Marsha Blackburn

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Marsha Blackburn
Marsha blackburn congress.jpg
United States Senator-elect
from Tennessee
Assuming office
January 3, 2019
SucceedingBob Corker
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Tennessee's 7th district
Assumed office
January 3, 2003
Preceded byEd Bryant
Succeeded byMark E. Green (Elect)
Member of the Tennessee Senate
from the 23rd district
In office
January 12, 1999 – January 3, 2003
Preceded byKeith Jordan
Succeeded byJim Bryson
Executive Director of the Tennessee Film, Entertainment, and Music Commission
In office
February 1995 – June 1997
GovernorDon Sundquist
Preceded byDancy Jones
Succeeded byAnne Pope
Chair of the Williamson County Republican Party
In office
1989–1991
Preceded byGeorge Miller
Succeeded byAl Nations
Personal details
Born
Marsha Wedgeworth

(1952-06-06) June 6, 1952 (age 66)
Laurel, Mississippi, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)
Chuck Blackburn (m. 1975)
Children2
EducationMississippi State University (BS)

Marsha Blackburn (née Wedgeworth; born June 6, 1952) is an American politician and businesswoman serving as the U.S. Representative for Tennessee's 7th congressional district since 2003. A member of the Republican Party, Blackburn previously served in the Tennessee Senate from 1999 to 2003. On November 6, 2018, she became the first woman to be elected to the U.S. Senate from Tennessee, defeating Democratic former Tennessee Governor Phil Bredesen.

Early life and education[edit]

Marsha Wedgeworth Blackburn was born in Laurel, Mississippi, to Mary Jo (Morgan) and Hilman Wedgeworth, who worked in sales and management.[1] She attended Mississippi State University, earning a B.S. in home economics in 1974.[2][3][4]

In college, she joined Chi Omega[5][6] and worked as a student manager for Southwestern Advantage, selling educational products door-to-door.[3] She is a former beauty-pageant winner.[7]

Early political career[edit]

Blackburn's professional career began in 1973 when she was hired as a sales manager for the Times Mirror Company. In 1975 she was named Director of Retail Fashion and Special Events of the Castner Knott Division of Mercantile Stores, Inc. She held this position until 1978, when she became the owner of Marketing Strategies, a promotion-event management and image consulting firm. She continues to run this business.[4]

Blackburn was a founding member of the Williamson County Young Republicans.[6] She became chair of the Williamson County Republican Party in 1989 and served until 1991.[6][8] In 1992, she was a candidate for Congress and a delegate to the 1992 Republican National Convention. She lost the congressional race,[6] but remained active in social and political venues.[3]

In 1995, Blackburn was appointed executive director of the Tennessee Film, Entertainment, and Music Commission by Tennessee governor Don Sundquist,[9][6] and held that post through 1997.[10]

In 1998, she was elected to the Tennessee Senate, where she served until 2003[11] and rose to be minority whip.[3] In 2000, she took part in the effort to prevent the passage of a state income tax bill.[6]

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Tenure[edit]

Rep. Marsha Blackburn official photo in 2005.

In 2002, Republican Ed Bryant gave up his seat as U.S. Representative from Tennessee's 7th District so that he could run for the Senate. Blackburn ran against Democrat Tim Barron for the seat and was elected with 70% of the vote. In 2004, she ran unopposed and was re-elected.[12]

In 2006, she successfully ran for a third term in the House of Representatives.[5] In November 2007, she unsuccessfully ran for the position of Republican conference chair.[13][14][15]

Blackburn joined Mitt Romney's 2008 presidential campaign as a senior advisor. In May 2007, she resigned her position in the Romney campaign and endorsed former U.S. Senator Fred Thompson for president.[16][17] She was re-elected in 2008, 2010, 2012, 2014, and 2016.

In April 2018, she signed onto a letter formally nominating President Donald Trump for the Nobel Peace Prize "in recognition of his work to end the Korean War, denuclearize the Korean peninsula and bring peace to the region."[18]

Marsha Blackburn with Eric Cantor, Mike Pence and Cynthia Lummis at Press Conference

Committee assignments

Blackburn served as an assistant whip in Congress from 2003 to 2005, and has served as a deputy whip since 2005.[23][24][21][25]

In 2008, she won her primary race by gaining 62 percent of the vote against Shelby County registrar of deeds, and fellow former state senator Tom Leatherwood.[26][27]

Political campaigns[edit]

Rep. Marsha Blackburn speaking at the 2011 Republican Leadership Conference in New Orleans, Louisiana

