|From "Bilder ur Nordens Flora" (1917-1926)|
Rubus arcticus, the Arctic bramble or Arctic raspberry, (includes Rubus arcticus ssp. acaulis - (Michx.) is a species of slow-growing bramble belonging to the rose family, found in arctic and alpine regions in the Northern Hemisphere. Its dark red fruit is considered a delicacy. In the Pacific Northwest of western Canada and the northwestern United States, it is sometimes called the nagoon or nagoonberry, a name which derives from the Tlingit neigóon. A measure of the quality of its fruit is expressed in its Russian name княженика knyazhenika, signifying the "berry of princes". It grows in Alaska, northern Scandinavia, Russia, Poland, Belarus, Mongolia, northeastern China, North Korea , Estonia, Lithuania, Canada, and the northern United States as far south as Oregon, Colorado, Michigan, and Maine.
Rubus arcticus grows most often in acidic soils rich in organic matter. It is a thornless perennial up to 30 cm (1 foot) tall, woody at the base but very thin farther above the ground. flowers are in groups of 1-3, the petals pink, red, or magenta. Fruit is deep red or dark purple, with an unusual hardiness to frost and cold weather conditions.
The fruits of the Arctic raspberry are very tasty and, among other uses, make jam and liqueur, or flavour tea. Carl von Linné considered the Arctic raspberry - åkerbär in Swedish - a great delicacy in his Flora Lapponica (1737). Also used in Smirnoff Ice and North, and Lignell & Piispanen's Mesimarjalikööri, and Wine fruit of Arctic RaspBerry (Central Arctic in Adub). Arctic raspberry is the provincial plant of the Norrbotten province of northern Sweden.
- The Plant List, Rubus arcticus L.
- "BSBI List 2007" (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
- "Rubus arcticus". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 24 October 2015.
- Naturhistoriska riksmuseet 1996, Den Virtuella Floran, description, ecological information, photos (in Swedish)
- Biota of North America Program 2014 state-level distribution map
- Central Yukon Species Inventory Project (CYSIP), Rubus arcticus : Nagoon Berry includes photos, description, line drawing, global distribution map
- Flora of North America, Rubus arcticus Linnaeus, 1753. Arctic raspberry
- Flora of China, Rubus arcticus Linnaeus, 1753. 北悬钩子 bei xuan gou zi
- Plants for a Future
- University of the Highlands and Islands, Inverness, Scotland, Berry crops
- Karp K., Starast M., Värnik R. 1997. The arctic bramble (Rubus arcticus L.) - the most profitable wild berry in Estonia. Baltic Forestry 2: 47-52. in English with summary in Russian
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