American Typewriter

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American Typewriter
American-typewriter-typeface-spec.svg
Category serif
Classification Slab Serif
Designer(s) Joel Kaden and Tony Stan
Foundry ITC, published by: Adobe, Apple and Linotype[1][2]
Date created 1974[3]
Design based on Sholes's 1868 typewriter patent
Also known as ITC American Typewriter, Helvetica Typewriter

American Typewriter is a slab serif typeface created in 1974 by Joel Kaden and Tony Stan for International Typeface Corporation.[4] It is based on the slab serif style of typewriters, however unlike most true typewriter fonts it is a proportional design: the characters do not all have the same width. American Typewriter is often used to suggest an old-fashioned or industrial image. It was originally released in cold type (photocomposition) before being released digitally. Like many ITC fonts, it has a range of four weights from light to bold (with matching italics) and separate condensed styles.[5] Some releases do not have italics.[6]

In the history of typewriters, early typewriters were initially thought to be replacements for printing and so featured proportional fonts. Monospaced typefaces those designed so every letter takes up the same amount of space, were a more practical alternative and soon replaced printing types.

American Typewriter was by no means the first typeface to imitate type writing.[7] Foundry catalogs of the late nineteenth century were already offering them and press manufacturers even made press size ribbons so that letters looking as if they had been typed could be produced wholesale.

In the original release, the A faces are identical to the regular ones, except for alternate versions of the following characters: &, $, R, e.

Used in media[edit]

From 1983-84 season to 1988-89 season, MotorWeek used the font for road tests, as well as the closing credits. It is also used in the famous I Love New York (I ♥ NY) logo.

Formerly used by Tesco for in-store signage between the late 1970s and mid 1990s.

Included (without italics) in OS X and iOS and used by both in some applications.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Identifont". Retrieved 2009-09-28. 
  2. ^ "Typedia". Retrieved 2009-11-04. 
  3. ^ "MyFonts". Dec 3, 2007. Archived from the original on 3 October 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-28. 
  4. ^ "Tony Stan bio". Linotype. Retrieved 25 August 2015. 
  5. ^ "ITC American Typewriter". Linotype. Retrieved 25 August 2015. 
  6. ^ "Adobe release". MyFonts. Adobe. Retrieved 25 August 2015. 
  7. ^ Specimens of type, borders, ornaments, brass rules and cuts, etc. : catalogue of printing machinery and materials, wood goods, etc. American Type Founders Company. 1897. p. 582. Retrieved 17 August 2015.