Redistricting after the 2000 Census moved Blackburn's home from the 6th district into the 7th district. The 6th District's Democratic incumbent congressman, Bart Gordon, had faced three tough races in the 1990s, including a near-defeat in 1994, in part due to the growing Republican trend in Nashville's suburbs. This was especially pronounced in Williamson County, the richest county in the state and the most Republican county in Middle Tennessee. It appeared that the Democratic-controlled Tennessee General Assembly wanted to protect Gordon by moving Williamson County into the already heavily Republican 7th District.[28] To maintain approximately equal district sizes (as required by Wesberry v. Sanders) and to compensate for the substantial increase in the 7th's population by the addition of Williamson County, the legislature shifted some of the more Democratic parts of Clarksville to the nearby 8th district. This created a district that, in the words of Memphis Magazine, stretched "in reptilian fashion" for 200 miles from eastern Memphis to southwest Nashville.[6]

In 2002, 7th District incumbent Republican congressman Ed Bryant decided to run for the Senate seat being vacated by Fred Thompson. Blackburn entered the primary to replace Bryant—the real contest in this Republican stronghold. Of the four main candidates, she was the only one from the Nashville suburbs. The other three, future state senate majority leader Mark Norris, conservative activist and future U.S. Attorney and Representative David Kustoff, and city councilman Brent Taylor, were all from Memphis and its suburbs. She garnered the endorsement of the conservative Club for Growth.[29] The three Memphians split the vote in that area, allowing her to win the primary by nearly 20 percentage points.[30]

In the general election, she defeated Democratic nominee Tim Barron, with 70% of the vote. She was the fourth woman elected to Congress from Tennessee, but the first not to serve as a stand-in for her husband.[31]

She ran unopposed for reelection in 2004, which is somewhat unusual for a freshman member of Congress, even from a district as heavily Republican as the 7th. A 2004 survey of congressional aides by the Washingtonian identified her as one of the three "best newcomers" in the House of Representatives.[32]

Redistricting after the 2010 census made the 7th district more compact; it lost its shares of Nashville and Memphis while regaining all of Clarksville. However, it is no less Republican than its predecessor; with a Cook Partisan Voting Index of R+18, it is one of the most Republican districts in the South.[33]

Rep. Marsha Blackburn official photo in 2011.

2018 United States Senate election[edit]

In October 2017, Tennessee governor Bill Haslam declined to run for the Senate seat being vacated by Bob Corker. Shortly after, Blackburn announced her campaign for the seat. In her announcement, she said that House Republicans were frustrated with Senate Republicans[34] who they believe act like Democrats on important issues, including Obamacare.[35] In the announcement of her candidacy, Blackburn described herself as a "hard-core, card-carrying Tennessee conservative", said she was "politically incorrect", and noted with pride that liberals have characterized her as a "wing nut".[36] Blackburn dismissed compromise and bipartisanship, saying "No compromise, no apologies."[36] She also said that she carried a gun in her purse.[36] On August 2, Blackburn received 610,302 votes (84.48%) in the Republican primary, winning her party's nomination.[37]

Early on in the campaign, retiring Republican incumbent Bob Corker said that Blackburn's opponent, Democrat Phil Bredesen, was "a very good mayor, a very good governor, a very good business person," that he had "real appeal" and "crossover appeal," and that the two of them had cooperated well over the years. However, Corker said he would vote for Blackburn and donate to her campaign, and questioned whether Bredesen would be able to win a Senate seat in a red state like Tennessee.[38][39] Following Corker's praise for Bredesen, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell warned Corker that such comments could cost the Republican Party its Senate majority.[39] Shortly after Corker's comments, President Trump tweeted an endorsement of Blackburn.[39] Blackburn largely backed President Donald Trump's policies,[36][40] including a U.S.-Mexico border wall,[34] and shares his opinion regarding National Football League national anthem protests.[41][42] Vice President Mike Pence also endorsed Blackburn a few days later on April 23, 2018. During the campaign, Blackburn pledged to support President Trump's agenda and suggested that her opponent, Bredesen, would not, asking, "Do you think Phil Bredesen would vote with crying Chuck Schumer or would he vote with our president when it comes to support our troops and supporting our veterans?"[43]

Blackburn and Bredesen disclosed in mid-April 2018 that they had each raised close to $2 million during the first quarter of the year.[44]

In October 2018, pop star Taylor Swift endorsed Bredesen. The endorsement was notable given that Swift had been publicly apolitical, but spoke out because Blackburn's "voting record in Congress appall[ed] and terrifie[d]" her. Swift shared a link to non-partisan voter registration website Vote.org which saw a significant spike in page views and new registrations. Swift's endorsement was criticized by Donald Trump as well as Mike Huckabee, who said, "[She] has every right to be political but it won’t impact [the] election unless we allow 13 yr old girls to vote".[45][46][47]

