Downtown Attalla, Alabama
Location in Etowah County and the state of Alabama
|• Total||6.7 sq mi (17.3 km2)|
|• Land||6.7 sq mi (17.3 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||545 ft (166 m)|
|• Density||983.9/sq mi (381/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0157880|
Attalla is a city in Etowah County, Alabama, United States. It is part of the Gadsden Metropolitan Statistical Area. According to the 2005 U.S. Census estimates, the city had a population of 6,474 and in 2010 the population was 6,048.
The town occupies the site of an Indian village which was of considerable importance during the Creek War. It was in Attalla that David Brown, a Cherokee, assisted by the Rev. D. S. Butterick, prepared the “Cherokee Spelling Book”.
Attalla was incorporated as a city government on February 5, 1872, and was founded in 1870 on land donated for the site of the town by W. C. Hammond, a plantation owner. The town was officially named “Attalla” in 1893. Attalla is a name derived from the Cherokee language meaning "mountain". Attalla was prosperous until the railroads that it depended on went into bankruptcy.
|U.S. Decennial Census
2000 Census data
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,795 people, 2,672 households, and 1,976 families residing in the city. The population density was 988.0 people per square mile (381.6/km2). There were 2,914 housing units at an average density of 436.7 per square mile (168.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 78.42% White, 13.5% Black or African American, 1.5% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 1.64% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. 2.22% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,620 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.6% were married couples living together, 16.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.5% were non-families. 29.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 90.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $27,444, and the median income for a family was $39,549. Males had a median income of $30,605 versus $19,693 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,727. About 16.4% of families and 18.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 22.0% of those age 65 or over.
As of the census of 2010, there were 6,048 people, 2,442 households, and 1,627 families residing in the city. The population density was 983.9 people per square mile (381/km2). There were 2,841 housing units at an average density of 424 per square mile (164.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 81.5% White, 12.7% Black or African American, .4% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 2.9% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. 4.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 2,442 households out of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 18.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.4% were non-families. 29.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.07.
In the city the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.8 years. For every 100 females there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $32,426, and the median income for a family was $35,934. Males had a median income of $33,428 versus $25,441 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,457. About 13.9% of families and 18.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.5% of those under age 18 and 13.9% of those age 65 or over.
The district includes the following schools:
- Attalla Elementary School (Grades Pk-5)
- Etowah Middle School (Grades 6–8)
- Etowah High School (Grades 9-12)
Attalla is located at (34.009818, -86.098413).
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.7 square miles (17 km2), all of it land. The city is home to the site of the first working hydroelectric dam in the world.
- Gerald William Barrax, poet and educator
- Betty Kelly (born September 16, 1944), member of Motown girl group Martha and The Vandellas
- Larry Means, member of the Alabama Senate
- Patrick Nix (born April 7, 1972), former Auburn University quarterback
- Tyrone Nix (born September 30, 1972), Defensive Coordinator for the Ole Miss Rebels
- B. L. Noojin, athlete, educator, and politician
- Albert Staton, basketball and football player for Georgia Institute of Technology
- Carnell "Cadillac" Williams (born April 21, 1982), Tampa Bay Buccaneers player
- "The Names Stayed". Calhoun Times and Gordon County News. August 29, 1990. p. 64. Retrieved 29 April 2015.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 3, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-23.
- Attalla City Schools
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.