Aston, South Yorkshire

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Aston
All Saints' church, Aston - geograph.org.uk - 146514.jpg
All Saints' church
Aston is located in South Yorkshire
Aston
Aston
Aston shown within South Yorkshire
OS grid referenceSK460848
Civil parish
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSHEFFIELD
Postcode districtS26
Dialling code0114
PoliceSouth Yorkshire
FireSouth Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
EU ParliamentYorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
53°21′29″N 1°18′36″W / 53.3581°N 1.30988°W / 53.3581; -1.30988Coordinates: 53°21′29″N 1°18′36″W / 53.3581°N 1.30988°W / 53.3581; -1.30988

Aston is a residential village in the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham, South Yorkshire, England. The village falls within the Holderness ward of the borough.

Etymology[edit]

Unlike other places of the same name, Aston does not mean "eastern farm or village," but instead originates from the Old English words tun "farm, village, and estate" with an uncertain first element. The name was recorded as Essetone in 1039, suggesting Old English ǣsc "ash tree" (as in Ashton and Ashton-in-Makerfield), although this is not certain.

Historic structures[edit]

At the eastern end of the village is Grade II* listed Aston Hall which was a large country house, then a hospital, and at one time known as Aughton Court before becoming a hotel and restaurant. It gives its name to Aston Hall Cricket Club, which plays home games close to the Hall. The original manor house was home to the D’arcys, descendants of George Darcy, 1st Baron of Aston. He had married Dorothy Melton, whose ancestors were the earlier lords of the manor. Following a fire in 1771, Lord Holderness had the charred remains of the house pulled down and rebuilt the following year by York architect John Carr. The Verelst family who had previously rented the hall then bought the property and continued to occupy the hall and most of the original Aston estate for many years prior to its eventual breakup and sale in the 1920s.[1][2] A nearby street named "The Chase" suggests that the surrounding housing estate now occupies land that formed the traditional hunting grounds attached to the hall.

Adjacent to Aston Hall is the oldest surviving structure in the village, the Grade I listed Church of All Saints. It is built on the site of earlier church listed in the Domesday Book, and parts of it date to 12th, 14th and 15th centuries though with restoration works including rebuilding of the chancel in the 19th century. Monuments in the church include two wall plaques to William Mason a former rector of the church.[2][3] The old rectory building on Church Lane was also worked on by John Carr, it is named High Trees and is Grade II listed[4] as are a number of other 18th and early 19th century buildings along the main road (Worksop Road) including The Grange and South Farm.[5][6] To the north of these on Aughton Lane is the William Layne Reading Room, a building that was formally Aston Old School, founded in 1738, next to which stands a war memorial erected in 2011.[7][8]

History[edit]

Aston was traditionally a farming village and some old farm buildings still line the main road. In the early 20th century the population increased because of the opening of coal mines in the area.

It joined local villages Aughton and Swallownest, to form the Aston cum Aughton civil parish.

Geography[edit]

Aston is around 2 miles from Rother Valley Country Park.

Education[edit]

Aston Academy is the local high school, specialising in mathematics and computing. Most pupils come from the Aston-cum-Aughton area, with others from nearby villages such as Beighton, Woodhouse and Treeton.

Local primary schools are:

  • Aston C of E (Church of England)
  • Aston Hall Primary
  • Aston Lodge Primary
  • Aston Springwood Junior & Infant School
  • Swallownest Primary
  • Aughton Primary
  • Aston Fence Junior & Infant

References[edit]

  1. ^ Historic England. "AUGHTON COURT (1314660)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  2. ^ a b "History". All Saints Aston-cum-Aughton. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  3. ^ Historic England. "CHURCH OF ALL SAINTS (1151917)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  4. ^ Historic England. "HIGH TREES (1151919)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  5. ^ Historic England. "THE GRANGE (1314658)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  6. ^ Historic England. "SOUTH FARM HOUSE (1151886)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  7. ^ Historic England. "THE PARISH COUNCIL READING ROOM (1314672)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 October 2016.
  8. ^ "The Brave Few". Aston-cum-Aughton History Group. Retrieved 18 October 2016.

External links[edit]