For most of the campaign, polls showed the two candidates nearly tied. However, following the Brett Kavanaugh Supreme Court confirmation hearings, Blackburn pulled ahead of Bredesen; the hearings are believed to have mobilized Republican voters.[48] Blackburn won the election on November 6, 2018, taking 54.7 percent of the vote to Bredesen's 43.9 percent. She carried all but three counties in the state (Davidson, Shelby and Haywood).[49]

Electoral history[edit]

Tennessee's 6th congressional district: 1992 results[50]
Year Democratic Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct
1992 Bart Gordon 120,177 57% Marsha Blackburn 86,289 41% H. Scott Benson Independent 5,952 3% *

*Write-in and minor candidate notes: In 1992, write-ins received 10 votes.

Tennessee's 7th congressional district: Results 2002–2016[50][51][52]
Year Democratic Votes Pct Republican Votes Pct 3rd Party Party Votes Pct
2002 Tim Barron 51,790 26% Marsha Blackburn 138,314 71% Rick Patterson Independent 5,423 3% *
2004 (no candidate) Marsha Blackburn 232,404 100%
2006 Bill Morrison 73,369 32% Marsha Blackburn 152,288 66% Kathleen A. Culver Independent 1,806 1% *
2008 Randy Morris 98,207 31% Marsha Blackburn 214,214 69%
2010 Greg Rabidoux 54,341 25% Marsha Blackburn 158,892 72% J.W. Stone Independent 6,319 3% *
2012 Credo Amouzouvik 61,050 24% Marsha Blackburn 180,775 71% Howard Switzer Green 4,584 2% *
2014 Daniel Cramer 42,280 26.8% Marsha Blackburn 110,534 69.9% Leonard Ladner Independent 5,093 3.2%
2016 Tharon Chandler 65,226 23.5% Marsha Blackburn 200,407 72.2% Leonard Ladner Independent 11,880 4.3%
*Write-in and minor candidate notes: In 2002, write-ins received 31 votes. In 2006, James B. "Mickey" White received 898 votes; William J. Smith received 848 votes; John L. Rimer received 710 votes; and Gayl G. Pratt received 663 votes.

Political positions[edit]

Marsha Blackburn speaking at the 2015 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) in National Harbor, Maryland on February 26, 2015

Blackburn is a Tea Party Republican.[53] She has been described as staunchly conservative,[36][54][55][56] and describes herself as "a hard-core, card-carrying Tennessee conservative."[57] She scored 100% on American Conservative Union's 2004, 2005, 2007, 2009 Ratings of Congress.[58][59][60]

Abortion and stem cell research[edit]

Blackburn opposes abortion.[36] In 2013, Blackburn was chosen to manage debate on a bill promoted by House Republicans that would have prohibited abortions after 22 weeks' gestation, with limited exceptions for rape or incest.[61] She replaced the bill's prior sponsor, U.S. Representative Trent Franks (R-AZ), after Franks made controversial and dubious statements.[62][63] In 2015, Blackburn led a panel that investigated the Planned Parenthood undercover video controversy - where anti-abortion activists published a video which purported to show that Planned Parenthood illicitly sold fetal tissue. Subsequent investigations into Planned Parenthood found no evidence of fetal tissue sales or of wrongdoing.[64] Later, in 2017, when Blackburn announced that she was running in the 2018 Tennessee senatorial race, she ran an advertisement saying that she "fought Planned Parenthood and we stopped the sale of baby body parts".[64][65] Twitter banned the advertisement on its platform because of her assertion about the sale of baby body parts.[66][57] In 2015, Blackburn claimed that 94% of Planned Parenthood's business revolves around abortion services; FactCheck.Org noted that abortions account for 3% of the total services provided by Planned Parenthood in 2013 and that most of Planned Parenthood's work is dedicated to treatment for sexually transmitted diseases, contraception, pregnancy tests, prenatal services and cancer screenings.[67]

In March 2016, Blackburn chaired the Republican-led Select Investigative Panel, a committee convened to "explore the ethical implications of using fetal tissue in biomedical research".[68] Democrats on the panel characterized the probe as a politically motivated witch hunt, and objected to subpoenas demanding "names of researchers, technicians and medical personnel involved in fetal tissue handling".[68] Subpoenaed biotechnology executives Eugene Gu of the Ganogen Research Institute and Cate Dyer of StemExpress argued in an article in Nature that the panel was intimidating researchers and patients.[69] Gu went on Science Friday on NPR and detailed his experiences living in close proximity to Blackburn's Congressional district and having United States Marshals deliver the subpoena to his home.[70] The Republican majority on the panel released a report concluding that fetal tissue "makes a vanishingly small contribution to clinical and research efforts, if it contributes at all"; scientists on the other hand widely hold that fetal tissue research is valuable for science and medicine.[66] A fact-check by Science magazine identified a number of falsehoods in the panel's report.[71]

