Arboga, California

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Arboga
Arboga is located in California
Arboga
Arboga
Location in California
Arboga is located in the United States
Arboga
Arboga
Arboga (the United States)
Coordinates: 39°03′05″N 121°33′21″W / 39.05139°N 121.55583°W / 39.05139; -121.55583Coordinates: 39°03′05″N 121°33′21″W / 39.05139°N 121.55583°W / 39.05139; -121.55583
CountryUnited States
StateCalifornia
CountyYuba County
Elevation56 ft (17 m)
Arboga Assembly Center marker

Arboga is an unincorporated community in Yuba County, California. It is located 3 miles (4.8 km), south of Olivehurst on the Sacramento Northern Railroad,[2] at an elevation of 56 feet (17 m). It was named in 1911 by the pastor of the Mission Covenant Church of Sweden for his hometown of Arboga, Sweden.[3]

During World War II, a temporary detention camp for Japanese Americans evicted from the West Coast by Executive Order 9066 was located here. The Marysville Assembly Center opened on May 8, 1942, and held 2,465 people before closing on June 29, when the residents were transferred to the more permanent and isolated concentration camp at Tule Lake, California.[4]

A post office operated at Arboga from 1912 to 1926.[2]

Arboga Assembly Center[edit]

Arboga Assembly Center in 1942

The Marysville Assembly Center was built at a camp for migrant workers at Arboga, 8 miles south of Marysville, California. The camp was also called the Arboga Assembly Center. The center was one of fifteen temporary centers in California. Those of Japanese ancestry were housed at the camp from May 8, 1942 to June 29. The assembly center housed at its peak 2,465 evacuees. Most came from Placer and Sacramentocounties. The camp had about 160 buildings, with five dining halls and two infirmaries. Most were moved to the Tule Lake War Relocation Center. In July of 1942 the US Army took over the camp for the use of soldiers [5][6]

The site is a California Historical Landmark number 934.01.

The California Historical Landmark reads:

NO. 934 TEMPORARY DETENTION CAMPS FOR JAPANESE AMERICANS-MARYSVILLE ASSEMBLY CENTER - The temporary detention camps (also known as 'assembly centers') represent the first phase of the mass incarceration of 97,785 Californians of Japanese ancestry during World War II. Pursuant to Executive Order 9066 signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on February 19, 1942, thirteen makeshift detention facilities were constructed at various California racetracks, fairgrounds, and labor camps. These facilities were intended to confine Japanese Americans until more permanent concentration camps, such as those at Manzanar and Tule Lake in California, could be built in isolated areas of the country. Beginning on March 30, 1942, all native-born Americans and long-time legal residents of Japanese ancestry living in California were ordered to surrender themselves for detention. [7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Arboga, California
  2. ^ a b Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Clovis, Calif.: Word Dancer Press. p. 444. ISBN 1-884995-14-4.
  3. ^ Gudde, Erwin; William Bright (2004). California Place Names (Fourth ed.). University of California Press. p. 16. ISBN 0-520-24217-3.
  4. ^ "Marysville (detention facility)" Densho Encyclopedia (retrieved 20 June 2014)
  5. ^ Marysville Appeal-Democrat July 16, 1942
  6. ^ militarymuseum.org Marysville Assembly Center
  7. ^ californiahistoricallandmarks.com Landmarks chl-934.01

External links[edit]