Alex Carlile, Baron Carlile of Berriew
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|The Right Honourable
The Lord Carlile of Berriew
CBE QC FRSA
|Member of the House of Lords|
27 July 1999
|Monarch||Queen Elizabeth II|
|Member of Parliament
11 June 1983 – 1 May 1997
|Preceded by||Delwyn Williams|
|Succeeded by||Lembit Opik|
|Born||Alexander Charles Carlile
12 February 1948
|Political party||Liberal Democrats|
|Welsh Liberal Democrats|
|Alma mater||King's College London|
Alexander Charles Carlile, Baron Carlile of Berriew, CBE, QC, FRSA (born 12 February 1948), born Alexander Charles Falik, is a Liberal Democrat member of the House of Lords. He has been described as one of Britain's top legal experts.
Early life and career
Alex Carlile, the son of Polish Jewish immigrants Erwin and Sabina Falik, was brought up in Rossett, North Wales and Lancashire. He was educated at Epsom College and at King's College London where he graduated in Law in 1969. He was called to the Bar by Gray's Inn in 1970 and became a QC at the unusually young age of 36.
Lord Carlile of Berriew is a practising barrister and former head of chambers of 9–12 Bell Yard, a leading set of barristers' chambers. He successfully defended Diana, Princess of Wales's butler, Paul Burrell, against charges that Burrell had stolen some of her estate's belongings. In 2001 he was appointed the independent reviewer of terrorism legislation. Carlile stood down as head of chambers at 9–12 Bell Yard in March 2008.
Carlile was created a life peer in 1999, as Baron Carlile of Berriew, of Berriew in the County of Powys, having previously been a Liberal Democrat Member of Parliament for Montgomeryshire from 1983 to 1997; he had stood unsuccessfully as a Liberal for East Flintshire in February and October 1974. As the sole Welsh Liberal Democrat MP for Wales after the 1992 election, Carlile helped steer the party through one of its low points. He was instrumental in the pre-devolution discussions with the Welsh Labour Party that led up to the 1997 devolution referendum.
According to the Register of Lords' Interests, Lord Carlile of Berriew was inter alia a director of 5 Bell Yard Ltd and the Wynnstay Group of agricultural feed manufacturers, agricultural goods merchants and fuel oil distributors; a Deputy High Court Judge; a Chairman of the Competition Appeals Tribunal; and a trustee of the White Ensign Association. He became President of the Howard League for Penal Reform in 2006.
He is a director of a strategy and political risks consultancy.
Carlile was, in 2014, principal proponent in favour of the rescission of Maryam Rajavi's travel ban. The Supreme Court sided with government in spite of the intervention of Mishcon de Reya and Lord Pannick QC, whom Carlile instructed.
Howard League for Penal Reform
Chair of the 2006 Inquiry into physical restraint, solitary confinement and forcible strip searching of children in prisons, secure training centres and local council secure children's homes. Now President of the Howard League
On 11 May and 6 June 2011, Lord Carlile held a follow-on Public Inquiry in the House of Lords. He put together an expert panel to advise and to give evidence to the Inquiry. This expert panel who gave both written and oral evidence consisted of Nick Hardwick (Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Prisons), Paul Cook (G4S children's services), Eric Baskind (British Self Defence Governing Body, Liverpool John Moores University), Malcolm Stevens (JusticeCare Solutions), Laura Janes (Howard League for Penal Reform), John Drew (Youth Justice Board for England and Wales), Sue Berelowitz (Office of the Children's Commissioner) and Carolyne Willow (CRAE).
Carlile was the first Member of Parliament to campaign for the rights of transsexual people.
Lord Carlile acted from 2001 to 2011 as the UK's Independent Reviewer of Terrorism Legislation. He was succeeded by David Anderson QC. The Director of Liberty, Shami Chakrabarti, called Carlile's support for control orders "disappointing" in a February 2006 press release condemning the introduction of control orders by the Prevention of Terrorism Act 2005. Following the resignation of David Davis to fight a by-election on an "anti 42-day" platform, Carlile wrote an article for The Sun criticising his stance. In 2015, he joined with a cross-party group of peers to reintroduce the Draft Communications Data Bill, known by its opponents as the "Snoopers' Charter". He was an independent reviewer on the 2015 Assessment on Paramilitary Groups in Northern Ireland.
He was vocal in his opposition to the UK coalition government's Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Bill, proposing many amendments. He was one of five Lords who vehemently opposed the introduction of means testing for police advice (to cover the cost of lawyers consulting suspects in police stations). "A single moment of reflection leaves one open-mouthed at the absurdity of this proposal," he said.
He takes the Liberal Democrat Whip in the House of Lords.
He lists his recreations as politics, theatre, food and football, and is a member of the Athenaeum Club. He is a lifelong supporter of English football club Burnley FC. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, President of the United Kingdom's largest professional security organisation, The Security Institute, and Chairman of the Chartered Security Professionals Registration Authority. He has three children by his first wife Frances and six grandchildren. He married his second wife, Alison Levitt, QC, in December 2007. She is the Head of Business Crime at the London law firm Mishcon de Reya, and herself an admired criminal lawyer.
- "WikiLeaks Founder Caught in Diplomatic Standoff". NPR.org.
- Mosley, Charles, editor. Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes. Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003.
- Butler, Carl (29 January 2007). "Welsh peer leaves wife for high-flyer". Wales Daily Post.
- Lord Carlile of Berriew QC (2005). "Report on the operation in 2005 of the Terrorism Act 2000". Home Office.
- The London Gazette: . 31 December 2011.
- (2014) UKSC 60 On appeal from: (2013) EWCA Civ 199
- Timeline of children's rights in the United Kingdom
- "Independent Reviewer calls to renew Prevention of Terrorism Act 2005". Liberty press release. 2 February 2006.
- Patrick Wintour (22 January 2015). "'Snooper's charter': four Lords in bid to pass changed version before election". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 October 2015.
- "Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012". Parliament of the United Kingdom. 1 May 2012.
- Carlile, Lord (7 December 2011). "Proposed reforms to legal aid would put Britain back three decades, argues peer". Exaro news. Retrieved 30 January 2012.
- "Examining football club finances". BBC News. 18 January 2010. Retrieved 23 April 2010.
- "News in Brief: Special Edition" (PDF). The Security Institute. 13 May 2011. Retrieved 27 June 2011.
- "Management Committee of Gray's Inn". 28 June 2011. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2011.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Alex Carlile
- Howard League for Penal Reform
- Lord Carlile speaking about the effectiveness of the House of Commons and about the Rule of Law at a seminar organised by The Constitution Society
- Lord Carlile of Berriew QC profile at the site of Liberal Democrats
- Biography at the House of Lords Biography at the House of Lords]
- Announcement of his introduction at the House of Lords House of Lords minutes of proceedings, 12 October 1999
- Alexander Charles Carlile, Baron Carlile of Berriew, thepeerage.com
- British American Business Council conference, 2001 (page no longer available, cached at zoominfo.com)
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for Montgomeryshire
|Party political offices|
|Chairman of the Welsh Liberal Party
|Leader of the Welsh Liberal Democrats
|President of the Welsh Liberal Democrats