Anne FitzPatrick

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Duchess Anne Liddell engraved by David Lucas in the mid-19th century

Anne FitzPatrick, Countess of Upper Ossory (née Liddell; 1737/8 – 1804) was an English noblewoman and the first wife of Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton. Grafton divorced her while serving as Prime Minister. She was a noted correspondent of Horace Walpole.


FitzPatrick was born in 1737 or 1738 in Derby to Ann and Henry Liddell who was the 4th baronet of Ravensworth.[1]

FitzPatrick married the Duke of Grafton on 29 January 1756, and they had three children. Lady Georgiana FitzRoy [2] was born in 1757 and George FitzRoy was born in 1760.

In 1761 she sent a silhouette that Jean Huber had created of her and her daughter to Horace Walpole. This letter was to be the start of a correspondence of 455 letters between herself and Walpole.[1]

In 1764, the Duke had a very public affair with the courtesan Nancy Parsons.[1] He kept her at his town house and took her to the opera. This flouting of convention offended society's standards. Her third child General Lord Charles FitzRoy was born in 1764.[3]

After the Duchess had become pregnant by her lover, John FitzPatrick, 2nd Earl of Upper Ossory, she and the Duke were divorced by Act of Parliament, passed 23 March 1769.[4] Three months later, on 24 June 1769, the Duke married Elizabeth Wrottesley (1 November 1745 – 25 May 1822), daughter of the Reverend Sir Richard Wrottesley, Dean of Worcester.[5] Lady Anne married FitzPatrick in 1769.

FitzPatrick died at her house in Grosvenor Square in 1804.


  1. ^ a b c "Anne Fitzpatrick". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/88658. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  2. ^ Romney, George, Portrait of Lady Georgina Smyth and her son 1780c., Philip Mould Historical Portraits Image Library, archived from the original on 3 March 2016
  3. ^ Chisholm 1911.
  4. ^ "Augustus FitzRoy". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/9628. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  5. ^ Hellicar 1978, p. 28


Unofficial roles
Preceded by
The Baroness Chatham
Spouse of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Title next held by
Elizabeth FitzRoy