Birther bill[edit]

In 2009, Blackburn sponsored legislation requiring presidential candidates to show their birth certificates. The bill was in response to so-called Birther conspiracy theories that falsely alleged that President Barack Obama was not born in the United States. Asked why she supported such a bill, Blackburn's spokesperson said that Blackburn did not doubt that Obama was an American citizen. The spokesperson inaccurately suggested that Obama had not provided any documents to prove he was a natural-born citizen.[72][73]

Evolution[edit]

Blackburn rejects the theory of evolution.[74]

Health care and pharmaceuticals[edit]

Blackburn opposed the Affordable Care Act (Obamacare), stating, with the passage of the bill, "freedom dies a little bit today."[36][75] She subsequently supported efforts to repeal the legislation, arguing that it "means well" but fails to live up to its promise.[76] In 2017, while arguing for the repeal of the Affordable Care Act, Blackburn falsely stated that two popular provisions of the Affordable Care Act (protections for individual with preexisting conditions and the provision allowing adult children to be on their parents' health plans until they're 26) "were two Republican provisions which made it into the [Obamacare] bill."[77] In her declaration that she would run for the Senate in 2018, she said that the failure to repeal the Affordable Care Act was "a disgrace".[78]

At October 2013 congressional hearings on the Affordable Care Act, commonly known as "Obamacare," Blackburn charged the health.gov website violated HIPAA and health information privacy rights. The next day, when a CNN interviewer pointed out that the only health-related question that the web site asks is "do you smoke?," Blackburn repeated her criticism of the site for violating privacy rights.[79]

According to The New York Times, Blackburn's most notable legislative achievement was co-sponsorship of legislation that revised the legal standard Drug Enforcement Agency to establish "a significant and present risk of death or serious bodily harm that is more likely than not to occur," rather than the previous standard of "imminent danger," before suspending opioid drug shipments.[80][57] The legislation passed the House and the Senate unanimously, but was criticized in internal agency documents, Justice Department documents, and by the DEA's chief administrative law judge, as hampering DEA enforcement actions against drug distribution companies engaging in black-market sales.[80]

Climate change[edit]

Blackburn rejects the scientific consensus on climate change, saying in 2015 "The jury is still out saying man is the cause for global warming, after the earth started to cool 13 years ago."[81] Blackburn asserted that there is "not consensus" in the scientific community on climate change, and that climate change remains "unproven".[82][83][84]

In April 2009, an exchange between Blackburn and former Vice President Al Gore received significant publicity. During a congressional hearing on energy policy, Blackburn asked Gore, "The legislation that we are discussing here today, is that something that you are going to personally benefit from?"[85][86] Gore indicated in response that all income he earned from renewable technology investment went to non-profits.[87]

Telecommunications[edit]

Blackburn opposes net neutrality in the United States, referring to it as "socialistic".[36][88] Blackburn opposes municipal broadband initiatives that aim to compete with Internet service providers.[89][90] She supported bills that restrict municipalities from creating their own broadband networks, and wrote a bill to prevent the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) from preempting state laws that blocked municipal broadband.[91][92]

In early 2017, Blackburn introduced to the House a measure to dismantle an Obama-administration online privacy rule that had been adopted by the FCC in October 2016.[93] Blackburn's measure, which was supported by broadband providers but criticized by privacy advocates, repealed the rule which required broadband providers to obtain consumers' permission before sharing their online data, including browsing histories.[93][94] The measure passed the House in a party-line vote in March 2017, after a similar measure had been passed by the Senate the same week.[93] She subsequently proposed legislation which expanded the requirement to include internet companies as well as broadband providers.[95]

As of 2017, Blackburn had accepted at least $693,000 in campaign contributions from telecom companies over her career in Congress.[96][97]

LGBT rights[edit]

In 2010, Blackburn voted against repealing the military's Don't Ask, Don't Tell policy.[98]

In 2013, Blackburn voted in favor of the reauthorization of the Violence Against Women Act in the House,[99] but voted against the Senate's version of the Act, which expanded VAWA to apply to people regardless of sexual orientation.[100] Blackburn argued that increasing the number of targets for VAWA funding would "dilute the money that needs to go into the sexual assault centers, domestic abuse centers, [and] child advocacy centers,"[101] and said VAWA ought to remain focused on supporting women's shelters and facilitating law enforcement against crimes against women, rather than addressing other groups or issues.[102]

