Arthur Foljambe, 2nd Earl of Liverpool

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The Right Honourable
The Earl of Liverpool
GCB GCMG GBE MVO PC JP DL
2ndEarlOfLiverpool.jpg
1st Governor-General of New Zealand
In office
28 June 1917 – 8 July 1920
Monarch George V
Preceded by Himself
as Governor
Succeeded by The Viscount Jellicoe
16th Governor of New Zealand
In office
19 December 1912 – 28 June 1917
Monarch George V
Preceded by The Lord Islington
Succeeded by Himself
as Governor-General
Personal details
Born (1870-05-27)27 May 1870
Compton Place, Eastbourne, Sussex, UK
Died 15 May 1941(1941-05-15) (aged 70)
Cranwick Hall, Lincoln, Lincolnshire, UK
Nationality British
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s) Annette Monck (1875–1948)
Alma mater Royal Military College, Sandhurst

Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe, 2nd Earl of Liverpool, GCB, GCMG, GBE, MVO, PC, JP, DL (27 May 1870 – 15 May 1941), styled Viscount Hawkesbury between 1905 and 1907, was a British Liberal politician, the 16th and last Governor of New Zealand, and the first Governor-General of New Zealand.

Background and education[edit]

Born at Compton Place, Eastbourne, Sussex,[1] he was the eldest son and only surviving child of Cecil Foljambe, 1st Earl of Liverpool, by his first wife Louisa Howard, daughter of Frederick John Howard.[1][2] On his mother's side he descended from Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, the architect.[2] He was educated at Eton and the Sandhurst before joining the Rifle Brigade.

Military career[edit]

Foljambe was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Rifle Brigade on 2 May 1891, and was promoted to lieutenant on 14 February 1893 and to captain on 1 December 1897.[3] He saw active service in the Second Boer War in South Africa. In July 1901 he was appointed an extra aide-de-camp to the Earl Cadogan, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.[4] He returned to his regiment in December 1901,[5] joining the 4th battalion stationed in Bloemfontein. He retired from the army in 1906.[1]

Political career[edit]

Liverpool succeeded his father in the earldom in 1907 and took his seat in the House of Lords on the Liberal benches.[2] In July 1909 he was appointed Comptroller of the Household in the Liberal administration of H. H. Asquith,[6] a post he held until 1912,[7] when he was appointed Governor of New Zealand.[8] In 1917 the office was raised in rank to that of Governor-General of New Zealand.[9] The same year Liverpool was also admitted to the Privy Council.[10] His term was extended to cover the visit of the Prince of Wales.[1][11] He retired as Governor-General in 1920 and was appointed Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (GCB) on 7 October 1920.[1]

During the First World War, Liverpool conferred his name upon a New Zealand infantry regiment. The New Zealand Rifle Brigade (Earl of Liverpool's Own) was formed in 1915, served with the New Zealand Division during the war and was disbanded in 1919.

Family[edit]

Lord Liverpool married the Hon. Annette Louise Monck, daughter of Henry Monck, 5th Viscount Monck, in 1897. They had no children.[2] In the 1918 New Year Honours, Annette, Countess of Liverpool was appointed Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire (GBE). He owned Hartsholme Hall from 1909 to 1939.

He died at his home Canwick Hall in May 1941, aged 70,[1] and was succeeded in his titles by his half-brother, Gerald Foljambe. The Countess of Liverpool died in May 1948, aged 73.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f LIVERPOOL, Sir Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe, Earl of at teara.govt.nz
  2. ^ a b c d e Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe, 2nd Earl of Liverpool
  3. ^ Hart′s Army list, 1903
  4. ^ "No. 27385". The London Gazette. 10 December 1901. p. 8718. 
  5. ^ "No. 27465". The London Gazette. 15 August 1902. p. 5333. 
  6. ^ "No. 28270". The London Gazette. 13 July 1909. p. 5381. 
  7. ^ "No. 28659". The London Gazette. 1 November 1912. p. 8021. 
  8. ^ "No. 28646". The London Gazette. 20 September 1912. p. 6935. 
  9. ^ "No. 30180". The London Gazette. 13 July 1917. p. 6990. 
  10. ^ "No. 30161". The London Gazette. 3 July 1917. p. 6541. 
  11. ^ Biography

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
The Master of Elibank
Comptroller of the Household
1909–1912
Succeeded by
The Lord Saye and Sele
Government offices
Preceded by
The Lord Islington
Governor of New Zealand
1912–1917
Office renamed
Office renamed Governor-General of New Zealand
1917–1920
Succeeded by
The Viscount Jellicoe
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Cecil Foljambe
Earl of Liverpool
1907–1941
Succeeded by
Gerald Foljambe