|Designer(s)||Joel Kaden and Tony Stan|
|Foundry||ITC, published by: Adobe, Apple and Linotype|
|Design based on||Sholes's 1868 typewriter patent|
|Also known as||ITC American Typewriter, Helvetica Typewriter|
American Typewriter is a slab serif typeface created in 1974 by Joel Kaden and Tony Stan for International Typeface Corporation. It is based on the slab serif style of typewriters; however, unlike most true typewriter fonts, it is a proportional design: the characters do not all have the same width. American Typewriter is often used to suggest an old-fashioned or industrial image. It was originally released in cold type (photocomposition) before being released digitally. Like many ITC fonts, it has a range of four weights from light to bold (with matching italics) and separate condensed styles. Some releases do not have italics.
In the history of typewriters, early typewriters were initially thought to be replacements for printing and so featured proportional fonts. Monospaced typefaces, those designed so every letter takes up the same amount of space, were a more practical alternative and soon replaced printing types.
American Typewriter was by no means the first typeface to imitate typewriting. Foundry catalogs of the late nineteenth century were already offering them, and press manufacturers even made press-size ribbons so that letters looking as if they had been typed could be produced wholesale.
In the original release, the A faces are identical to the regular ones, except for alternate versions of the following characters: &, $, R, e.
Used in media
Tesco used the font for in-store signage between the late 1970s and mid-1990s.
- "Identifont". Retrieved 2009-09-28.
- "Typedia". Retrieved 2009-11-04.
- "MyFonts". Dec 3, 2007. Archived from the original on 3 October 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-28.
- "Tony Stan bio". Linotype. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- "ITC American Typewriter". Linotype. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- "Adobe release". MyFonts. Adobe. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
- Specimens of type, borders, ornaments, brass rules and cuts, etc. : catalogue of printing machinery and materials, wood goods, etc. American Type Founders Company. 1897. p. 582. Retrieved 17 August 2015.
- Media related to American Typewriter at Wikimedia Commons