Blackburn opposes same-sex marriage.[36][103] Blackburn said that the Supreme Court's 2015 decision in Obergefell v. Hodges was "a disappointment. I have always supported traditional marriage. Despite this decision, no one can overrule the truth about what marriage actually is -- a sacred institution between a man and a woman."[104]

Blackburn voted against the Employment Non-Discrimination Act to ban discrimination against LGBT employees, has a 0% rating from the Human Rights Campaign (a PAC which supports gay rights and same-sex marriage) and voted for a proposed constitutional amendment to ban same-sex marriage.[100]

Donald Trump[edit]

In November 2016, Blackburn joined Donald Trump's presidential transition team as vice chair.[105] Blackburn is a staunch supporter of President Trump, and has backed most of his policies and proposals.[36][40][57] She nominated him for a Nobel Peace Prize for his negotiations with North Korea.[57] Vox speculated that Blackburn's ties to Trump, who won Tennessee in the 2016 election by 26 points, helped boost her 2018 U.S. Senate candidacy.[106]

Immigration[edit]

She supported President Donald Trump's 2017 executive order imposing a temporary travel and immigration ban barring the nationals of seven Muslim-majority countries from entering the U.S.[107]

Second Amendment[edit]

Following the 2018 Thousand Oaks shooting on the evening of November 7, 2018, which resulted in 12 deaths, Blackburn responded to a question about the shooting in a Fox News interview with Sandra Smith by saying "how do we make certain that we protect the Second Amendment and protect our citizens? We've always done that in this country. Mental health issues need to be addressed."[108]

Women's issues[edit]

In 2009, Blackburn voted against the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act and the Paycheck Fairness Act.[109]

Personal life[edit]

Rep. Marsha Blackburn (1393180946).jpg

Blackburn is married to Chuck Blackburn,[6] and they live in Brentwood, a suburb of Nashville in Williamson County.[21] The couple have two children.[6] Her husband is the founder of the International Bow Tie Society (IBTS). She is a Presbyterian.[5]

