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St George's, Hanover Square

Coordinates: 51°30′45″N 0°8′34″W / 51.51250°N 0.14278°W / 51.51250; -0.14278
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St George's
View from St George Street
51°30′45″N 0°8′34″W / 51.51250°N 0.14278°W / 51.51250; -0.14278
LocationSt George Street, Mayfair, City of Westminster, London
CountryUnited Kingdom
DenominationChurch of England
Heritage designationGrade I
Architect(s)John James
Years built1721–1725
ParishSt. George, Hanover Square with St. Mark
RectorRev. Roderick Leece
Organist/Director of musicSimon Williams
Churchwarden(s)Graham Barnes
Mark Hewitt
VergerMatthew Turner

St George's, Hanover Square, is an Anglican church, the parish church of Mayfair in the City of Westminster, central London, built in the early eighteenth century as part of a project to build fifty new churches around London (the Queen Anne Churches). The church was designed by John James; its site was donated by General William Steuart, who laid the first stone in 1721. The building is one small block south of Hanover Square, near Oxford Circus. Because of its location, it has frequently been the venue for society weddings.

Ecclesiastical parish[edit]

A civil parish of St George Hanover Square and an ecclesiastical parish were created in 1724 from part of the ancient parish of St Martin in the Fields.[1] The boundaries of the ecclesiastical parish were adjusted in 1830, 1835 and 1865 when other parishes were carved out of it. The ecclesiastical parish still exists today and forms part of the Deanery of Westminster St Margaret in the Diocese of London.


Interior of St George's
Street view of St George's in 1787

The land for the church was donated by General Sir William Steuart.[2] The church was constructed in 1721–1725, funded by the Commission for Building Fifty New Churches, and designed by John James,[3] who had been one of the two surveyors to the commission since 1716.[4] Its portico, supported by six Corinthian columns, projects across the pavement. There is a tower just behind the portico, rising from the roof above the west end of the nave.[3]

The interior is divided into nave and aisles by piers, square up to the height of the galleries, then rising to the ceiling in the form of Corinthian columns. The nave has a barrel vault, and the aisles transverse barrel vaults.[3]

Burial ground[edit]

St George's was opened in the new residential development of Hanover Square with no attached churchyard. Its first burial ground was sited beside its workhouse at Mount Street. When this filled up a larger burial ground was consecrated at Bayswater in 1765. They were closed for burials in 1854, when London's city churchyards were closed to protect public health. Burials at St George's included Mrs Ann Radcliffe (1764–1823), an influential female writer of the "Gothic Novel", the Revd. Laurence Sterne (1713–1768), abolitionist and author of Tristram Shandy, and Francis Nicholson, British military officer and colonial administrator.

The Mount Street ground was later cleared of monuments and turned into a small park. Some of the old tombstones were used for guttering and drainage, and may be seen today. During the First World War the Bayswater ground was covered with 4' of top soil and used for growing vegetables. In 1969 the burial ground was cleared to enable land to be sold off for redevelopment. A skull, part anatomised, was conjectured to be Sterne's and a partial skeleton separated from the other remains to be transferred to Coxwold churchyard by the Laurence Sterne Trust. 11,500 further remains were taken to West Norwood Cemetery and cremated, for burial there.[5][6]


The organ in 2009 (since rebuilt[7])

Handel was a regular worshipper at St George's, which is now one of the venues used by the annual London Handel Festival. He used to play the organ, and despite claims that he wrote Messiah in the church[8] it is very likely that it was written a few hundred yards away at his home at 25 Brook Street in summer 1741.[9]

St. George's has a full-time professional choir and a strong choral tradition and is a venue for classical music concerts. A Restoration Fund Appeal was launched on Trinity Sunday 2006 to raise a total of five million pounds, with a target of one and a half million pounds needed for the first phase of essential restoration work to the fabric of the church.

A recent[when?] concert series in support of the Restoration Fund was supported by the William Smith International Performance Programme and featured solo piano performances by students from the Royal College of Music, including Ren Yuan, Ina Charuashvili, Meng Yan Pan and the London debut of Maria Nemtsova of Russia.

