Ar-Rashid (1109–1138)

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For the earlier caliph who reigned from 786 to 809, see Harun ar-Rashid.
Ar-Rashid
الراشد
30th Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate
Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad
Reign 1135 to 1136
Predecessor Al-Mustarshid
Successor Al-Muqtafi
Born 1109
Died 6 June 1138
Religion Islam

Ar-Rashid (1109 – 6 June 1138) (Arabic: الراشد‎) was the Abbasid caliph in Baghdad from 1135 to 1136.

Like his father, al-Mustarshid, ar-Rashid made another failed attempt at independence from Seljuq Turks. To avenge his father's death, he insulted the Sultan Mas'ud's envoy who came to demand a heavy largess, incited the mob to plunder his palace, and then, supported by Zengi, who was equally hostile to Sultan because of the murder of Dubeis, set up a rival Sultan. Mas'ud hastened to the rebellious capital and laid siege to it. Baghdad, well defended by the river and its canals, resisted the attack; but in the end the Caliph and Zengi, hopeless of success, escaped to Mosul. The Sultan's power restored, a council was held, the Caliph deposed, and his uncle, son of Al-Muqtafi, appointed as the new Caliph.

Ar-Rashid fled to Isfahan, where he was killed by Hashshashins in 1138.

References[edit]

ar-Rashid
Cadet branch of the Banu Hashim
Born: 1109 Died: 1138
Sunni Islam titles
Preceded by
Al-Mustarshid
Caliph of Islam
1135–1136
Succeeded by
Al-Muqtafi