Executive Order 9102
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Executive Order 9102 is a United States presidential executive order ordering the creation of the War Relocation Authority (WRA), the US civilian agency responsible for the forced relocation and internment of Japanese-Americans during World War II. The executive order was signed by President Franklin Roosevelt on March 18, 1942, and it officially expired on June 30, 1946. The Director reported directly to the president of the United States.
Milton S. Eisenhower, previously an official of the Department of Agriculture, was chosen to head the WRA. Within nine months, the WRA had opened ten facilities in seven states, and transported over 100,000 people from the WLCA facilities of whom 64 percent were American citizens. Over the course of the next 19 months, approximately 120,000 Japanese-Americans were removed from the Pacific coast and placed in internment camps.
- Executive Order 9102 Establishing the War Relocation Authority. March 18, 1942, the American Presidency Project (UCSB).
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