The church is one of the two main bases of the Orpheus Sinfonia, an orchestra of players recently graduated from music colleges.[10]


The following have served as rector of St George's, Hanover Square:[11]

  • 1725–1759† Andrew Trebeck
  • 1759–1774 Charles Moss (as Bishop of St David's 1766–74, later Bishop of Bath and Wells)
  • 1774–1803† Henry Reginald Courtenay (as Bishop of Bristol 1794–97, Bishop & Archdeacon of Exeter 1797–1803)
  • 1803–1844† Robert Hodgson (as Archdeacon of St Alban's 1814–16, Dean of Chester 1816–20, Dean of Carlisle 1820–44)
  • 1845–1876† Henry Howarth[12]
  • 1876–1890† Edward Capel Cure[13]
  • 1891–1911 David Anderson[14]
  • 1911–1933 Norman Thicknesse (as Archdeacon of Middlesex 1930–33)
  • 1933–1940 Henry Montgomery Campbell (later Bishop of Willesden, Kensington, Guildford, and London)
  • 1940–1955 Stephen Phillimore (as Archdeacon of Middlesex 1933–53)
  • 1955–2000 William Maynard Atkins[15]
  • 2001–2004† John Slater
  • 2005– Roderick Leece

Rector died in post


From its early days, the church was a fashionable place for weddings,[16] which have included those of:

High society weddings at St. George's Hanover Square fell in numbers in the late 20th century, a social change discreetly mentioned in the obituary of the Reverend W. M. Atkins, Rector of St George's from 1955 to 2000.[15]


  1. ^ Youngs, Frederic (1979). Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England. Vol. I: Southern England. London: Royal Historical Society. ISBN 0-901050-67-9.
  2. ^ "A new church". St George's Hanover Square. Retrieved 3 May 2015.
  3. ^ a b c Bradley, Simon; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2003). London 6: Westminster. The Buildings of England. Yale University Press. p. 480.
  4. ^ Downes, Kerry (1987). Hawksmoor. World of Art. London: Thames and Hudson. p. 104.
  5. ^ Hansard 11 February 1964
  6. ^ "Is This the Skull of Laurence Sterne?" The Times 5, 7 & 16 June 1969
  7. ^ "Richards, Fowkes & Co. - Opus 18". richardsfowkes.com. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
  8. ^ "London Handel Festival". Retrieved 19 March 2016.
  9. ^ Boylan, Patrick John (January 2006). "Four Handel Oratorio Libretti published by John Gregory of Leicester 1759–1774". Trans. Leicestershire Archaeol. & Hist. Soc. 80: 78.
  10. ^ "Who's Who – Organisation", Orpheus Foundation, accessed 3 July 2013
  11. ^ "Rectors". St George's Hanover Square. Retrieved 7 July 2020.
  12. ^ "Howarth, Henry (HWRT818H)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  13. ^ Foster, Joseph (1888–1892). "Cure, Edward Capel" . Alumni Oxonienses: the Members of the University of Oxford, 1715–1886. Oxford: Parker and Co – via Wikisource.
  14. ^ "Anderson, David (ANDR861D)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  15. ^ a b Prebendary Bill Atkins (obituary) at telegraph.co.uk
  16. ^ Perry, Maria (1999). Mayfair Madams. London: André Deutsch. pp. 87–93. ISBN 0-233-99476-9.
  17. ^ Albert Frederick Pollard, "Dashwood, Francis", in Dictionary of National Biography (London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1901) pp. 112–115
  18. ^ STOPFORD, James, 2nd Earl of Courtown, History of Parliament online
  19. ^ Dorothy Stroud, "Henry Holland His Life and Architecture", Country Life 1966, p. 36
  20. ^ John Summerson, The Life and Work of John Nash Architect (George Allen & Unwin, 1980), p. 30
  21. ^ "Tufton, Sackville" . Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  22. ^ "WOLFF, JOSEPH". The Jewish Encyclopedia. JewishEncyclopedia.com. 1906. Retrieved 18 January 2016. {{cite book}}: |website= ignored (help)
  23. ^ The register book of marriages belonging to the parish St. George, Hanover square, in the county of Middlesex, p. 98
  24. ^ George Edward Cokayne, ed. The Complete Baronetage, vol 2. (Exeter: William Pollard, 1900), p. 317
  25. ^ England & Wales, Civil Registration Marriage Index, 1837-1915
  26. ^ Marriage of Frances Moody (1890) in Westminster, London, England, Church of England Marriages and Banns, 1754-1935 - via Ancestry.co.uk
  27. ^ Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 66
  28. ^ "Anglo-Colonial Notes", in the Evening Post (Wellington, New Zealand), dated 24 November 1899, p. 5
  29. ^ Henry James Morgan, Types of Canadian Women and of Women who are or have been Connected with Canada (Williams Briggs, 1903), p. 42
  30. ^ Mottram, Ralph Hale (1956). For Some We Loved: An intimate portrait of Ada and John Galsworthy. London: Hutchinson. p. 71.
  31. ^ Henry Hall, Here's to the Next Time (London: Odhams Press, 1955), pp. 56–57; "Hall, Henry R, & Harker Margery" in Register of Marriages for St. George's Hanover Square Registration District, vol. 1a (1924), p. 648
  32. ^ The Seasonal Papers Printed by Order of the House of Lords, Great Britain. Parliament. House of Lords (1847-8) - Google Books

External links[edit]