Alexander O. Anderson
|Alexander Outlaw Anderson|
|United States Senator
February 26, 1840 – March 3, 1841
|Preceded by||Hugh Lawson White|
|Succeeded by||Spencer Jarnagin|
|Associate Justice of the California Supreme Court|
April 6, 1852 – November 2, 1852
|Appointed by||Governor John Bigler|
|Preceded by||Henry A. Lyons|
|Succeeded by||Alexander Wells|
November 10, 1794|
Jefferson County, Tennessee (now Hamblen County, Tennessee)
|Died||May 23, 1869
|Profession||Politician, Lawyer, Judge|
Alexander Outlaw Anderson (November 10, 1794 – May 23, 1869) was an American attorney who represented Tennessee in the United States Senate, and later served in the California State Senate, and on the California Supreme Court.
The son of longtime U.S. Senator Joseph Anderson, he was born at his father's home, "Soldier's Rest", in Jefferson County (now Hamblen County), Tennessee. He was named for his grandfather, frontiersman Alexander Outlaw (1738–1826).
As a youth he graduated from Washington College near Greeneville, Tennessee. He volunteered for service in the War of 1812 and fought under Andrew Jackson in the Battle of New Orleans in 1815. Later that year he was admitted to the bar and began a practice in Dandridge, Tennessee. Afterwards he moved to Knoxville, and then served as the superintendent of the United States Land Office in Alabama in 1836. He was an agent in the Indian removals of 1838 for Alabama and Florida.
He was elected to the United States Senate by the Tennessee General Assembly to the vacancy caused by the resignation of Senator Hugh Lawson White, a member of the Whig party whose resignation was orchestrated by Governor James K. Polk so that a Democratic senator could be appointed. Anderson served in that body from February 26, 1840, to March 3, 1841, when the term expired. Anderson did not stand for reelection to the seat; it was to remain vacant for a period when a group of Tennessee Democratic legislators called the "Immortal Thirteen" refused to meet and give a quorum sufficient to allow the election of a successor, apparently preferring no representation to that by a member of the other party, the Whigs.
Anderson was a leader of an overland company going to California in 1849. He served in the California State Senate in 1850 and 1851, and then was appointed by Governor John Bigler as an associate justice on the California Supreme Court, serving from April 6, 1852 to November 2, 1852, before returning to Tennessee. He later practiced law in Washington, D.C., appearing before both the Court of Claims and the Supreme Court of the United States. During the American Civil War he returned to Alabama, practicing law in Mobile and Camden. Again returning to Tennessee, he died in Knoxville on May 23, 1869, and is buried in the Old Gray Cemetery.
- Historic American Buildings Survey. "Historical and Descriptive Data" (PDF). Rural Mount, Hamblen County, TN. U.S. Dept. of the Interior. Retrieved May 13, 2011.[permanent dead link]
- Borneman, Walter R. (2008). Polk: The Man Who Transformed the Presidency and America. New York: Random House, Inc. p. 43. ISBN 978-1-4000-6560-8.
- United States Congress. "Alexander O. Anderson (id: A000181)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 2008-04-02
- Past & Present Justices. California State Courts. Retrieved July 19, 2017.
Hugh L. White
|U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Tennessee
February 26, 1840 – March 3, 1841
Served alongside: Felix Grundy and Alfred O. P. Nicholson
Henry A. Lyons
|Associate Justice of the California Supreme Court
April 6, 1852–November 2, 1852