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Anton Ackermann in Berlin (1946)
25 December 1905
Thalheim, Saxony, Germany
|Died||4 May 1973
East Berlin, GDR (East Germany)
|Spouse(s)||Elli Schmidt (1908–1980)
Life and career
From 1920 to 1928, he worked as functionary of the Communist Youth Movement of Germany. In 1926 he joined the Communist Party of Germany. He studied at the Lenin School in Moscow. Back in Germany, the Communist Party was expelled after the Nazis gained power in 1933. Ackermann continued working for the illegal Communist Party.
From 1935 to 1937 he lived in Prague. During the Spanish Civil War, Ackermann was the leader of the Political School of the International Brigades. After staying a shortwhile, he went to Moscow and became editor of the German language newspaper "The Free Word".
In 1943 he became an active member of the Moscow-based National Committee for a Free Germany (NKFD).
After World War II, at the end of April 1945, he returned to Saxony as head of the Ackermann Group, one of the three teams, each of ten men, flown in by the Communist Party from Moscow to different parts of the Soviet occupation zone to lay the groundwork for the Soviet Military Administration in Germany. He joined the newly reformed East German Communist party, the Socialist Unity Party (SED) in 1946. He was elected into the Central Committee and became a candidate member of the Politburo in 1949. From 1950 to 1954, he was a member of the People's Chamber.
In 1953-1954, he was expelled from the Politburo and fired as minister because of "party-hostile activity."
In 1956 he was rehabilitated and worked for the State Planning Bureau.
- Bernd-Rainer Barth; Helmut Müller-Enbergs. "Ackermann, Anton (eigtl.: Eugen Hanisch) * 25.12.1905, † 4.5.1973 Kandidat des Politbüros des ZK der SED". Bundesstiftung zur Aufarbeitung der SED-Diktatur: Biographische Datenbanken. Retrieved 12 January 2015.
- "Namensliste der drei KPD-Einsatzgruppen vom 27. April 1945" German Federal Archives. BArch NY 4036/517. Retrieved November 22, 2011 (German)