Anogeissus leiocarpa

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Anogeissus leiocarpa
Anogeissus leiocarpa MS 4185.JPG
Anogeissus leiocarpa flowers in Burkina Faso
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Combretaceae
Genus: Anogeissus
A. leiocarpa
Binomial name
Anogeissus leiocarpa
(DC.) Guill. & Perr.

Anogeissus leiocarpa (African birch; Bambara: ngálǎma) is a tall deciduous tree native to the savannas of tropical Africa.[1]

It is the sole West African species of the genus Anogeissus, a genus otherwise distributed from tropical central and east Africa through tropical Southeast Asia.[1]

Anogeissus leiocarpa germinates in the new soils produced by seasonal wetlands. It is a forest fringe plant, growing at the edges of the rainforest, although not deep in the rainforest. It also grows in savanna, and along riverbanks, where it forms gallery forests. The tree flowers in the rainy season, from June to October. The fruit are winged samaras, and are dispersed by ants.


It is one of the plants used to make bògòlanfini, a traditional Malian mudcloth. Small branches with leaves are crushed to make one of the yellow dyes.[2]

The inner bark of the tree is used as a human and livestock anthelmintic for treating worms, and for treatment of a few protozoan diseases in animals, nagana (an animal trypanosomiasis), and babesiosis.[3]

The inner bark is used as a chewing stick in Nigeria and extracts of the bark show antibacterial properties.[4] The stem barks contains castalagin[5] and flavogallonic acid dilactone.[6]

Laboratory investigation of the effects of aqueous stem bark extract of Anogeissus leiocarpus, which contains antioxidants, indicates that it provides dose-dependent benefits against gastric ulcers. The observed effectiveness is sufficient to support the ethno medicinal application of the plant in ulcer treatment and management.[7]


  1. ^ a b Steentoft, Margaret (1988). Flowering Plants in West Africa. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-26192-9.
  2. ^ Arbonnier, Michel (2004). Trees, Shrubs and Lianas of West African Dry Zones. Quae. ISBN 2-87614-579-0.
  3. ^ Bizimana, Nsekuye (1994). Traditional Veterinary Practice in Africa. German Technical Cooperation. ISBN 3-88085-502-1.
  4. ^ Mann, A.; Yahaya, Y.; Banso, A.; Ajayi, G. O. (March 2008). "Phytochemical and antibacterial screening of Anogeissus leiocarpus against some microorganisms associated with infectious wounds". Academic Journals. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  5. ^ Shuaibu, M. N.; Pandey, K.; Wuyep, P. A.; Yanagi, T.; Hirayama, K.; Ichinose, A.; Tanaka, T.; Kouno, I. (2008). "Castalagin from Anogeissus leiocarpus mediates the killing of Leishmania in vitro". Parasitology Research. 103 (6): 1333–1338. doi:10.1007/s00436-008-1137-7. PMID 18690475. S2CID 37480828.
  6. ^ Shuaibu, M. N.; Wuyep, P. A.; Yanagi, T.; Hirayama, K.; Tanaka, T.; Kouno, I. (2008). "The use of microfluorometric method for activity-guided isolation of antiplasmodial compound from plant extracts". Parasitology Research. 102 (6): 1119–1127. doi:10.1007/s00436-008-0879-6. PMID 18214539. S2CID 19496595.
  7. ^ Hafsat Rufa’i, Humphrey C. Nzelibe and Musa M. Abarshi. Science World Journal Vol. 16(No 3) 2021 ISSN: 1597-6343

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