Anamã

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Anamã
Municipality
Mouth of the river that gives of the Anamã city name, Anamã River.
Mouth of the river that gives of the Anamã city name, Anamã River.
Flag of Anamã
Flag
Location of the municipality inside Amazonas
Location of the municipality inside Amazonas
Anamã is located in Brazil
Anamã
Anamã
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 3°34′48″S 61°24′14″W / 3.58000°S 61.40389°W / -3.58000; -61.40389Coordinates: 3°34′48″S 61°24′14″W / 3.58000°S 61.40389°W / -3.58000; -61.40389
Country  Brazil
Region North
State Amazonas
Time zone BRT (UTC−4)
 • Summer (DST) DST no longer used (UTC−4)
Climate Af

Anamã is a municipality located in the Brazilian state of Amazonas. Its population was 6,889 (2005) and its area is 2,454 km².[1]

Etymology[edit]

Anamã comes from a Tupi indigenous word, meaning "jewel of the river", is a portmanteau of the word in Tupi-guarani ["Ãnn"], whose meaning is "jewel or emerald" and ["mãa"], which means "river", adapted through the Portuguese language.

History[edit]

Evidences of the first modern human habitations in Anamã and neighbouring regions, occurred in the period of the first latex extraction fields (fluid withdrawn from rubber trees, raw material of natural rubber), at the beginning of the commercial exploitation of rubber or rubber cycle, the region of the current city was a rubber farm, where was extracted and exported using the seaports of northern Brazil for international markets in Europe and the USA.[2] After the fall in production mainly due to stiff competition from Asia, the region suffered a bitter experience of poverty becoming almost a satellite town of the State capital, Manaus, the rubber farms went bankrupt and workers became residents of these farms over the years, It was gaining city format and transformed into district, under administration of the neighbor Anori, in the year 1981 by constitutional amendment 112 number rises Anamã to the status of municipality.[3]

Geography[edit]

Limited to the north and west by the municipality of Anori; to the south with the municipality of Beruri; and to the east, with Manacapuru, municipality currently has 22 communities, whose main are: Arixi; Cabaça; New Brazil; Mato Rosso; Nossa Senhora de Nazaré and the indigenous communities of São José of Eware (tikunas), Bom Jesus, Nova Esperança and Santa Luzia (kokamas) on the fluvial island of the Chameleon. The climate is typically hot and humid equatorial, clearly visible in the dry and rainy seasons, in the high altitudes do not cause significant changes in the thermal averages. October is the month hot, with average temperatures of 33 °C (91,4 °F); June is usually the coldest month, has an average temperature of 24 °C (75,2 °F). The absolute maximum hardly exceeds 38 °C (100,4 °F), that in the warmer months (September, October and November). In the winter, the thermal sensation is mild, despite it is subject to the low temperatures with averages of 22 °C (71,6 °F) until 18 °C (64,4 °F). The months of November to March occurs 85% of the annual precipitation rainy.[4][5][6][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ IBGE - "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-06-11. Retrieved 2008-06-11. 
  2. ^ Aranha, Bento de Figueiredo Tenreiro. O Grande Amazonas (The Great Amazon). Editora Abertura, 2000, p. 719 until p.735.
  3. ^ IBGE:Access the day 22 October 2016
  4. ^ CLIMATIC SEASONAL FORECASTING TO AMAZONIA LEGAL year 2005
  5. ^ INPE access the day 22 October 2016
  6. ^ Rossetti, D.F., Valeriano, M.M. Evolution of the lowest Amazon basin modeled from the integration of geological and SRTM topographic data. Catena, v. 70, p. 253-265, 2007.
  7. ^ Soares, E. A. A.; Silva, J. H. A. da; Teixeira, S.G.; Riker, R. L. Sedimentação Quaternária nas regiões de Caapiranga, Anamã, Anori e Beruri, Amazônia Ocidental. In: Congresso Brasileiro de geologia, 45., 2010, Belém. Anais... Belém: SBG, 2010. Artigos. CD-ROM.