Flatbush Avenue is a major avenue in the New York City Borough of Brooklyn. It runs from the Manhattan Bridge south-southeastward to Jamaica Bay, where it joins the Marine Parkway–Gil Hodges Memorial Bridge, which connects Brooklyn to the Rockaway Peninsula in Queens. The north end was extended to the Manhattan Bridge as "Flatbush Avenue Extension".
Flatbush Avenue, including the extension, is 9.8 miles (15.8 km) long. The avenue is a four-lane street throughout the majority of its run. North of Atlantic Avenue and south of Utica Avenue, it is a six-lane-wide median-divided street.
Effect on street grid
The diagonal path of Flatbush Avenue creates a unique street pattern in every neighborhood it touches. It is the central artery of the borough, carrying traffic to and from Manhattan past landmarks such as MetroTech Center, City Point, the Fulton Mall, Junior's, Long Island University Brooklyn, the Brooklyn Academy of Music, the Long Island Rail Road's Atlantic Terminal, the Barclays Center, Grand Army Plaza, the Brooklyn Public Library, the Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Prospect Park, Erasmus Hall High School, Brooklyn College, and Floyd Bennett Field.
Flatbush Avenue is the border of Prospect Heights/Park Slope and many other neighborhoods. Other main Brooklyn thoroughfares start at Flatbush Avenue, including Ocean Avenue, Linden Boulevard, Empire Boulevard, Eastern Parkway, and Utica Avenue.
It was originally a Native American trail that took advantage of a low point in the terminal moraine that forms the spine of Long Island, running roughly along what is now the eastern edge of Prospect Park. A monument beside the former Flatbush Road, now inside the park, commemorates an attempt to block the road during the Battle of Long Island. Historic homes line the neighborhoods around the avenue, which in the late 1920s was straightened to its current form. Streets such as Amersfort Place that are remnants of old parts of the avenue remain in the city grid as an echo of the past.
The majority of Flatbush Avenue is served by the B41 route of MTA Regional Bus Operations, though the Q35 route also serves Flatbush Avenue south of Nostrand Avenue. Several bus routes also use the avenue for shorter stretches.
The New York City Subway's IRT Nostrand Avenue Line (2 and 5 trains) has a southern terminus at the Flatbush Avenue–Brooklyn College station, while the BMT Brighton Line (B and Q trains) and IRT Eastern Parkway Line (2, 3, 4, and 5 trains) run under the avenue between Prospect Park and DeKalb Avenue, and Grand Army Plaza and Nevins Street, respectively.
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- Pollak, Michael. "Twain's Magical Mystery Tour", The New York Times, June 18, 2006. Accessed December 9, 2007. "The Flatbush Avenue extension was built 100 years ago through the 1850s-era Vinegar Hill neighborhood to connect Flatbush Avenue with the anticipated Manhattan Bridge, which opened in 1909."
- "Brooklyn Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. November 2017. Retrieved April 24, 2018.
- "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. January 18, 2018. Retrieved January 18, 2018.