St Andrews Links
|Location||St Andrews, Fife, Scotland|
|Established||Over 6 centuries|
|Operated by||St Andrews Links Trust|
|Tournaments hosted||The Open Championship|
Alfred Dunhill Links Championship
St Andrews Links Trophy
|Length||6,721 yards (6,146 m)|
|Course record||61; Ross Fisher (2017) |
|The Castle Course|
|Length||6,759 yards (6,180 m)|
|Length||6,625 yards (6,058 m)|
|Length||6,742 yards (6,165 m)|
|Length||6,250 yards (5,720 m)|
|Length||5,620 yards (5,140 m)|
|Length||1,520 yards (1,390 m)|
St Andrews Links in the town of St Andrews, Fife, Scotland, is regarded as the "Home of Golf". It has one of the oldest courses in the world, where the game has been played since the 15th century. Today there are seven public golf courses; the Balgove, Eden, Jubilee, Strathtyrum, New, the Old Course (which is widely considered one of the finest, and certainly the most famous and traditional course in the world), and The Castle Course, sited on the cliffs a mile to the east of St Andrews and designed by the architect David McLay Kidd, which opened in June 2008. The courses of St Andrews Links are owned by the local authorities and operated by St Andrews Links Trust, a charitable organization. St Andrews is also home to The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews, one of the most prestigious golf clubs and until 2004 one of the two rulemaking authorities of golf (in that year, the Royal and Ancient Club passed on its rulemaking authority to an offshoot organisation, The R&A).
In general, St Andrews is a popular hub for golf tourism, as there is a high density of links and heathland courses in the area. In addition to the public courses there are two courses at the privately owned Fairmont Hotel (Torrance and Kittocks) to the south of the town; the Dukes and Drumoig, both inland parkland courses to the west. A few miles further South are the modern links of Kingsbarns and the traditional Balcomie links at Crail. Also nearby are the courses at Elie, Lundin, Leven, Scotscraig and Anstruther. Within 45 minutes drive are Monifieth, Downfield, Carnoustie and Panmure.
The history of St Andrews Links goes back to 1552 when John Hamilton was granted a charter to establish a rabbit warren to the north of the links. The St Andrews Links Charter refers to the public ownership of the links and the right of the people of St Andrews to play golf and other games. The right to play golf on the links were subsequently confirmed in local and royal charters.
The land was acquired by James Cheape, owner of the adjacent Strathtyrum estate, in 1821 and sold by his brother's grandson, also named James Cheape, to The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews in 1893. Control of St Andrews Links was regulated by the St Andrews Links Act of 1894 and St Andrews Links Order Confirmation Act in 1974 which resulted in the creation of the St Andrews Links Trust.
|White||M: 57.0 / 79
W: 57.6 / 80
The Castle Course
The Castle Course opened in June 2008, becoming the seventh public course at St Andrews. The course is set on a rugged-cliff top with extensive views over St Andrews. The course is a par 71 and measures 6,759 yards from the back tees.
|Black||M: 73.6 / 139||346||404||202||540||536||421||456||141||381||3427||167||402||454||179||400||585||406||184||555||3332||6759|
|Blue||M: 71.7 / 137||337||394||179||518||504||399||429||129||351||3240||154||385||415||154||376||555||390||174||533||3136||6376|
|Green||M: 67.3 / 126
W: 73.0 / 131
The Eden Course opened in 1914 after demand on the existing courses grew. It was designed by Harry Colt, and alterations in 1989 by Donald Steel maintain Colt's standards. It was named after the Eden estuary by which it resides, as the profits from mussels collected there once made up an important part of the St Andrews economy.
|Black||M: 70.6 / 125
W: 76.0 / 129
|Blue||M: 68.9 / 121
W: 73.9 / 125
|Green||M: 67.9 / 119
W: 72.1 / 122
Originally intended for Victorian dressed ladies, and other golf beginners, it has evolved into one of the hardest courses at St Andrews Links. The course is commonly used to test junior and amateur golfers for the British Mid-Amateur Golf Championship, as well as the St Andrews Links Trophy.
