Andrew Melville Hall
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|Andrew Melville Hall|
Andrew Melville Hall in 1964
|Town or city||St Andrews, Fife|
|Client||University of St Andrews|
|Design and construction|
|Andrew Melville Hall|
Andrew Melville Hall is a student hall of residence of the University of St Andrews located in St Andrews, Fife, Scotland. It was built in 1967 in the brutalist style, and it accommodates approximately 275 students.
Designed in the New Brutalist style by the renowned architect James Stirling, Andrew Melville Hall was built during a major expansion of the University in the 1960s using prefabricated concrete modules. Errors in construction meant that extensive remedial work was required over several decades. Plans for further buildings to the same design were abandoned.
It has become an important architectural landmark: It was included in DoCoMoMo's 1993 list of Key Scottish Monuments and was ranked number 12 in the top 100 Scottish buildings of the last 50 years. The building was listed Category A in 2011.
During the academic year students live in Melville, with the vast majority of these in single rooms. Every room looks out over surrounding parkland, inhabited by a large number of wild rabbits. The hall is divided into five blocks, designated A, B, C, D and E. Gener ally A, C and E blocks are mixed, with B block being all male and D block all female although in recent years A block has been all male in addition to B block.
Each block is divided up into a number of floors accessed through a central stairwell from the ground floor concourse. Typically each floor consists of sixteen study-bedrooms arranged in two groups of eight on either side of the stairwell, a number of showers/bathrooms and a pantry. The buildings' striking geometry is reflected in the irregular octagonal shape of the bedrooms. Blocks A, D and E have glass enclosures similar in shape to a garden greenhouse atop them to provide natural light to their stairwells; this has led to the top floor of block A being called "the greenhouse".
The hall itself has three common rooms in the central block, as well as a library and study room off the main concourse in E block and similarly a computer and study room at the end of A block. It is a catered residence, with three meals a day being served other than on Saturday and Sunday, when students can prepare food for themselves in the three communal kitchens which are situated on the main concourse.
While the main access to the hall is from the North Haugh, the central block's staircase leads to a path to David Russell Apartments, the nearby Sports Centre and playing fields. In the summer vacation the residence is open for use by conferences and block bookings.
Like all residences in the University of St Andrews, it has a number of staff and students that contribute to its running. Various groups contribute to the operation and maintenance of the hall. A warden's team is responsible for student welfare, discipline, and has oversight for community development. A student committee elected by the residents, headed by the senior student, is responsible for student matters. A residence management team is responsible for the day-to-day running of the residence, including catering, house services, and maintenance.
- Brian Hatton (30 March 2011). "Situating Stirling". The Architectural Review. Retrieved 25 Feb 2015.
- "NORTH HAUGH, UNIVERSITY OF ST ANDREWS, ANDREW MELVILLE HALL LB51846". Historic Environment Scotland. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
- "First Minister Alex Salmond, General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, The Mound, Edinburgh, Monday, May 25, 2009". Scottish Government. 23 May 2011. Retrieved 29 August 2015.
- Kenneth Frampton, Andrew Melville Hall, Architectural Design Magazine, Sept. 1970
- Andrew Melville Halls of Residence, Adrian Welch / Isabelle Lomholt, www.edinburgharchitecture.co.uk.
- St. Andrews Dormitory, The Architecture Week Great Buildings Collection.
- Andrew Melville Hall, University of St Andrews Guide to Residences.
- Simon Henley’s Inspiration: James Stirling’s Andrew Melville Hall, Building Design, January 2009