She is a member of The C Street Family, a prayer group that includes members of Congress.[110] She is a former member of the Smithsonian Libraries Advisory Board.[21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hilman Wedgeworth: WWII veteran; father of Rep. Blackburn - Brentwood Home Page". brentwoodhomepage.com.
  2. ^ Mississippi State University (October 9, 1974). "Reveille". Mississippi State University – via Internet Archive.
  3. ^ a b c d The Marsha Blackburn Collection web page, Mississippi State University Congressional and Political Research Center; retrieved December 5, 2013.
  4. ^ a b "Mississippi State University Libraries: Congressional and Political Research Center: Collections: The Marsha Blackburn Collection". Library.msstate.edu. Retrieved 2017-02-26.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Barnette, Amy, Marsha Blackburn – 7th Congressional District, The Commercial Appeal, June 30, 2010; retrieved December 5, 2013.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i Baker, Jackson, Marsha Blackburn – Beacon of the Right, Memphis Magazine, July 2011; retrieved December 6, 2013.
  7. ^ Perks, Ashley (September 15, 2008). "Understanding the beauty-queen politician".
  8. ^ "RollCall.com - Member Profile - Rep. Marsha Blackburn, R-Tenn". media.cq.com.
  9. ^ "The Tennessean from Nashville, Tennessee on April 24, 1995 · Page 27".
  10. ^ "Tennessee gets a new film commissioner".
  11. ^ "Representative Marsha Wedgeworth Blackburn (R-Tennessee, 7th) - Biography". Retrieved 2017-02-26.
  12. ^ "Rep. Marsha Blackburn, R-Tenn". Roll Call. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  13. ^ Ostermeier, Eric (June 13, 2013). "Meet the Three House Women Who Go by "Congressman"". Smart Politics.
  14. ^ Andrews, Helena (April 15, 2008). "The lady prefers 'congressman'". Politico.
  15. ^ "Marsha Blackburn Has Not Yet Decided On A Run For Guv". NashvillePost.com. January 7, 2009.
  16. ^ Elizabeth Bewley (March 6, 2012). "Blackburn says Romney victory in TN wouldn't surprise her". The Tennessean.
  17. ^ David Lightman and Chris Echegaray (November 16, 2010). "TN senators back freeze on special spending". The Tennessean. p. 2.
  18. ^ Collins, Michael (April 30, 2018). "Three Tennessee Republicans sign letter formally nominating Donald Trump for Nobel Prize". The Tennessean. USA Today Network. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
  19. ^ "Congressional Directory for the 113th Congress (2013-2014), February 2014. -". www.gpo.gov. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
  20. ^ a b c "Congressional Directory for the 108th Congress (2003-2004), August 2004. -". www.gpo.gov. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
  21. ^ a b c d "Marsha Blackburn Congress". Marsha Blackburn Biography. Retrieved 2016-11-16.
  22. ^ Paul Kane (October 23, 2015). "Boehner's next select committee, focusing on Planned Parenthood, to be led by Marsha Blackburn". Washington Post. Retrieved October 23, 2015.
  23. ^ "Blackburn to speak at GOP dinner". Shelbyville Times-Gazette. April 1, 2008.
  24. ^ "Biography". official U.S. House website. 2010-03-30.
  25. ^ "Marsha Blackburn". cpac.conservative.org. Retrieved 2016-11-16.
  26. ^ Beadle, Nicholas (August 8, 2008). "Blackburn beats Leatherwood". The Jackson Sun.
  27. ^ L., James (August 8, 2008). "8/7 Primary Results Round-up". Swing Stage Project.
  28. ^ Davis, Kent (2010-01-12). "2011 Redistricting TN". TN Precinct Project. Retrieved June 3, 2017.
  29. ^ Bianca Phillips, Final Report on Tennessee Elections, Memphis Flyer, August 1, 2002; retrieved March 7, 2016.
  30. ^ 2002 Tennessee Congressional and Statewide Primary Results, D.C.'s Political Report; retrieved March 7, 2016.
  31. ^ "Marsha Blackburn Named 2016 'Woman of the Year'", Williamson Herald, March 4, 2016.
  32. ^ "Best and Worst of Congress", Washingtonian.com, September 1, 2004; retrieved March 7, 2016.
  33. ^ "Partisan Voting Index: Districts of the 113th Congress, The Cook Political Report; accessed June 3, 2017.
  34. ^ a b Sarah Smith (2017-10-05). "GOP Rep. Blackburn announces Senate run, says failure to repeal ObamaCare a 'disgrace'". FOX news.
  35. ^ Dave Boucher and Joel Ebert and Jordan Buie (2017-10-08). "Analysis: shifting political winds forecast trouble Tennessee's establishment Republicans". The Tennessean.
  36. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Kaplan, Thomas (2018-04-18). "In Pro-Trump Tennessee, Democrats Count on a Familiar Face to Flip a Senate Seat". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-04-18.
  37. ^ "August 2, 2018 Unofficial Election Results". Tennessee Secretary of State. Retrieved August 3, 2018.
  38. ^ "Corker says Democrat is ahead in race to succeed him". POLITICO. Retrieved 2018-04-18.
  39. ^ a b c Scherer, Michael; Sullivan, Sean; Dawsey, Josh (2018-04-19). "Razor-thin Senate majority, bloody primary fights hamstring GOP". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2018-04-20.
