study law and ended up retiring as a sessions judge from Allahabad High Court.[2]

Political beliefs[edit]

Allahabadi saw India not in the light of a Hindu / Muslim nation, but as a pliant and subservient vassal of the British Raj and as a "warehouse of Europe". He was critical of the pro-Western beliefs about Muslim society and religion expressed by Syed Ahmed Khan.[3]


  • He published three collection of poems in his lifetime, with a fourth appearing in 1948.[4]


  1. ^ a b c d "Akbar Allahabadi". urdupoetry.com. 22 November 2001. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  2. ^ "Biography of Akbar Allahabadi". poemhunter.com. Retrieved 15 April 2018.
  3. ^ Jalal, Ayesha (1997), "Exploding Communalism: The Politics of Muslim Identity in South Asia" (PDF), in Bose, Sugata; Jalal, Ayesha, Nationalism, Democracy and Development: State and Politics in India, Delhi: Oxford University Press, ISBN 9780195644425, retrieved 15 April 2018.
  4. ^ A History of Urdu literature by T. Grahame Bailey; Introduction

External links[edit]