Fifth Avenue Line (Brooklyn surface)
The Fifth Avenue Line is a public transit line in Brooklyn, New York City, United States, running mainly along Fifth Avenue and Atlantic Avenue between Fort Hamilton and Cobble Hill. Originally a streetcar line, it is now the B63 Fifth/Atlantic Avenues bus route, operated by the New York City Transit Authority.
The B63 bus route begins at Shore Road and Fourth Avenue in Fort Hamilton, and heads north on Fourth Avenue, splitting onto Fifth Avenue at 94th Street. Fifth Avenue is followed through Bay Ridge, Sunset Park, and Gowanus to Park Slope, where buses turn northwest on Flatbush Avenue and west on Atlantic Avenue to South Ferry. Along the way, subway connections can be made at Bay Ridge – 95th Street, Fourth Avenue – Ninth Street, and Atlantic Avenue – Barclays Center, as well as the Long Island Rail Road's Atlantic Branch at Atlantic Terminal.
The Brooklyn Central and Jamaica Railroad opened the line along Fifth Avenue, from its Atlantic Avenue Line south to 24th Street at Greenwood Cemetery, on August 28, 1860. The Brooklyn, Bath and Coney Island Rail Road opened on October 5, 1863, running steam dummies from Fifth Avenue and 36th Street (the city line) south to 37th Street, and east on 37th Street and south towards Coney Island. At the same time, the Central Railroad extended its Fifth Avenue Line south to 36th Street.[verification needed] The Atlantic Avenue Railroad, the Central's successor, gained control of the Brooklyn, Bath and West End Railroad, the BB&CI's successor, in January 1893, and soon changed it to an electric trolley line.
The Nassau Electric Railroad was incorporated in 1893, and its plans included the east-west Church Avenue Line along 39th Street and a branch south along Fifth Avenue into New Utrecht. The Nassau Electric leased the Atlantic Avenue on April 5, 1896, and opened their Fifth Avenue Line that day as an extension of the Atlantic Avenue's line all the way to Fort Hamilton; they also continued to operate West End Line cars via Fifth Avenue, and soon also ran cars to Coney Island over Fifth Avenue and the 86th Street Line.
Buses were substituted for streetcars on February 20, 1949.
- B63 bus schedule MTA Regional Bus Operations.
- Brooklyn Daily Eagle, New Railroad Route, August 23, 1860, page 3
- Brooklyn Daily Eagle, The Brooklyn Central Railroad, August 29, 1860, page 3
- Brooklyn Daily Eagle, The Dummy Engines, September 11, 1863
- Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Railroads, October 5, 1863, page 1
- Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Opening of a New Railroad - Another Route to Coney Island, October 5, 1863, page 2
- Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Another Railroad Sold, January 17, 1893, page 12
- Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Will Move Down Town Soon, January 21, 1893, page 10
- Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Financial Brooklyn, July 1, 1894, page 22
- Brooklyn Daily Eagle, New Railroad Conveniences, April 3, 1896, page 1
- Brooklyn Daily Eagle, Run by the Nassau Now, April 5, 1896, page 9