  40. ^ a b "GOP gears up to battle popular ex-governor in Senate race in Tenn.; Bill Lee projected to win Republican primary for governor". Washington Post. Retrieved 2018-08-03.
  41. ^ "In wake of Trump's NFL comments, Marsha Blackburn files resolution on national anthem etiquette". The Tennessean. 2017-09-26.
  42. ^ "Vice President Mike Pence endorses Marsha Blackburn's bid for Senate". The Tennessean. Retrieved May 13, 2018.
  43. ^ "Marsha Blackburn attacks Phil Bredesen at GOP fundraiser". The Tennessean. Retrieved 2018-06-09.
  44. ^ "Bredesen, Blackburn raise close to $2M". nashvillepost.com. Retrieved May 13, 2018.
  45. ^ "Taylor Swift's Instagram Post Has Caused A Massive Spike In Voter Registration". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved 2018-10-09.
  46. ^ "Shake it off: Taylor Swift's political endorsement draws praise, backlash". The Tennessean. Retrieved 2018-10-09.
  47. ^ Chen, Kelly (8 October 2018). "Mike Huckabee Dismisses Taylor Swift's Political Endorsement Because '13-Year-Old Girls' Can't Vote" – via Huff Post.
  48. ^ Bolton, Alexander (November 6, 2018). "Blackburn keeps Tennessee seat in GOP hands". thehill.com. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
  49. ^ Tennessee Senate results from CNN
  50. ^ a b "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Archived from the original on 2008-07-30. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
  51. ^ "2014 Midterm Election Results | Congressional, Senate, House & Gubernatorial". Abcnews.go.com. Retrieved 2017-02-26.
  52. ^ "State of Tennessee: State General: November 4, 2014" (PDF). Share.tn.gov. Retrieved 2017-02-26.
  53. ^ "Marsha Blackburn, 'Politically Incorrect And Proud Of It,' Runs For Senate In Tenn". NPR.org. Retrieved 2018-09-06.
  54. ^ "Tennessee a major target for Democrats in midterm election battle". UPI. Retrieved 2018-09-06.
  55. ^ "After Doug Jones's win, here's what Democrats need to do to retake the Senate in 2018". Vox. Retrieved 2018-09-06.
  56. ^ "In deep-red Tennessee, Republicans are anxious about the U.S. Senate race". Washington Post. Retrieved 2018-10-11.
  57. ^ a b c d e "In Tennessee Senate Race, Financial Missteps Linger in the Background". Retrieved 2018-10-11.
  58. ^ "2005 Votes by State Delegation". ACU Ratings. Archived from the original on July 6, 2009. Retrieved 2010-03-14.
  59. ^ "2007 Votes by State Delegation". ACU Ratings. Archived from the original on January 15, 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-14.
  60. ^ "2009 Votes by State Delegation". ACU Ratings. Retrieved 2010-03-14.
  61. ^ Peters, Jeremy (June 17, 2013). "G.O.P. Pushes New Abortion Limits to Appease Vocal Base". The New York Times.
  62. ^ Tiron, Roxana; James Rowley (June 13, 2013). "Republicans Pick Female Lawmaker to Manage Abortion Bill". Bloomberg News.
  63. ^ Parkinson, John (June 12, 2013). "Rep. Trent Franks Claims 'Very Low' Pregnancy Rate From Rape". ABC News.
  64. ^ a b "Twitter calls foul on Rep. Marsha Blackburn ad because of 'baby body parts' comment". Washington Post. Retrieved 2018-09-06.
  65. ^ "Twitter's ban on Marsha Blackburn's ad mentioning "baby body parts," explained". Vox. Retrieved 2018-09-06.
  66. ^ a b "Twitter shuts down Blackburn campaign announcement video". AP News. Retrieved 2018-09-06.
  67. ^ "Planned Parenthood's Services - FactCheck.org". FactCheck.org. 2015-09-04. Retrieved 2018-09-06.
  68. ^ a b DeBonis, Mike (March 2, 2016). "In first hearing, GOP panel casts doubt on fetal tissue research".
  69. ^ Gu, E.; Dyer, C. "Fetal tissue: US panel risks infant and researcher lives". Nature. 535: 37. doi:10.1038/535037c. PMID 27383974. Retrieved 2017-02-26.
  70. ^ "Science in the Crosshairs". Science Friday. Retrieved 2017-02-26.
  71. ^ "Fact-checking Congress's fetal tissue report". Science | AAAS. 2017-01-05. Retrieved 2018-09-06.
  72. ^ "Blackburn 'does not doubt' Obama's citizenship". POLITICO. Retrieved 2018-10-08.
  73. ^ "The Birthers in Congress". Salon. 2009-07-28. Retrieved 2018-10-08.
  74. ^ Harrabin, Roger (September 23, 2015). "Ignore Pope on climate, says Republican Marsha Blackburn".
  75. ^ Nagourney, Adam (March 22, 2010). "Republicans Face Drawbacks of United Stand on Health Bill". The New York Times.
  76. ^ Steinhauer, Jennifer (January 19, 2011). "Approaching Civility (if Perhaps Falling Short of Eloquence) in Debate". The New York Times.
  77. ^ Kessler, Glenn (2017-02-28). "Analysis | Rep. Marsha Blackburn's false claim that two key Obamacare elements are 'Republican provisions'". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2018-06-09.
  78. ^ "Republican Senate candidate announces her bid by trashing the Republican Senate". Vox. Retrieved 2017-10-06.
  79. ^ Cavendish, Steve This Is What Happens When Marsha Blackburn Can't Answer A Simple Question, Nashville Scene, October 25, 2013; retrieved December 5, 2013.
  80. ^ a b "How Congress allied with drug company lobbyists to derail the DEA's war on opioids". Washington Post. Retrieved 2017-10-16.
  81. ^ Harrabin, Roger (September 23, 2015). "Ignore Pope on climate, says Republican Marsha Blackburn".