Initially a 12-hole course, it was expanded to 18 holes in 1905. The course has seen considerable developments under the management of Willie Auchterlonie, Donald Steel, David Wilson and Graeme Taylor. It now plays at around 6,745 yards, and is host to the St Andrews Links Trophy. The Jubilee is one of several courses in Scotland that are under threat from erosion.
|Black||M: 72.6 / 131||367||360||546||371||162||498||373||369||192||3238||411||497||538||188||438||356||428||211||437||3504||6742|
|Blue||M: 71.2 / 127||337||352||524||349||141||480||341||344||182||3050||403||488||516||176||423||346||418||199||405||3374||6424|
|Green||M: 69.2 / 123
W: 74.6 / 128
The Strathtyrum Course, opened in July 1993, became the first new 18 hole layout at St Andrews in nearly 80 years. It was built on land that was previously part of the Strathtyrum estate and sold to the St Andrews Links Trust by Mrs Gladys Cheape in 1986.
|Black||M: 66.2 / 107
W: 71.7 / 116
|Blue||M: 63.4 / 101
W: 68.2 / 108
|Green||M: 62.0 / 99
W: 66.8 / 105
The Old Course, believed to be the oldest golf course in the world, dates back more than 600 years.
|Black||M: 73.1 / 132||376||411||370||419||514||374||359||166||347||3336||340||174||316||418||530||414||381||455||357||3385||6721|
|Blue||M: 71.4 / 129||355||395||337||411||514||360||349||154||289||3164||311||164||304||388||523||391||345||436||361||3223||6387|
|Green||M: 69.9 / 125
W: 75.5 / 138
The New Course, located adjacent to the Old Course, was paid for and commissioned by the Royal and Ancient Golf Club who asked Old Tom Morris to be designer. The New Course opened for play in 1895.
|Black||M: 72.8 / 127||336||367||511||369||180||445||356||481||225||3270||464||368||518||157||386||394||431||229||408||3355||6625|
|Blue||M: 71.6 / 125||299||367||511||351||167||433||336||472||225||3161||457||331||493||147||370||379||416||211||397||3201||6362|
|Green||M: 69.9 / 121
W: 75.4 / 128
- Herrington, Ryan. "Ross Fisher breaks the Old Course scoring record ... in disappointing fashion - Golf Digest". Golf Digest. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 10 May 2008. Retrieved 9 June 2008.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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- Hagen, John Peter (2011). Play Away Please: The Tale of the Sale of Golf's Greatest Icon – The St Andrews Old Course Starter's Box. Random House. ISBN 9781907195754. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- Malcolm, David (2011). Tom Morris of St Andrews the Colossus of Golf 1821-1908. Edinburgh: Birlinn. ISBN 9780857901071. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
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- "The Balgove Course". St Andrews Links. Retrieved 9 June 2008.
- "The Balgove Course Scorecard" (PDF).
- "The Castle Course: the Seventh Course at the Home of Golf". St Andrews Links. 2008. Archived from the original on 10 May 2008. Retrieved 9 June 2008.
- Ian Wood (1 June 2008). "Castle course Poses Sternest of Tests". The Scotsman. Retrieved 9 June 2008.
- "The Castle Course scorecard". Retrieved 2 October 2021.
- "The Eden Course". St Andrews Links. Retrieved 9 June 2008.
- "The Eden Course scorecard". Retrieved 2 October 2021.
- "Jubilee Course at St Andrews" (web). 2007. Retrieved 9 July 2008.
- "Jubilee Course at St Andrews" (web). 2007. Retrieved 16 February 2008.
- Charles Hillinger (6 December 1987). "Where the Games Began". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 9 June 2008.
- Ellen Hale (17 July 2001). "Erosion Threatens Legendary British Golf Courses". USA Today. Retrieved 9 June 2008.
- "The Jubilee Course scorecard". Retrieved 2 October 2021.
- "The Strathtyrum Course". St Andrews Links. Retrieved 9 June 2008.
- Glen, Duncan (1998). Illustrious Fife: Literary, Historical & Architectural Pathways & Walks. Kirkcaldy, Scotland: Akros. p. 14. ISBN 9780861420872. Retrieved 17 January 2016.
- "The Strathtyrum Course scorecard". Retrieved 2 October 2021.
- "The Old Course". St Andrews Links. Archived from the original on 21 September 2012. Retrieved 9 June 2008.
- "The Old Course scorecard". Retrieved 2 October 2021.
- "The Old Course". St Andrews Links. Retrieved 9 June 2008.
- "The New Course scorecard". Retrieved 2 October 2021.
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