Gaya district

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Gaya district
Great Buddha, Bodh Gaya
Great Buddha, Bodh Gaya
Location of Gaya district in Bihar
Location of Gaya district in Bihar
Country India
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesGaya
 • Total4,976 km2 (1,921 sq mi)
 • Total4,391,418
 • Density880/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
 • Literacy63.67per cent
 • Sex ratio932
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH 2, NH 82, NH 83

Gaya is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India. It was officially established on 3 October 1865. The district has a common boundary with the state of Jharkhand to the south. Gaya city is both the district headquarters and the second-largest city in Bihar.


Gaya finds mention in the great epics, Ramayana and Mahabharata. Ram along with Sita and Lakshman visited Gaya for offering Pind-Daan to their father Dasharath. In Mahabharata, the place has been identified as Gayapuri. About the origin of the name ‘Gaya' as referred to in Vayu Purana is that Gaya was the name of a demon (Asura) whose body was pious after he performed rigid penance and secured blessings from Vishnu. It was said that the Gayasura's body would continue to be known as Gaya Kshetra.

Gaya has experienced the rise and fall of many dynasties in the Magadh Region. From the 6th century BC to the 18th century AD, about 2300–2400 years, Gaya has been occupying an important place in the cultural history of the region. It opened up with the Shaishunaga dynasty founded by Shishunaga, who exercised power over Patna and Gaya around 600 BC. Bimbisara, fifth in line, who lived and ruled around 519 BC, had projected Gaya to the outer world. Having attained an important place in the history of civilisation, the area experienced the bliss of Gautam Buddha and Bhagwan Mahavir during the reign of Bimbisara. After a short spell of Nanda dynasty, Gaya and the entire Magadha region came under the Mauryan rule with Ashoka (272 BC – 232 BC) embracing Buddhism. He visited Gaya and built the first temple at Bodh Gaya to commemorate Prince Gautama's attainment of supreme enlightenment.

The period of Hindu revivalism commenced with the coming of the Guptas during the 4th and 5th century A.D. Samudragupta of Magadh helped to bring Gaya in limelight. It was the headquarters of Behar district during the Gupta empire.

Gaya then passed on to the Pala Empire with Gopala as the ruler. It is believed that the present temple of Bodh Gaya was built during the reign of Dharmapala, son of Gopala.

Gaya was in the 12th century invaded by Muhammad Bakhtiyar Khilji. But the Hindu rulers defeated his generals later. The place finally passed on to the Britishers after the battle of Buxar in 1764. Gaya district, along with other parts of the country, won freedom in 1947. Gaya is also the birthplace of eminent [1] nationalist & the first Deputy Chief Minister of Bihar Dr. Anugrah Narain Sinha.

Gaya formed a part of the district of Behar and Ramgarh till 1864. It was given the status of independent district in 1865.[2] Subsequently, in May 1981, Magadh Division was created by the Bihar State Government with the districts of Gaya, Nawada, Aurangabad and Jehanabad. All these districts were at the level of sub-division when the Gaya district was created in 1865.

Gaya has seen three districts partitioned off from its territory: Aurangabad and Nawada in 1976,[3] and Jehanabad in 1988.[3]

It is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[4]


Gaya district occupies an area of 4,976 square kilometres (1,921 sq mi),[5] comparatively equivalent to the island of Trinidad.[6]

Headquarters: Gaya
Area:Total 4,976 km2 Rural: 4891.48 Urban: 84.52
Temperature: minimum 0.8 (2002 AD) degree C – maximum 49.8 (1996) degree C
Rivers: Falgu


In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Gaya one of the country's 250 poorest districts (out of a total of 640).[7] It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[7]


Sub Divisions[edit]

Gaya District comprises 4 Sub-divisions:


Gaya district consists of 24 Blocks. The following are the list of the Blocks in Gaya district:

Flora and fauna[edit]

In 1976 Gaya district became home to the Gautam Budha Wildlife Sanctuary, which has an area of 260 km2 (100.4 sq mi).[8]


Religions in Gaya District[9]
Religion Percent

According to the 2011 census Gaya district has a population of 4,391,418,[10] roughly equal to the nation of Moldova[11] or the US state of Kentucky.[12] This gives it a ranking of 42nd in India (out of a total of 640).[10] The district has a population density of 880 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,300/sq mi) .[10] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 26.08%.[10] Gaya has a sex ratio of 932 females for every 1,000 males,[10] and a literacy rate of 66.35%.[10]

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 51.36% of the population in the district spoke Hindi, 41.37% Magahi and 7.04% Urdu as their first language.[13]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.


Schools in Gaya are either government run schools or private schools. Schools mainly use Hindi or English as the medium of instruction. The schools are affiliated with the Bihar School Examination Board, the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) or the National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS).[15] Under the 10+2+3/4 plan, after completing their secondary education, students typically enroll in a school with a higher secondary facility affiliated with the BSEB, the NIOS or the CBSE. Students usually choose from one of three streams — liberal arts, commerce, or science, though vocational streams are also available. Upon completing the required coursework, students may enroll in general or professional degree programmed.


  • Haridas seminary(Town School)
  • Zila School(zila ucch vidyalaya)
  • Mahaveer School
  • T Model school
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya No.1 Gaya
  • Creane Memorial High School
  • Nazareth Academy
  • Takshila School, Gaya
  • Elegant Public School
  • Royal academy, Bara, Manpur
  • Baal Bhawan School
  • Shanti Niketan Academy
  • Kirk View
  • Shatabdi Public School
  • Secondary Delhi Public School
  • Delhi Public School, Dubhal
  • D.A.V. Public School, Cantt area
  • D.A.V. public school, Rotary campus
  • Army Public School, Cantt area
  • City Public School, Manpur
  • D.A.V. Public school, Manpur, Kaiya, Gaya
  • Sonu Lal Barnwal Girl's School, Gaya
  • RJS International School, Wazirganj
  • Gyan Bharti Public School, Tekari
  • National Public School, Tekari
  • RD public school, Tekari
  • Magadh international school, Tekari
  • The North Face Public School
  • Jai hind public school
  • British English School, Manpur
  • T.model school, Gaya
  • Natural study point Manpur Gaya
  • Manav Bharti National School
  • H.H.M Public School

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "GAYA Tourist Guide| Tourist places near Gaya, Travel Guide". Archived from the original on 2017-12-01. Retrieved 2017-11-26.
  2. ^ "Gaya celebrates 154th establishment day".
  3. ^ a b Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. Archived from the original on 2011-10-17. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
  4. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Archived from the original on 2011-10-27. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  5. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  6. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Archived from the original on 2015-12-01. Retrieved 2011-10-11. Trinidad 5,009km2
  7. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
  8. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Bihar". Archived from the original on August 23, 2011. Retrieved September 25, 2011.
  9. ^ "Gaya District Religion Census 2011". Census2011. Archived from the original on 26 April 2018. Retrieved 26 April 2018.
  10. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-06-11. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  11. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-01. Moldova 4,314,377 July 2011 est.
  12. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 19, 2013. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Kentucky 4,339,367
  13. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  14. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  15. ^ "Bihar: Failed in Board exam, now students queue up at NIOS". 2016-06-14. Archived from the original on 2017-11-04. Retrieved 2017-12-29.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 24°45′N 85°00′E / 24.750°N 85.000°E / 24.750; 85.000