Borba, Amazonas

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Borba
Municipality
Borba - Amazonas - Igreja.jpg
Flag of Borba
Flag
Official seal of Borba
Seal
Amazonas state with Borba municipality in red
Amazonas state with Borba municipality in red
Borba is located in Brazil
Borba
Borba
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 4°23′16″S 59°35′38″W / 4.38778°S 59.59389°W / -4.38778; -59.59389Coordinates: 4°23′16″S 59°35′38″W / 4.38778°S 59.59389°W / -4.38778; -59.59389
Country  Brazil
Region North
State Amazonas
Area
 • Total 44,251 km2 (17,085 sq mi)
Population (2010 census)
 • Total 34,961
Time zone UTC-4 (UTC-4)

Borba is a town and municipality in the state of Amazonas in northern Brazil.

Location[edit]

Borba is located on the banks of the Madeira River around 150 km (93 mi) south of Manaus. Its population was 34,961 (2010) and its area is 44,251 km².[1] The city is the seat of the Territorial Prelature of Borba.

The municipality contains 46% of the 283,117 hectares (699,600 acres) Rio Madeira Sustainable Development Reserve, created in 2006.[2] It contains about 10% of the 513,747 hectares (1,269,500 acres) Matupiri State Park, created in 2009 along the Matupiri River.[3] It fully contains the 179,083 hectares (442,520 acres) Matupiri Sustainable Development Reserve, created in 2009.[4] It contain 21% of the 397,557 hectares (982,380 acres) Igapó-Açu Sustainable Development Reserve, also created in 2009.[5] Borba also contains about 60% of the 896,411 hectares (2,215,080 acres) Acari National Park created by president Dilma Rousseff in 2016 in the last week before her provisional removal from office.[6]

History[edit]

Founded in 1728 as the Jesuit mission Aldea Trocano by Portuguese Padre João Sampaio. In 1755, it became the first vila (Portuguese town) in what was then the new captaincy of Rio Negro, named Borba.

Economy[edit]

The economy of Borba depends largely on fishing, agriculture, and extractive activities like rubber extraction and cocoa harvesting.

The city is served by Borba Airport.

References[edit]

  1. ^ IBGE - [1]
  2. ^ RDS do Rio Madeira (in Portuguese), ISA: Instituto Socioambiental, retrieved 2016-09-01 
  3. ^ PES do Matupiri (in Portuguese), ISA: Instituto Socioambiental, retrieved 2016-09-01 
  4. ^ RDS do Matupiri (in Portuguese), ISA: Instituto Socioambiental, retrieved 2016-09-01 
  5. ^ RDS Igapó-Açu (in Portuguese), ISA: Instituto Socioambiental, retrieved 2016-09-02 
  6. ^ PARNA do Acari (in Portuguese), ISA: Instituto Socioambiental, retrieved 2016-06-12