  82. ^ "Bill Nye 'The Science Guy' Debated A GOP Congresswoman On Climate Change, And It Was Surreal". Business Insider. Retrieved 2018-05-05.
  83. ^ "'Science Guy' Bill Nye Debates Lawmaker on Climate Change". NBC News. Retrieved 2018-05-05.
  84. ^ "Bill Nye Scolds GOP Congresswoman on Global Warming". Time. Retrieved 2018-05-05.
  85. ^ Allen, Nick (November 3, 2009). "Al Gore 'profiting' from climate change agenda". The Daily Telegraph.
  86. ^ Usborne, David (November 4, 2009). "Al Gore denies he is 'carbon billionaire'". The Independent.
  87. ^ Ensha, Azadeh (April 27, 2009). "Gore to Blackburn: 'You Don't Know Me'". The New York Times.
  88. ^ Sam Gustin. "Why Marsha Blackburn's Rise Is Bad News for Net Neutrality and Science". Motherboard. Vice Media. Blackburn has waged a relentless campaign against the FCC's policy safeguarding net neutrality, the principle that all internet content should be equally accessible, which she has disparaged as "socialistic."
  89. ^ Brodkin, Jon. "Republicans' "Internet Freedom Act" would wipe out net neutrality". Arstechnica.com. Retrieved 2017-02-26.
  90. ^ Brodkin, Jon. "Congresswoman defends "states' rights" to protect ISPs from muni competition". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2017-02-26.
  91. ^ Eggerton, John (July 16, 2014) "Blackburn Bill Would Block FCC Preemption", Broadcasting & Cable; retrieved December 30, 2015.
  92. ^ Sirota, David (July 16, 2014) "Marsha Blackburn (R-TN): Why One Congresswoman Wants To Block Fast, Cheap Internet In Her District", International Business Times; retrieved December 30, 2015.
  93. ^ a b c Cecilia Kang, Congress Moves to Overturn Obama-Era Online Privacy Rules, New York Times (March 28, 2017).
  94. ^ "House Votes To Let Internet Providers Sell Your Browsing History". Vocativ.com. 2017-03-28. Retrieved 2017-03-28.
  95. ^ Ali Breland, House Republican unveils internet privacy bill, The Hill, May 19, 2017.
  96. ^ "House Rep. Pushing To Set Back Online Privacy Rakes In Industry Funds". Vocativ.com. 2017-03-28. Retrieved 2017-03-28.
  97. ^ Sam Gustin. "Meet Marsha Blackburn, Big Telecom's Best Friend in Congress". Motherboard. Vice Media. Blackburn has also been a major recipient of financial support from the nation's largest telecom and cable companies.
  98. ^ "House Vote 638 - Repeals 'Don't Ask, Don't Tell'". ProPublica. Retrieved 2017-10-25.
  99. ^ Reynard, Mike. "Press Release: Blackburn Statement on House Reauthorization of Violence Against Women Act". blackburn.house.gov. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  100. ^ a b "Marsha Blackburn on Civil Rights". www.ontheissues.org. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
  101. ^ "Rep. Marsha Blackburn (R-TN) opposed VAWA because it helped too many "different groups"". MSNBC. 4 March 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2018.
  102. ^ "Congresswoman Votes Against VAWA Because of LGBT Inclusiveness". The Advocate. Retrieved 2017-10-25. I didn't like the way it was expanded to include other different groups...What you need is something that is focused specifically to help the shelters and to help out law enforcement who is trying to work with the crimes that have been committed against women and helping them to stand up
  103. ^ Boucher, Dave (June 26, 2015). "Gay marriage: Tennessee reacts to landmark decision". The Tennessean. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  104. ^ "Blackburn Statement on SCOTUS Marriage Ruling". House.gov. Retrieved 2017-10-25.
  105. ^ Halper, Daniel (2016-11-11). "Mike Pence takes over Trump transition from Chris Christie". Nypost.com. Retrieved 2017-02-26.
  106. ^ Lhou, Li (November 7, 2018). "Marsha Blackburn is Tennessee's first woman senator". VOX. Retrieved 29 November 2018.
  107. ^ Blake, Aaron. "Coffman, Gardner join Republicans against President Trump's travel ban; here's where the rest stand". Denver Post. Retrieved January 30, 2017.
  108. ^ "Marsha Blackburn is an NRA favorite. Her comments about the Thousand Oaks shooting show why". Vox. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
  109. ^ Dickson, Caitlin (2013-06-09). "The Fringe Factor: Women Don't Want Equal Pay Laws". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 2018-05-09.
  110. ^ Inside The C Street House Archived 2009-07-24 at the Wayback Machine., Salon.com, July 21, 2009.

External links[edit]

Tennessee Senate
Preceded by
Keith Jordan
Member of the Tennessee Senate
from the 23rd district

1999–2003
Succeeded by
Jim Bryson
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Ed Bryant
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Tennessee's 7th congressional district

2003–present
Succeeded by
Mark E. Green
Elect
Party political offices
Preceded by
Bob Corker
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Tennessee
(Class 1)

2018
Most recent
Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Rob Bishop
United States Representatives by seniority
96th
Succeeded by
Michael Burgess