Compton was born and raised in the farming community of Bangor, Prince Edward Island. She received her Bachelor of Arts from the University of Prince Edward Island, her Masters from York University and finally her PhD from the University of New Brunswick. Dr. Compton is currently an assistant professor and Writer-in-Residence in UNB Saint John’s Department of Humanities and Languages, she teaches literature and creative writing and is also the Director of the Lorenzo Reading Series at the University of New Brunswick, and serves on the New Brunswick Arts Board.
Awards and recognition
Opening the Island
Shortlisted - Margaret and John Savage First Book Award (2002)
Won - Atlantic Poetry Prize (2006)
Shortlisted - Pat Lowther Prize
Asking Questions Indoors and Out
Shortlisted - Atlantic Poetry Prize (2010)
- 2007 Featured writer at the Maritime Writers' Workshop & Literary Festival in Fredericton, New Brunswick.
- 2008 Winner - Alden Nowlan Award for excellence in English language literary arts, presented by the New Brunswick Arts Board
- 2008 Winner - National Magazine Award in Poetry
- 2014 Winner - Lieutenant-Governor's Award for High Achievement in the Arts
- A.J.M. Smith: Canadian Metaphysical (1994)
- The Edge of Home: Milton Acorn from the Island (editor, 2002)
- Coastlines: The Poetry of Atlantic Canada (co-editor, 2002)
- Meetings with Maritime Poets (2006)
- Opening the Island (2003)
- Processional (2005)
- Asking Questions Indoors and Out (2009)
- Alongside (2013)
- New Canadian Poetry (Fitzhenry and Whiteside, 2000)
- Following the Plough: Recovering the Rural (Black Moss Press, 2000)
- Landmarks: an Anthology of New Atlantic Poetry (The Acorn Press, 2001)
- Modern Canadian Poets (Carcanet, 2010)
-  Anne Compton UNB Faculty Biography
- UPEI Archived August 5, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- scribblingwoman: Anne Compton wins Governor General's Award for Poetry
- Compton wins Atlantic Poetry Prize - May 1, 2006 - News@UNB
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2011-01-14. Atlantic Book Awards
- Who's Archived August 14, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.